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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Menachos 31


(a) 'Ela Amar Rav Papa, a'Shidah'.
What does the Mishnah in Keilim say about a hive of straw or of canes ... or a cupboard that holds forty Sa'ah of liquid?

(b) According to Beis Shamai, these are all measured from the inside. What do Beis Hillel say?

(c) Rebbi Yossi maintains that the thickness of the legs and of the rim are counted in the forty Sa'ah.
What does he say, is not counted?

(d) Rebbi Shimon Shezuri qualifies Rebbi Yossi's ruling.
What distinction does he draw between legs that are a Tefach tall and legs that are less?

(a) 've'Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak Amar, a'Yayin'. In the Mishnah in Taharos, Rebbi Meir considers olive-oil a Rishon le'Tum'ah.
Which liquid do the Chachamim add to that?

(b) What problem do we have with Rebbi Shimon Shezuri, who says 'Af Yayin'?

(c) How do we therefore amend it?

(d) On what grounds does Rebbi Shimon Shezuri argue with the previous opinions?

(a) What did Rebbi Shimon Shezuri in a Beraisa, once ask Rebbi Tarfon with regard to Tevel of D'mai that fell into Chulin? What was the problem?

(b) Why was there a problem? Seeing as min ha'Torah, the Tevel was Bateil, why was it not a case of 'min ha'Petur al ha'Petur'?

(c) What did Rebbi Tarfon instruct him to do?

(d) Why did he instruct him to purchase crops from the market, and not from Nochrim?

(a) What did Rebbi Tarfon instruct Rebbi Shimon Shezuri to do, according to the second Lashon?

(b) Why did he not rather instruct him to buy from the market?

(c) Why would that create a problem?

(a) Why in fact, would this present a problem, even if he purchased the crops from a Nochri (as per Rebbi Tarfon's instructions)?

(b) So how do we amend the case? What sort of Tevel *was* Rebbi Shimon Shezuri talking about?

(c) How will this now explain Rebbi Tarfon's instructions, according to ...

  1. ... the first Lashon?
  2. ... the second Lashon?
(d) Why did Rebbi Tarfon not instruct Rebbi Shimon Shezuri to separate Ma'asros from the crops themselves, seeing as there was now a Chiyuv mi'de'Rabbanan?
(a) What did Rav Papa reply when Rav Yeimar bar Shalmaya asked him whether Ravin bar Chinena ... Amar Rebbi Chanina incorporated this latter Beraisa of 'Nis'arev Li Tevel be'Chulin', when he ruled like Rebbi Shimon Shezuri, wherever his name occurs?

(b) What Kashya did Mar Zutra quoting Mar Zutra from Sura, ask Rav Ashi concerning Rav Yeimar bar Shalmaya query?

Answers to questions



(a) What distinction does Rav Ze'ira (or Rav Ze'iri) ... Amar Rav draw between a tear that reaches a depth of two lines and one that reaches three?

(b) How does Rabah Zuti ... quoting Rava, qualify Rav's ruling? In which case will the tear not invalidate the Seifer-Torah, even if it reaches a depth of three lines?

(c) If 'Atikta' does not mean literally old, and 'Chadti', new, then what do they mean?

(d) What is now the reason for Rav's Chumra?

(a) And how does Rava qualify the concession to stitch a tear in a Seifer-Torah.
Under which condition will that be forbidden?

(b) What does Rav Yehudah bar Aba mean when he asks ...

  1. ... 'Bein Daf le'Daf Mahu'?
  2. ... 'Bein Shitah le'Shitah Mahu'?
(c) What is the outcome of both She'eilos?
(a) What does Rebbi Ze'iri Amar Rav say about a Mezuzah that is written only two words per line?

(b) They asked what the Din will be if it is written in a sequence of three, two and one words per line.
What did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak say about that?

(c) How do we reconcile this with the Beraisa which rules 'As'ah ke'Shirah O Shirah Kamosah, Pesulah'?

(d) Rabah (or Rav Acha) bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan too, validates a Mezuzah whose lines are written in the sequence of three, two and one. What does he mean when he goes on to invalidate one that is written ...

  1. ... like a tent?
  2. ... like a tail?
(a) What does Rav Chisda say about "al ha'Aretz" (the final words of a Mezuzah)?

(b) Some say that they belong at the end of the line.
What do others say?

(c) Both opinions are based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "ki'Gevohah Shamayim al ha'Aretz".
What is the reason of those who say that "al ha'Aretz" must be placed ...

  1. ... at the end of the line?
  2. ... at the beginning?
(a) According to Rav Chelbo, how would Rav Huna roll a Mezuzah?

(b) And what did he mean when he also testified that he wrote the first Parshah 'S'tumah'?

Answers to questions

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