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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Menachos 93


(a) What was Rava's reaction when Rav Chananyah quoted a Beraisa 'Yoresh Eino Somech, Yoresh Eino Meimar'?

(b) What did Rav Chananyah suggest?

(c) Why did Rava then reject his suggestion? Like whom did he establish the Beraisa?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah learns his opinion from the Pasuk "Korbano", 've'Lo Korban Aviv'.
That explains the Din with regard to Semichah, but from where does he preclude a father's Korban from Temurah as well?

(b) The Rabbanan include a father's Korban in the Din of Temurah from the Pasuk in Bechukosai "ve'Im Hamer Yamir".
From where do they then include a father's Korban in the Din of Temurah as well?

(a) Which of the three "Korbano" that we discussed at the beginning of the Amud does Rebbi Yehudah reject, to be able to learn "Korbano", 've'Lo Korban Aviv'?

(b) Alternatively, he maintains all three D'rashos, only he precludes two of the three from the same "Korbano", and 've'Lo Korban Aviv' from the third. Which two D'rashos does he combine?

(c) Why does Rebbi Yehudah require a Pasuk to teach us "Korbano", 've'Lo Korban Aviv'? Why is it not included in "Korbano", 've'Lo Korban Chaveiro'?

(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah learn from "ve'Im Hamer Yamir"?

(b) Why is such a D'rashah necessary? Why is a woman not automatically included in the Din of Temurah (bearing in mind that it is a La'av, as well as an Asei that is not determined by time)?

(c) The Rabbanan learn that from the 'Vav' in "ve'Im".
What does Rebbi Yehudah learn from there?

(a) What principle does our Mishnah state regarding performing Semichah on a Korban? Who is obligated to perform Semichah?

(b) What does the Tana say about a Cheresh, Shoteh ve'Katan?

(c) Besides a blind person a Nochri (even on their own Korban) and a Sheli'ach, who else is exempt from performing Semichah?

(d) What does the Tana mean when he refers to Semichah as Sheyarei Mitzvah?

(a) The Tana also requires Semichah with both hands on the head of the Korban. What does he say about the corollary of the Semichah to the Shechitah ...
  1. ... location-wise?
  2. ... time-wise?
(b) The second of these statements renders the first redundant.
How will we later correlate between them?

(c) The Mishnah then exempts ...

  1. ... a Cheresh, Shoteh ve'Katan from Semichah?
  2. ... a Nochri from making Semichah on his own Korban?
(d) Rav Chisda and Rav Yitzchak bar Avdimi argue over the source of the Din exempting a blind person from Semichah. They both learn it from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' 'Semichah' 'Semichah'; one of them, from 'Ziknei ha'Eidah'.
In which connection is ...
  1. ... this written?
  2. ... the second "Semichah" written?
(a) On what grounds does ...
  1. ... the second opinion prefer to learn it from Olas Re'iyah rather than from Ziknei ha'Eidah?
  2. ... the first opinion prefer to learn it from Ziknei ha'Eidah rather than from Olas Re'iyah?
(b) The Beraisa learns the Din of Semichah by Olas Re'iyah from a Pasuk in Shemini (in connection with the eighth day of the Milu'im). How does the Tana derive it from "Va'yakrev es ha'Olah Va'ya'asehah ka'Mishpat"? What does "ka'Mishpat" mean?

(c) What does this to do with Olas Re'iyah?

Answers to questions



(a) Whom does the Beraisa preclude from Semichah, based on the Pasuk "ve'Samach Yado" besides one's Eved and one's Sheli'ach?

(b) Having taught us ...

  1. ... 'Avdo', why does the Tana find it necessary to add 'Shelucho'?
  2. ... 'Avdo' and 'Shelucho, why does the Tana find it necessary to add 'Ishto?
(a) What problem does the Beraisa have with the Pasuk "Ve'samach ... Ve'nirtzah"?

(b) So how does the Tana explain the Pasuk?

(c) In connection with which other Mitzvah does the Tana ask the same Kashya and give the same answer?

(a) From the Pasuk in Vayikra "Ve'samach es Yado al Rosh ... ", the Beraisa learns "Yado al ha'Rosh" 've'Lo Yado al ha'Tzavar'.
What does 'ha'Tzavar' mean?

(b) Which two other locations do we preclude from two of the other times that the Torah uses the same expression?

(c) Having precluded ...

  1. ... the Tzavar, why does the Tana need to add the back?
  2. ... the Tzavar and the back, why does he need to add the chest?
(a) We ask whether the side is included in Semichah or not.
What do we mean by 'the side'?

(b) And we answer with a Beraisa.
What does Aba Bira'ah b'Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say about this?

(c) How do we resolve the She'eilah whether a cloth is considered Chatzitzah regarding Semichah, or not?

(a) The Pasuk in Acharei-Mos (in connection with the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach) writes "ve'Samach Aharon es Sh'tei Yadav al Rosh ha'Sa'ir ... ".
What is strange about the spelling of the word "Yadav"?

(b) What principle does Resh Lakish learn from this?

(c) How does this affect our Mishnah?

(d) What did Rebbi Elazar do that made Resh Lakish angry?

(a) How many times does the Torah write the word "Yadav" spelt with the 'Vav' (such as "Yadav Tevi'enah"(in Tzav, in connection with the Tenufah of the Shelamim), "Yadav Rav Lo" (in Vayechi, in connection with Yehudah's B'rachah) and "Sikeil es Yadav" (ibid. in connection with the B'rachah of Menasheh and Efrayim)?

(b) What problem did Resh Lakish have with that?

(c) How did he catch Rebbi Elazar out with this Kashya? What should Rebbi Elazar have replied?

(d) What did he achieve with that?

(e) How did he go on to refute a second Kashya from the Pasuk in Pinchas (in connection with Yehoshua) "Vayismoch es Yadav Alav Vayetzaveihu"?

(a) Our Mishnah now discusses the Chumros of Semichah over Tenufah and vice-versa. The only Chumra of Semichah over Tenufah concerns a Korban belonging to Shutfim (partners).
What is it?

(b) Tenufah on the other hand, has three Chumros over Semichah. To begin with, it applies to Korbenos Tzibur as well as to Korbenos Yachid (whereas Semichah is restricted to a Korban Yachid).
To which Korban ...

  1. ... does Tenufah generally apply, and to which ...
  2. ... Korban Tzibur?
(c) It also applies to live animals as well as to Shechted ones.
Which Korban is waved alive (as well as after it has been Shechted)?

(d) What is the third Chumra of Tenufah over Semichah?

Answers to questions

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