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CHARTS FOR LEARNING THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Zevachim Chart #3
Zevachim Daf 7b
THE ANIMALS BROUGHT FOR KORBANOS
1st YEAR (1)
or 2nd YR.+ (2)
COW, SHEEP, or GOAT(3)
(SHOR, KEVES, or SE'IR)
|| 1st yr.(5)
|| Sheep or Goat(6)
|| 1st yr.(8)
||Sheep or Goat
(1) This refers to an animal from the age of *eight* days old until a full
year old ("mi'Sha'ah l'Sha'ah"; RAMBAM, Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 1:13).
However, l'Chatchilah one should bring only an animal that is at least *30*
days old, except in the case of a Bechor and a Pesach (ibid. 1:12).
(2) A cow is brought until it has reached the age of three full years. A
lamb or goat is brought until it has reached two full years. An animal older
than these ages is considered a "Zaken" (old) and may not be brought as a
Korban (ibid. 1:11).
(3) A one year-old cow is called an "Egel" (calf) in the Torah, while an
older one is called a "Par." A one year-old sheep is called a "Keves" (lamb)
in the Torah, while an older one is called an "Ayil" (ram). A one year-old
goat is called a "Se'ir Izim" (kid) in the Torah, while an older one is
called a "Se'ir" (ibid. 1:14).
(4) The exceptions to this are the Se'ir Chatas of a Nasi, the Par of a
Kohen Mashi'ach, and the Par of the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kipur, which are all
(5) The exceptions to this are the Par of a Kohen Mashi'ach and the Par of
the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kipur, which must be in their second year or older
(see above, footnote #3).
(6) The exceptions to this are the Chatas of a Nasi and the Chatas brought
by someone who accidentally served Avodah Zarah, both of which are a male
Se'ir, and the Chatas of a Kohen Mashi'ach (who ruled in error and acted
upon his ruling) and of the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kipur, both of which are a
(7) The exceptions to this are the Asham offerings of a Nazir and a Metzora,
which are both one year-old lambs.
(8) A two year-old animal may also be brought as a Bechor, but l'Chatchilah
one should bring the Bechor within a year of its birth (Bechoros 26b).
(9) A two year-old animal may also be brought as Ma'aser Behemah, but
l'Chatchilah one separates Ma'aser Behemah from all of the animals born in
one's flock three times a year (Bechoros 57b), and immediately upon
separating them, at the first festival that follows, one is obligated to
bring them to the Beis ha'Mikdash and offer them there (Rosh Hashanah 6a).
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