REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Zevachim 41
ZEVACHIM 41-43 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) We just learned that according to Rebbi Yishmael, "la'Par" (in the Pasuk
in Vayikra) comes to include the Par He'elam Davar.
What is the problem
(b) The Torah needs to write it, Rav Papa explains, in order to learn the
Din of Yoseres and Sh'tei K'layos with a Hekesh from it to Se'irei
Avodas-Kochavim (as we shall see). From where do we learn that the Par
He'elam Davar requires the Yoseres and Sh'tei K'layos to be burned together
with the Cheilev?
(c) Which problem does this now create?
(d) How have we now solved it?
(a) We cite a Beraisa in support of Rav Papa. Quoting the Pasuk in
Sh'lach-Lecha (in connection with the Se'irei Avodas-Kochavim) "Ve'nislach
Lahem, ve'Heim Hevi'u es Korbanam ... ve'Chatasam ... al Shigegasam" (which
is all superfluous), the Tana explains that "ve'Chatasam" pertains to the
Answers to questions
How does he then explain "al Shigegasam"?
(b) And how does he explain the connection between them?
(c) We ask why Rebbi Yishmael finds it necessary to learn the Din of the
Yoseres and the Sh'tei K'layos by the Se'irei Avodas-Kochavim from
"ve'Chatasam", why can he not learn it from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ha'Chatas"
(from which we Darshened 'Lerabos Se'eirei Avodas-Kochavim')?
Rav Papa answer? Why might we not be able to learn the Yoseres and the
Sh'tei K'layos from the original D'rashah?
(a) Rav Papa confined the D'rashah "la'Par", 'Lerabos Par Yom ha'Kipurim' to
'es', 'be'Dam' and 'Tevilah'.
What does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael say?
(b) What did Rav Papa reply, when Rav Huna bar Nasan queried him from there?
(c) What Mashal does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael give to explain why the
- ... specifically mentions the Yoseres and the Sh'tei K'layos by the Par Kohen Mashi'ach but not by the Par He'elam Davar shel Tzibur?
- ... refers to the Paroches ha'Kodesh in the Parshah of the Par Kohen Mashi'ach, but not in the Parshah of the Par He'elam Davar shel Tzibur?
(a) Rebbi Meir learns in a Mishnah in Menachos 'Pigeil be'Kometz ve'Lo
bi'Levonah ... Pigul ve'Chayavin Alav Kareis'.
What do the Rabbanan say?
(b) Resh Lakish maintains that Rebbi Meir's reason is not because he holds
'Mefaglin be'Chatzi Matir.
Then what is it?
(c) He learns it from our Mishnah 'Lefichach Im Nasan Kulan ke'Tiknan
ve'Achas she'Lo ke'Tiknah, Pasul ve'Ein Bo Kareis'.
What does Resh Lakish
infer from there? Why can the author not be the Chachamim?
(d) What does this prove?
(a) Rav Shmuel bar Yitzchak establishes the author as the Rabbanan, and
'Kulan ke'Tiknan ... ', means 'ke'Tiknan le'Pigul'.
What is he saying?
(b) What is then the Chidush?
(c) We ask on him from the Lashon 'Kulan ke'Tiknan ve'Achas she'Lo
What is the Kashya? What should the Tana otherwise have said?
(d) How does Rava explain 'she'Lo ke'Tiknan' to corroborate Rav Shmuel bar
Yitzchak's explanation? What is then the Chidush?
(a) Rav Ashi establishes 'she'Lo ke'Tiknan' to mean she'Lo li'Shemo.
can we infer from the Mishnah, according to both Rava and Rav Ashi?
(b) Why can the author then not be the Rabbanan?
(a) We answer 'Aydi de'Tana Reisha Pigul ve'Chayavin Alav Kareis ... '.
Answers to questions
What do we mean by that?
(b) Who is then the author?
(c) Then why did the Mishnah present the Seifa by 'she'Lo ke'Tiknan'?
(d) And why did the Tana need to learn Chutz li'Mekomo or she'Lo li'Shemah
in the Reisha (by Chata'os ha'Chitzonos)?