REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Zevachim 45
(a) From where do we know that a Nochri can donate Korbanos?
(b) Which three things, besides Shechutei Chutz, are Kodshei Ovdei-Kochavim
not subject to, according to Rebbi Shimon?
(c) He adds in a Beraisa that Kodshei Ovdei-Kochavim are not subject to
May one derive benefit from them?
(d) Neither can the owner declare a Temurah on them.
What does he mean
when he says that Nochrim cannot bring Nesachim?
(a) What does Rebbi Yossi say about all this? What is his reason?
(b) Which kind of Kodshim *are* subject to Me'ilah, even according to Rebbi
(c) Which of the above leniencies does Rebbi Shimon learn from ...
(d) If Rebbi Shimon exempts the Korban of a Nochri from the Isur of Tum'ah,
from "B'nei Yisrael", what does he learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' ...
- ... the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Chet" "Chet" from Terumah?
- ... the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Ish Ish mi'Beis Yisrael" (see Shitah Mekubetzes 1)?
- ... "Avon" "Avon"?
- ... "Chilul" "Chilul"?
(a) The Torah writes in Korach "Ki Sikchu me'es B'nei Yisrael", to preclude
Nochrim from Ma'aser Dagan.
What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
(b) What is the problem with ...
- ... in Re'ei "Aser Te'aser" (initially)?
- ... in Bechukosai "Ve'hayah Hu u'Semuraso"?
(c) How do we resolve the issue? On what basis are Nochrim not subject to
Ma'aser Beheimah even without the Hekesh to Ma'aser Dagan?
- ... this dual Limud?
- ... the answer 'Ma'aser Beheimah Chulin Hu?
(d) Seeing as they are not eligible to bring any obligatory Korbanos at all,
why do we add the clause 'she'Ein Lahem Z'man'?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Sh'lach-Lecha (in connection with
Answers to questions
(b) Bearing in mind that Rebbi Shimon precludes Nochrim from the aspects of
Kodshim learned above from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Chet" "Chet" from Terumah,
on what grounds does he confine that to Kodshei Mizbe'ach?
- ... "Kol *ha'Ezrach*"?
- ... "*Kachah* Ye'aseh la'Shor"?
(a) What does the Tana mean when he talks about 'Dam she'Nitma' being
Meratzeh? What enables blood that becomes Tamei to atone?
(b) And what does he mean when he rules that Dam she'Nitma ve'Zarko ...
(c) In which case does the Tana say ...
- ... be'Shogeg Hurtzah?
- ... be'Meizid Lo Hurtzah? Why can we not take this ruling literally?
- ... 'Hurtzah', even be'Meizid?
- ... 'Lo Hurtzah', even be'Shogeg?
(a) Why did the Rabbanan of Rav Papa think that the author of the latter
ruling cannot be Rebbi Yossi?
(b) What did Rav Papa say to them, based on the Pasuk in Tetzaveh (in
connection with the Tzitz) "le'Ratzon *Lahem*"?
(c) What did Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua ask on Rav Papa from the Pasuk
in Emor (in connection with Tum'ah) "Asher *Heim* Makdishim Li" (bearing in
mind that we are currently dealing with the opinion of Rebbi Yossi)?
(d) How does Rav Ashi finally preclude Ritzuy Tzitz from "*le'Ratzon*
(a) All the items that we precluded earlier in the Perek (such as the Kometz
and the Ketores) from the Isur of Pigul, our Mishnah includes in the Isur of
Nosar and Tamei, but one.
What is the one exception?
(b) Which three items is Rebbi Shimon coming to preclude when he restricts
the Din of Tum'ah to Kodshim that are edible?
(a) Why do we initially think that the Isur Tum'ah should only pertain to
Kodshim that has parts that are permitted both to the people and to the
(b) Pigul has three Chumros over Tum'ah. One of them is that it is
What does this mean?
(c) The second is that one Yedi'ah suffices, whereas Tum'ah requires a
Yedi'ah at the beginning as well as at the end.
When is the Yedi'ah
required in the case of Pigul?
(d) What is the third Chumra of Pigul?
(a) So what do we learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos (in connection with
Tum'as Kodshim) ...
(b) What is an example of ...
- ... "Asher Heim Makdishim Li"?
- ... "Asher Yikrav"? How does Rebbi Elazar explain this (seeing as one is not Chayav for touching Kodshim be'Tum'ah)?
(c) From where do we know that the same applies to Nosar?
- ... 'Yesh Lo Matirin'?
- ... 'Ein Lo Matirin'? When does such Kodshim become subject to Tum'ah?
(d) We suggest that one should rather learn Nosar from Tum'ah (than "Avon"
Avon" from Pigul) because it is similar to it in 'Gezel' (Guf, Zerikah and
'Guf' means that they are both Pesulei ha'Guf (as opposed to
Pigul which is a P'sul Machshavah).
What is the meaning of ...
- ... 'Zerikah'?
- ... 'Chilul'?
(a) We counter the above suggestion however, with the fact that Nosar is
similar to Pigul as regards 'Hutar, Tzitz, Tahor, bi'Z'man and Kareiv'.
Answers to questions
'Hutar' means that neither of them is permitted by a Korban Tzibur, 'Tzitz',
that the Tzitz does not atone for either of them, and Tahor, just like it
suggests, what do 'bi'Z'man' and 'Kareiv' mean?
(b) So we finally learn Nosar from Tani Levi.
What does Levi's Beraisa
learn from the Pasuk there (written before "Asher Heim Makdishim Li") "ve'Lo
*Yechalelu* es Sheim Kodshi"? What should the Torah otherwise have written?