REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Menachos 64
(a) Rabah then tries to equate Rebbi Yishmael in our Mishnah with Rebbi
Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim there.
Once again, we reject this suggestion on two scores. Why might ...
How does he do that?
(b) And again, we reject his suggestion on two scores.
Why might ...
(c) Rav Ashi then tries to equate Rebbi Yishmael with Rebbi Yossi in the
Mishnah in Rosh Hashanah. The Tana Kama there permits the witnesses of the
new moon to travel to Yerushalayim even on Shabbos, in order to testify,
even if the moon was seen in the middle of the sky.
- ... Rebbi Yishmael agree with the Rabbanan of Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim (who prescribe three men, three scythes, three boxes, even on Shabbos)?
- ... Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim agree with the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yishmael (who require three Sa'ah to be cut, even on Shabbos)?
What does Rebbi Yossi
(d) How does Rav Ashi now equate the two opinions?
- ... Rebbi Yishmael agree with the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yossi (who permit the witnesses to break Shabbos, even if the moon was seen in the middle of the sky)?
- ... Rebbi Yossi agree with the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yishmael?
(a) What does Rabah (or Rebbi Ami) say about a case where the Kohen Shechted
two Chata'os Tzibur on Shabbos ...
(b) We query this however, from another statement of Rabah, where he rules
that if the Kohen had two Chata'os Tzibur before him on Shabbos, a strong
one and a weak one, and he Shechted them in that order, he is Chayav. What
does he say about a case where he Shechted ...
- ... where only one was needed?
- ... where, in addition, the blood of the first one spilled, and it was the second one that ultimately attained the Kaparah ...
- ... or where the first one turned out to be weak? What would then be the case?
(c) How does Rabah now appear to contradict himself?
- ... them in the reverse order?
- ... the weak one only? Why is that?
(d) One answer to this Kashya is that the author of this second statement is
not Rabah, but Rebbi Ami.
What is the other answer?
(a) Ravina asked Rav Ashi about a case where someone Shechted the second
Chatas, when the first one which initially appeared to be strong, was later
discovered to have had weak intestines.
What are the two sides to the
She'eilah? According to whom did he ask?
(b) Rav Ashi replied by citing a Machlokes between Rabah and Rava, who
discuss a case where a child had fallen into the sea on Shabbos, and someone
cast a net to catch fish, and he caught fish plus the child.
What do they
both rule in a case where he caught only fish?
(c) If he caught the child as well, Rabah holds that he is Patur.
does Rava say (though some reverse the opinions)?
(a) In the second Lashon, Rav Ashi connects the two sides of Ravina's
She'eilah to the Machlokes (Rabah holds Patur, Rava, Chayav).
What does he
say in the first Lashon? In what way is the case of the net different than
(b) In the first Lashon, why did they need to mention that the fisherman
knew that a child had fallen into the sea, seeing as that is not Rabah's
reason for saying Patur?
(a) If ten men ran and fetched ten figs on Shabbos, for a dangerously ill
man for whom the doctor has prescribed one fig, Rava absolves them all from
Answers to questions
What does he say in a case where ...
(b) Rava asked another She'eilah regarding a sick person who needs two figs,
and one is faced with either cutting two figs on one stalk, or cutting three
figs on one stalk. What is the problem with cutting three figs on one
stalk (there where two are permitted)?
- ... they all left at different times? Why is that?
- ... the first fig had already cured him by the time the others arrived?
(c) How do we resolve the She'eilah?
(d) How is this different from Rebbi Yishmael, who limits the cutting of the
Omer to three Sa'ah, forbidding five?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about the location from which the barley for
the Omer has to be cut?
(b) Does this mean that if the barley crops in the vicinity of Yerushalayim
are late that year, one is not permitted to bring them from further afield?
(c) What did they once have to bring ...
(d) During the civil war between the two ChaShimona'i brothers, Hurkanus and
Aristobulus, when the former besieged Yerushalayim, how did those inside the
city manage to bring Korbanos?
- ... from Gagos Tzerifin"?
- ... from Ein Socher?
(a) What idea did a certain traitor inside Yerushalayim convey to the
besieging army? What were his credentials?
(b) How did the besieging army act upon that advice?
(c) What happened as a result of that?
(d) Which curse did the Chachamim subsequently issue (besides the one on
whoever reared Chazerim)?
(a) What does this episode have to do with the Seifa of our Mishnah (see
also Tosfos DH 've'al Osah Sha'ah')?
(b) What problem arose the following Pesach and Shavu'os, as a result of the
siege (even assuming that it had already been lifted)?
(c) Who, in reply to the announcement, advised the men of Yerushalayim to
fetch barley from Gagos Tzerifin, and wheat from Ein Socher, when Pesach and
Shavu'os respectively, arrived? If he was a Cheresh, how would he have heard
the initial announcement?
(d) Since he was unable to speak (or, it appears write), how did he tell
them about ...
- ... Gagos Tzerifin (when Pesach came round)?
- ... Ein Socher (when Shavu'os arrived)?
(a) Who was the one to decipher the Cheresh's hints?
(b) How did he do it?
(a) Three women brought their Kinin (following Zivus).
What is a 'Kein'?
(b) How did the Kohanim initially explain the 'le'Zivasi' said by the one,
the 'le'Yamasi', by the second, and the 'le'Onasi' said by the third?
(c) How did Mordechai interpret these expressions?
(d) What difference would it have made whether they were actually Kinei
Zivus, or whether the women had designated them as thanks for being saved?
(a) The Mishnah in Shekalim states that Pesachyah was in charge of the
So we conclude that Mordechai was an expert in deciphering double names such
as Gagos Tzerifin and Ein Socher.
Who was Pesachyah? Why was he called by that name?
(b) What objection do we raise to the statement that he also knew all
(c) The members of Sanhedrin had to be wise, good-looking and tall.
other two qualities did they require (in addition to knowing all seventy
(d) Why did they need to know ...
- ... the rudiments of witchcraft?
- ... all languages?
What other nickname did that earn him?
Answers to questions