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Menachos 42


(a) What does the Beraisa prove from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "Va'yikacheinu be'Tzitzis Roshi"? What does 'Anaf' mean?

(b) Abaye rules that one must separate them 'ki Tzutzisa de'Arma'i'.
What does this mean?

(c) According to the Tana Kama in the Beraisa, if one attached the Tzitzis to the Keren or to the G'dil, they are Kasher.
What is ...

  1. ... 'Keren'?
  2. ... 'G'dil'?
(d) What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say?
(a) Who is the author of the Beraisa which writes 'Tzitzis Tzerichah she'Tehei Notefes al ha'Keren'? What does this mean?

(b) What is his source for this ruling?

(c) According to Rebbi Ya'akov, how far from the edge of the garment must the Tzitzis be attached?

(d) Why do we need the rulings of both Rebbi Ya'akov and Rav Papa (who gave the Shi'ur earlier as within three finger-breadths)? What would we have thought had we only been given the Shi'ur of ...

  1. ... Rav Papa (but not that of Rebbi Ya'akov)?
  2. ... Rebbi Ya'akov (but not that of Rav Papa)?
(a) What did Rav Sama notice about the corner of Ravina's Tzitzis, when they were once sitting in front of Rav Ashi?

(b) What did Ravina reply when Rav Sama quoted Rebbi Ya'akov's previous ruling?

(c) What did Rav Ashi say about Ravina, to alleviate Rav Sama's embarrassment?

(a) Rav Acha bar Ya'akov would fold the four Tzitzis into eight before placing them through the hole in the Beged.
Why did he do that?

(b) What did he do next?

(c) And why did Rebbi Yirmiyah from Difti attach eight Tzitzis to the Beged, instead of four? Would he do next?

(d) What did Mar b'rei de'Revina used to do?

(a) What B'rachah would Rav Ada bar Ahavah do when attaching the Tzitzis to his Talis?

(b) What was Rav Nachman's reaction, when he once came across him doing that?

(c) This was based on a statement of Rav.
What did Rav say?

(a) When Rav Huna died, Rav Chisda asked how Rav could have said such a thing, in view of another ruling of his.
What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk in Sh'lach "Daber el B'nei Yisrael ... ve'Asu Lahem Tzitzis"?

(b) What Kashya did Rav Chisda pose on Rav from here?

(c) On what principle is this Kashya based?

(d) Rebbi Meir rules in a Beraisa that in a town where there is no Mohel, if there is a choice between a Nochri doctor and a Kuti, it is preferable for the former to perform the Milah.
Why is that?

(e) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(a) What B'rachah does one recite over the Milah?

(b) From which Tana do we now ask a Kashya on Rav?

(c) We answer this Kashya by pointing out that it is aimed at Rav, who follows his own reasoning.
What does Rav Papa in the name of Rav learn from the Pasuk in Lech-Lecha "va'Atah es B'risi Tishmor"?

(d) And how does Rebbi Yochanan learn it from "Himol Yimol"?

(a) What does the Beraisa say about 'Sukas Ovdei-Kochavim, Sukas Nashim, Sukas Beheimah ... ', provided they have sufficient S'chach?

(b) What B'rachah does a person recite when he comes to ...

  1. ... build himself a Sukah (though we do not do this nowadays)?
  2. ... sit in his Sucah?
(c) How does this support Rav Chisda's principle?
Answers to questions



(a) On the other hand, we query Rav Chisda's principle from Tefilin.
What does the Beraisa quoted by Rav Chin'na b'rei de'Rava from Pashranya say about a Seifer-Torah, Tefilin and Mezuzos written by ...
  1. ... a Miyn, a Masur or an Akum?
  2. ... an Eved, a woman or a Katan?
(b) What is the source for all this?

(c) We already cited Rav Chiya b'rei de'Rav Huna in the name of Rebbi Yochanan, regarding the B'rachah that one recites when putting on Tefilin shel Yad and Tefilin shel Rosh.
What can we infer from there regarding the B'rachah 'La'asos Tefilin'?

(d) What do we prove from there?

(a) How do we therefore change the criterion for which Mitzvos require a B'rachah? Why does ...
  1. ... Milah require a B'rachah even though a Nochri is permitted to perform it?
  2. ... neither Sukah nor Tefilin require a B'rachah ('La'asos Sukah' & 'La'asos Tefilin' respectively), the latter even though a Nochri is forbidden to perform it?
(b) What is then the basis of the Machlokes between Rav Nachman and Rav Chisda? Why does ...
  1. ... the latter hold that Tzitzis requires a B'rachah ('La'asos Tzitzis)?
  2. ...the former hold that it does not?
(c) Rav Mordechai cited Rav Yehudah Amar Rav differently.
According to his version, what does the latter learn from the Pasuk "Daber el B'nei Yisrael ... Ve'asu Lahem Tzitzis"?

(d) How does that resolve the contradiction in Rav (Rav Chisda's principle) with which we began?

(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav disqualifies Tzitzis that comprise loose threads hanging from a woven fabric.
Why does he refer to them as 'Kotzin'?

(b) He also incorporates Nimin (sewn threads that similarly extend from the garment) and Gardin.
What are 'Gardin'?

(c) Why are all of these Pasul?

(a) On the other hand, Rav validates thread taken from Sisin (a ball of wool).
What did Shmuel say when they told him of Rav's ruling? Why is that?

(b) We conclude that this a Machlokes Tana'im.
What does the Tana Kama of the Beraisa say about Tefilin ...

  1. ... that one overlaid with gold? Why is that?
  2. ... over which they placed the skin of a Tamei animal? Why is that?
(c) He permits covering the Tefilin however, with the skin of a Kasher animal, however.
On what grounds does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel invalidate it?

(d) Like whom do Rav and Shmuel (respectively) now hold?

(a) Abaye asked Rav Shmuel bar Rav Yehudah how he prepared Techeiles. He replied that he took the blood of a Chilazon and dyes.
What did he do with ...
  1. ... them?
  2. ... the little that he placed inside half an egg-shell?
(b) What do we learn from the fact that the wad of wool needs to be burned?

(c) How does Rav Ashi explain the statement that the dyeing must be done li'Shemah as an independent Limud, when really they are one and the same?

(d) And what do we learn from the fact that the contents of the egg-sell need to be burned?

(a) What does Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in in Tetzaveh "K'lil Techeiles"?

(b) And what does Rebbi Yochanan ben Dahavai learn from the Pasuk "u'Sheni Tola'as"? What does that have to do with Techeiles?

(c) We learned in a Beraisa that Techeiles cannot be examined.
Why does Techeiles require examination?

(d) What care does the Tana therefore require someone purchasing Techeiles to take?

(a) The same Tana requires Tefilin to be purchased from an expert, even though they can be examined (for extra or missing letters).
Why is that?

(b) In that case, why does the Beraisa conclude 'Sefarim u'Mezuzos ... Nikchin mi'Kol Adam'?

(c) What problem do we have with the opening statement of the Beraisa 'Techeiles Ein Lah Bedikah'?

Answers to questions

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