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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Menachos 74


(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "u'Va be'Chol Avas Nashfo Ve'sheires"?

(b) In that case, why do we need a special Pasuk ("Ve'haysah la'Kohen ka'Minchah"), according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Shimon?

(c) But surely we know that too, from the Pasuk in Sh'lach-Lecha "Ve'chiper ha'Kohen al ha'Nefesh ha'Shogeges" (incorporating himself)?

(d) Which case of Meizid is it Pasuk referring to?

(a) In another Beraisa, Rebbi Shimon reiterates what he taught in the previous Beraisa, regarding the Minchas Chotei of a Kohen. His son Rebbi Elazar, disagrees with him however.
What do the Kohanim do with the Shirayim, according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon?

(b) What problem does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba quoting Rebbi Yochanan have with this? Why could he not have been referring to the Beis-Hadeshen on top of the Mizbe'ach? What exactly is that?

(c) What then, would be the alternative?

(d) What problem does Rebbi Yochanan have with establishing the statement with regard to that Beis-Hadeshen?

(a) Rebbi Aba asked 'Dilma le'Ibud?'
What did he mean by that?

(b) Why did they laugh at him?

(c) Rebbi Avin's father quoted a Beraisa "Kol Minchas Kohen Kalil Tih'yeh Lo Se'achel", 'la'Achilah Hikashtiv ve'Lo Le'Davar Acher'.
How might this be a support for Rebbi Aba's previous statement?

(a) Based on the Beraisa's comment, Abaye explains the Pasuk like this "Kol Minchas Kohen Lo Se'achel (Chovaso), Kalil Tih'yeh (Nidvaso)" See Shitah Mekubetzes 7.
On what grounds does Rava object to this interpretation?

(b) So how does *he* interpret it?

(c) To what is the Torah comparing the Kohen's Minchas *Nedavah*?

(d) Why does the Torah compare it to the Kohen Gadol's Minchas Chavitin, rather than his Minchas Chovah?

(a) As opposed to the Minchas Chovah, the Kohen's Minchas Nedavah is similar to the Minchas Chavitin, because it is common and is not brought to atone for a sin. In addition, it is 'Basim Reicheih'.
What might this mean?

(b) Initially, we counter that the Korban Chovah is 'Isaron' and 'Chovah'.
What does 'Isaron' mean, vis-a-vis a Korban Nedavah?

(c) What do we mean when we ask what the Rabbanan do with "Kol Minchas Kohen Kalil Tih'yeh Lo Se'achel"? To which Rabbanan does this refer?

(a) We reply with a Beraisa, which talks about 'Elyonah be'Kalil Toktar' and 'Tachtonah be'Lo Se'achel'.
What are 'Elyonah' and 'Tachtonah' referring to?

(b) What does the Beraisa learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Kalil" "Kalil" (one from the other)?

(c) Ravina asked whether a Kohen who ate the Eimurin (i.e. the lobe of the liver or the kidneys) of the Korban of a Kohen will be Chayav (just like he is Chayav for eating his Minchah) or not.
To which La'av is he ...

  1. ... not referring?
  2. ... referring?
(d) Rav Aharon resolves Ravina's She'eilah from a Beraisa quoting Rebbi Eliezer.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say, based on the fact that the Pasuk inserts "Kalil Tih'yeh" in the Pasuk of "Lo Se'achel"?
Answers to questions



(a) Our Mishnah lists Minchas Nesachim, Minchas Kohanim and Minchas Kohen Mashi'ach on the one hand, and the Sh'tei ha'Lechem and the Lechem ha'Panim, on the other.
What does the Tana say about ...
  1. ... the Minchas Nesachim, the Minchas Kohanim and the Minchas Kohen Mashi'ach?
  2. ... the Sh'tei ha'Lechem and the Lechem ha'Panim?
(b) How does the Tana describe each one's basic advantage?

(c) Why does the Tana not include in his list of things that go entirely on the Mizbe'ach ...

  1. ... the Olah?
  2. ... the Olas ha'Of?
  3. ... the Nesachim?
(a) When the Tana says '*ba'Zeh* Yafeh Ko'ach Mizbe'ach' (with regard to the first list), he is coming to preclude the opinion of Shmuel.
What does Shmuel say about someone who donates wine on its own?

(b) What does our Mishnah hold?

(c) What does Shmuel say about someone who donates Shemen on its own?

(d) Why does Shmuel differentiate between wine and oil in this regard?

(e) What do we then mean when we conclude that our Mishnah supports Shmuel?

(a) Why does the Tana not include in his list of things that are eaten entirely by the Kohanim ...
  1. ... the Chatas ha'Of?
  2. ... the Log Shemen shel Metzora?
(b) And why does the Tana say '*ba'Zeh* Yafeh Ko'ach Kohanim'?

(c) What does it come to preclude?

(a) Our Mishnah rules that all Menachos prepared in a K'li Shareis require three Matnos Shemen.
Which types of Minchah does this incorporate?

(b) In which order does the Kohen perform the Yetzikah, the Belilah and the Matan Shemen bi'Cheli?

(c) Which type of Minchah does not comprise Chalos?

(a) Rebbi holds 'Chalos Bolelan'.
What do the Chachamim hold?

(b) What distinction does the Mishnah draw between Chalos and Rekikin (wafers) with regard to the Matnos Shemen?

(c) How is the Meshichah performed?

(d) What happens to the remainder of the oil?

(a) We just learned 'Kol ha'Menachos ha'Na'asos bi'Cheli Te'unos Sheloshah Matanos'.
Which type of Minchah does this preclude? How many Matnos Shemen does it require?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Im Minchas Marcheshes Korbanecha, So'les ba'Shemen Te'aseh"?

(c) From where do we know that a Minchah al ha'Machavas requires Matan Shemen, too?

(d) And from where do we know that a Minchas Marcheshes requires Yetzikah and Belilah, too?

Answers to questions

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