REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf MENACHOS 50
(a) What problem do we have with our Mishnah 'she'Ein Mechanchin ... Mizbe'ach ha'Olah Ela be'Tamid shel Shachar'?
(b) How do we therefore amend the previous statement 'Lo Hikrivu Keves ba'Boker, Lo Yakrivo bein ha'Arbayim'? What do we add to that?
(a) How does the Beraisa learn the above from the Pasuk in Tetzaveh "ve'es ha'Keves ha'Sheini Ta'aseh bein ha'Arbayim"?
(b) How does the Tana know that the Pasuk is talking specifically about the inauguration of the Mizbe'ach?
(c) And what does he learn from the Pasuk in Pinchas "ve'es ha'Keves ha'Sheini Ta'aseh bein ha'Arbayim, ke'Minchas ha'Boker"?
(d) How do we then explain the earlier Pasuk there "es ha'Keves Echad Ta'aseh ba'Boker, ve'es ha'Keves ha'Sheini Ta'aseh bein ha'Arbayim"?
(a) Rebbi Shimon learned in our Mishnah that if the Kohanim deliberately failed to bring the Tamid shel Shachar, they may no longer bring the Tamid shel bein ha'Arbayim. What is the problem with that?
(b) How does Rava solve the problem?
(c) Why does Rebbi Shimon not penalize the Kohanim who failed to bring the Ketores shel Shachar, in the same manner?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav is inaugurated with the Ketores shel bein ha'Arbayim (see Shitah Mekubetzes 3). What problem do we have with this?
(b) What does Abaye prove from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "ba'Boker ba'Boker be'Heitivo es ha'Neiros Yaktirenah"?
(c) What does that have to do with our She'eilah concerning the Ketores?
(d) In that case, what is the source of the Tana who holds that the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav is inaugurated with the Ketores shel Shachar?
(a) We extrapolate from the Mishnah's ruling 've'Lo es ha'Shulchan Ela be'Lechem ha'Panim be'Shabbos', that the Lechem ha'Panim will become sanctified even if they are placed on the Shulchan during the week. What is the problem with that?
(b) We answer that the Tana maintains that the Lechem too, is sanctified only on Shabbos. How do we prove this from the Seifa, 've'Lo es ha'Menorah Ela be'be'Shiv'ah Neirosehah bein ha'Arbayim'?
(a) How does Rav Papa explains the Beraisa's statement 'Zehu Ketores she'Alsah le'Yachid al Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon; ve'Hora'as Sha'ah Haysah'?
(b) Why might have we have thought that ...
1. ... a Yachid is obligated to bring the Nedavah of Ketores which he undertook on the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav?
2. ... the Tzibur is obligated to keep their word, even if a Yachid is not?
(c) From which Pasuk in Ki Sisa do we learn that neither of these suppositions is correct?
(d) And what do we learn from the Pasuk there "es Shemen ha'Mishchah ve'es Ketores ha'Samim la'Kodesh, ke'Chol Asher Tzivisicha Ya'asu"?
(a) We can extrapolate two things from the statement 'Eizehu Ketores she'Alsah le'Yachid al Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon'. One of them is that a Yachid may donate Ketores to bring on the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores. What is the other?
(b) What is the problem with both of these inferences?
(c) Rav Papa answers 'Lo Miba'i ka'Amar'. What does he mean by that?
Answers to questions50b-------------------50b
(a) Our Mishnah describes the Chavitei Kohen Gadol (the Minchas Chavitin). Why was it called by that name?
(b) What did it comprise?
(c) How was it ...
1. ... burned on the Mizbe'ach?
2. ... brought to the Azarah?
(a) The Tana discusses the Din of a Kohen Gadol who died after bringing the first half of his Minchah, and a new Kohen Gadol was appointed in his place. By when must he have been appointed for the Mishnah's ruling to be relevant?
(b) If the new appointee does not bring half an Isaron from his house, and the second half of his predecessor's Minchah, then what does he do? (c) What happened to the two remaining halves?
(a) In the event that they did not appoint another Kohen Gadol, Rebbi Shimon maintains that the Tzibur is obligated to bring the afternoon Minchas Chavitin. What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) Either way, how does the Halachah differ between where the Kohen Gadol brings the afternoon Minchas Chavitin, and where somebody else brings it?
(c) We learn that the Kohen Gadol brings the full Isaron for the Minchas Chavitin before dividing it into two halves, from the Pasuk in Tzav "Machtzisah ba'Boker ... ". From where does the Beraisa learn that the same applies in a case where ...
1. ... the second half of the Minchas Chavitin became Tamei or lost?
2. ... the Kohen Gadol died after bringing the first half of his Minchah and they appointed a replacement before the Tamid shel bein- ha'Arbayim has been brought?
(a) What problem did Rav Nachman have with the Beraisa cited by a Beraisa expert - 'Mechtzah Rishon u'Mechtzah Sheini, Te'ubar Tzurasan ve'Yeitz'u le'Beis ha'Sereifah'?
(b) Why did he not have a problem with the first half?
(c) So he established the Beraisa like Tana de'Bei Rabah bar Avuhah. What does Tana de'Bei Rabah bar Avuhah say about the Din of Ibur Tzurah?
(d) Rav Ashi concludes that the Beraisa can even go like the Rabbanan. How is that possible? Why might the second half, which is Pasul to begin with, require Ibur Tzurah?
(a) According to Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Chanina, the Minchas Chavitin was first baked and then fried. What does Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Chanina say?
(b) They argue over how to Darshen the acronym of the word "Tufinei". Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Darshens 'Te'afenah Na'ah'. What does this mean" How does it clash with Rav Asi's opinion?
(c) How does Rav Asi Darshen "Tufinei"?
(d) Their Machlokes also appears in a Beraisa, where Rebbi Darshens like Rav Asi. What does Rebbi Dosa mean when he says there 'Te'afenah Rabah'?
(a) The Mishnah in Sh'tei ha'Lechem discusses the kneading, the shaping and the baking of the Minchas Chavitin. What does the Tana say there about ...
1. ... the location where all these are performed?
2. ... performing these Melachos on Shabbos?
(b) Rav Huna learns the latter Halachah from "Tufinei". How does he do that?
(c) On what grounds does Rav Yosef refute Rav Huna's proof? How could one prevent the loaves from swelling?
Answers to questions
(a) What does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael Darshen from "al Machavas ba'Shemen Te'aseh"?
(b) How does ...
1. ... Abaye learn this from the Pasuk "So'les Minchas Tamid"?
2. ... Rava, who has the support of a Beraisa, learn it from "al Machavas"?