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CHARTS FOR LEARNING THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Menachos Introductory Chart
THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF MINCHAH OFFERINGS
IS TENUFAH OR HAGASHAH REQUIRED?(1)
IS SHEMEN OR LEVONAH REQUIRED?
IS IT BROUGHT FROM WHEAT OR FROM BARLEY?
WHICH PART IS EATEN?(2)
|| All of it(8)
|| All of it
("M. KOHEN MASHI'ACH";
||All of it(17)
MINCHAS MA'AFEH TANUR
(1) "Hagashah" is the act of bringing the Minchah towards the south-west
corner of the Mizbe'ach, until the vessel holding the Minchah touches the
Mizbe'ach. When the Minchah requires both Tenufah and Hagashah, the Tenufah
is performed before the Hagashah (Menachos 61a).
(2) The part which is not eaten (for some types of Minchah offering, this is
only the Kometz, and for other types, this is the entire Minchah) is burned
upon the Mizbe'ach.
(3) The Minchas Nesachim is comprised of Soles (for the Minchah) and wine
(for the Nesachim, the libations), and it is brought with every Korban Olah,
Shelamim, and Todah. It is also brought with a Chatas Metzora and with an
Asham Metzora. The quantity of the oil and flour used in the Minchas
Nesachim depends on the type of animal with which it is being offered.
(4) The Minchas ha'Omer is offered on the second day of Pesach, on the
sixteenth of Nisan.
(5) The Omer is comprised of finely sifted barley flour ("Geres"), which has
been sifted through thirteen sieves.
(6) The Shtei ha'Lechem is brought with the Kivsei Atzeres on Shavuos.
(7) The Shtei ha'Lechem require Tenufah together with the Kivsei Atzeres.
(8) Kemitzah and Haktarah are not performed on the Shtei ha'Lechem, because
they Chametz and it is prohibited to bring any leaven upon the Mizbe'ach
(9) The two Bezichei Levonah, which are placed on the Shulchan with the
Lechem ha'Panim, are offered on the Mizbe'ach when the Lechem ha'Panim is
removed from the Shulchan.
(10) This is the Korban Chatas that is brought by an extremely poor person
for the sins of Tum'as Mikdash v'Kodashav, Shevu'as Bituy, and Shevu'as
ha'Edus (Vayikra 5:11).
(11) However, if the Minchah belongs to a either a Kohen or the wife of a
Kohen it is not eaten, but rather the entire Minchah is burned (Vayikra
6:16, Sotah 23a).
(12) The Gemara in Sotah (14a) states that "since she did an act of an
animal, therefore her Korban is comprised of food for an animal (barley)."
The Minchas Sotah is not brought finely ground ("Geres"), but rather as
unsifted flour ("Kemach") that still includes unwanted parts of the barley
(13) The Minchas Chavitin (which is also referred to as the Minchas Kohen
Gadol, or the Minchas Kohen Mashi'ach) is brought by the Kohen Gadol every
day. Half of it is offered with the Korban Tamid of the morning and half
with the Korban Tamid of the evening. The Minchas Chinuch is brought by
every Kohen upon the commencement of his service in the Beis ha'Mikdash. The
laws of the two are identical (Vayikra 6:13).
(14) Forty loaves, comprised of ten loaves of four different types, are
brought with the Korban Todah. The four types are Chalos Matzos (Matzos
mixed with oil), Rekikin (flat Matzos saturated with oil), Revuchah (or
"Soles Murbeches," Matzos made of boiled flour mixed with oil), and Chametz
(loaves of leavened bread) (Vayikra 7:12-13).
Twenty loaves, comprised of ten loaves of two different types (Chalos Matzos
and Rekikin), are brought with the Ayil of Shelamim of the Nazir (Bamidbar
The Ayil of the Milu'im was offered by Moshe Rabeinu during the seven days
of the Milu'im, and it was accompanied by thirty loaves, ten each of Chalos
Matzos, Rekikin, and Revuchah (Shemos 29, Vayikra 8).
From all of these three sets of Menachos, one loaf of every type is
separated as "Terumah." The Terumas Lachmei Todah and Nazir are eaten by the
Kohanim, and the Terumas ha'Milu'im was burned (Shemos 29:23, and Rashi
(15) Only the Lachmei *Terumah* requires Tenufah (see previous footnote).
They are waved together with the Chazeh, Shok, and fats of the Korban.
(16) The exception to this are the loaves of Chametz of the Lachmei Todah,
which do not require Shemen.
(17) The exception to this are the loaves of Terumas ha'Milu'im, which were
burned and not eaten (Shemos 29:23), as mentioned above. The Terumas Lachmei
Todah and Nazir are eaten by Kohanim, and all of the other loaves may be
eaten even by non-Kohanim, male and female alike (this is in contrast to all
other Menachos, which have the status of Kodshei Kodashim and may be eaten
only by male Kohanim). Even the Lachmei Nazir and Lachmei Todah of a Kohen
(and the loaves of the Milu'im, which were a Korban owned by Aharon
ha'Kohen) are eaten, unlike all other Menachos offered by Kohanim (see
above, footnote #11). The Rambam (in his introduction to Menachos) proves
from this latter Halachah that the Torah does not include Lachmei Todah and
Nazir in the category of Menachos. When the Mishnah or Gemara uses the term
"Minchah" in reference to them, it is merely a borrowed term.
(18) The Minchas Ma'afeh Tanur is brought either from Chalos Matzos, or from
Rekikin (Vayikra 2:4). According to Rebbi Shimon, it may also be brought
half from Matzos and half from Rekikin (Menachos 59a).
The Minchas Machavas and Minchas Marcheshes are comprised of Chalos Matzos,
and the Minchas Soles is brought as Soles, fine flour (and it is baked after
(19) Rebbi Shimon maintains that the Minchas Kohen Mashi'ach and the Minchas
Chinuch do not require Hagashah (since they are entirely burned as mentioned
above, footnote #11, and he maintains that a Minchah which is burned does
not require Hagashah).
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