REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Zevachim 90
ZEVACHIM 89-90 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y. Mazel Tov
on the Bar Mitzvah of his son; may he grow to be a true Ben Torah and Yerei
Shamayim and bring his parents -- and all of Yisrael -- much Nachas!
(a) The Mishnah in Me'ilah discusses Kodshim Kalim which are taken out of
the Azarah before the Zerikah. Rebbi Eliezer says 'Ein Mo'alin Bahen, ve'Ein
Chayavin Aleihen Mishum Pigul, Nosar ve'Tamei'.
What does Rebbi Akiva
(b) How do we initially correlate Ravina bar Shilo (who rules 'Pasul') with
the Mishnah in Me'ilah?
(c) On what grounds does Rav Papa reject this explanation? How does he
establish the Beraisa?
(d) According to Rav Papa ...
- ... what is the basis of the Machlokes Tana'im?
- ... like whom will Ravina bar Shilo hold?
(a) What did Rav Papa say with regard to the same Machlokes regarding the
Sh'tei ha'Lechem that were taken out of the Azarah? In which case do they
(b) What will they both hold in a case where the Sh'tei ha'Lechem are still
outside whilst the Zerikah is being performed?
(c) How do we explain the discrepancy? Why does even Rebbi Akiva agree that
'Ein Zerikah Mo'eles le'Yotzei', in the case of the Sh'tei ha'Lechem?
(d) We learned in our Mishnah that 'Ofos Kodmos li'Menachos' because they
are Miynei Damim, and that 'Minchas Chotei Kodem le'Minchas Nedavah' because
it atones for a sin.
Why might we have thought that ...
- ... Menachos should take precedence over Ofos?
- ... a Minchas Nedavah should take precedence over a Minchas Chotei?
(a) We ask which takes precedence, a Minchas Sotah or a Minchas Nedavah.
What are the criteria involved?
(b) On what grounds do we ...
(c) How do we attempt to resolve the She'eilah from the Beraisa 'Zu Kodemes
le'Zu, she'Zu Ba'ah min ha'Chitin, ve'Zu Ba'ah min ha'Se'orin'? What do we
think this is referring to?
- ... initially extrapolate from our Mishnah 'Minchas Chotei Kodemes le'Minchas Nedavah', 'Ha Minchas Sotah, Lo'?
- ... refute that? What reason does the Tana give for a Minchas Chotei taking precedence over a Minchas Nedavah?
(a) On what grounds do we initially object to the suggestion that the Tana
is referring to the precedence of a Minchas Chotei over a Minchas Sotah?
What other reason ought the Tana to have given?
(b) How do we counter this argument?
(c) How do we resolve both problems with one stroke?
(a) The Torah writes in Vayikra (in connection with the Korban for 'Shemi'as
Kol') "Ve'hikriv es Asher la'Chatas Rishonah".
What is the problem with
(b) Then why does the Torah write "Rishonah"?
(c) Will this apply even to ...
(d) To whom does this latter case apply? Who was obligated to bring both?
- ... a Chatas Beheimah and an Olas Beheimah?
- ... a Chatas ha'Of and an Olas Beheimah?
(a) What do we now learn from ...
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer in a Beraisa mean when he says ...
- ... "ve'es ha'Sheini Ya'aseh Olah"?
- ... "u'Par Sheini ben Bakar Tikach le'Chatas" (see beginning of previous Amud)?
- ... "Ve'hikriv es Ashar la'Chatas Rishonah"?
(c) What problem does this create with what we just learned?
- ... (with regard to the Korban Oleh ve'Yoreid of Tum'as Mikdash) 'Kol Makom she'Nischalfah Chatas, Chatas Kodemes'?
- ... 've'Ka'an she'Nischalfah Olah, Olah Kodemes'.
What does this refer to?
- ... 'Chol Makom she'Shenayim Ba'in Tachas Echad, Chatas Kodemes'? What case is he referring to?
(d) How does Rava reconcile the two? How do we explain Rebbi Eliezer?
(a) In what order of precedence does the Beraisa place goats, lambs, rams
(b) How do we initially establish this Beraisa, posing a Kashya on the
Beraisa, which always gives priority to a Chatas?
(c) How do we therefore establish it to answer the Kashya?
(d) What is the reason for this sequence? Why do ...
- ...Parim precede Eilim and Eilim, Kevasim?
- ... Kevasim precede Izim (bearing in mind that both are Olos)?
(a) A Beraisa gives the Par Kohen Mashi'ach precedence over the Par He'elam
Davar shel Tzibur, and the Par He'elam Davar over the Sa'ir of the Nasi.
To which does the Tana give precedence, between the Par Avodas-Kochavim and
the Sa'ir Avodas-Kochavim?
(b) What is the problem with this?
(c) How do we partially parry this Kashya from the Reisha of the Beraisa?
(d) What still remains difficult?
(a) In Eretz Yisrael, they cited Rava bar Mari, who points to a missing
'Alef' in 'Chatas Avodas-Kochavim'.
How does that answer the Kashya?
(b) Ravina answers with the word "ka'Mishpat".
What does that teach us?
(c) How does this enable us to adjust the answer that we gave in the
previous Beraisa (regarding the Parei ha'Chag)?
(a) In a case where a Chatas ha'Of, an Olas Beheimah and a Ma'aser Beheimah
are waiting to be brought, what problem do we have in starting with the ...
(b) We conclude 'Hacha Targimu Miyn Zevach Adif'.
- ... Chatas ha'Of?
- ... Ma'aser?
- ... Olas Beheimah?
What do we mean by ...
(c) On what basis do we give Ma'aser Beheimah priority over Olas Beheimah?
- ... 'Hacha'?
- ... 'Miyn Zevach Adif'?
(d) What did they answer in Eretz Yisrael? Why is that?
(a) We already learned that a Chatas generally precedes an Asham.
makes an Asham Metzora different?
(b) All Ashamos must be in their second year, except for two.
(c) What other distinction marks the Asham Nazir and Asham Metzora?
(d) Just as they are brought first, so too, are they eaten first, our
Mishnah teaches us.
What is the Tana referring to?
(a) What takes precedence, between yesterday's Shelamim on the one hand, and
today's Shelamim or today's Chatas and Asham (according to Rebbi Meir) on
(b) What do the Chachamim say?
(c) What does the Tana say about the Kohen's manner of how to eat Kodshei
Kodshim? From where do we learn this?
(d) He is permitted to add spices of Chulin, and according to Rebbi Shimon,
even spices of Terumah.
On what grounds does Rebbi Meir dispute this?
(a) What do we ask with regard to Tadir and Mekudash?
Answers to questions
(b) We try to resolve this She'eilah from the Mishnah 'Temidin Kodmin
What do we prove from there?
(c) How do refute this proof?
(d) Similarly, we try to prove from the Mishnah 'Musfei Shabbos Kodmin
le'Musfei Rosh Chodesh', and then from 'Musfei Rosh Chodesh Kodmin le'Musfei
Rosh Hashanah' that Tadir takes precedence over Mekudash.
How do we refute