POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 88
ZEVACHIM 88 - Dedicated by Dr. and Mrs. Moshe & Rivka Snow of Queens, N.Y.,
in memory of Rabbis Israel Snow and Baruch Mayer Rabinowitz -- both of whose
Yahrzeits are 8 Elul.
1) AIRSPACE OF THE "MIZBE'AC"H (cont.)
(a) (Rav Simi Bar Ashi): Rather, we must say that the
airspace is like the Mizbe'ach - if not, how can we do
Haza'as Dam of a Pasul Chatas ha'Of or Zerikas Dam of
Pasul Zevachim (i.e. animals)?!
1) Kli Shares ARE Mekadesh
1. Once the blood leaves the bird or the bucket, it
Yarad from the Mizbe'ach!
(b) Question: Perhaps the blood is put directly on the
Mizbe'ach, it does not pass through the air.
(c) Objection #1: That is not Haza'ah (or Zerikah), it is
Mitzuy (or Shefichah, pouring)!
(d) Objection #2: That is not the normal way to do Haza'ah or
(e) (Conclusion: We must say that the airspace is like the
(f) (Rav Ashi): If a Kohen is holding a Korban on the
Mizbe'ach, surely it is as if the Korban is on the
1. The question is, is the Mizbe'ach Mekadesh something
hanging on a reed in its airspace.
(g) The question is unsettled.
(a) (Mishnah): Klei Lach (Klei Shares that hold liquids) are
Mekadesh (Kodshim) liquids, dry measures are Mekadesh dry
2) WE DO NOT REPAIR "KLEI SHARES"
(b) Klei Lach are not Mekadesh dry, dry measures are not
(c) If Klei Kodesh became punctured:
1. If they still perform their original (or a similar)
function when they were intact, they are Mekadesh;
if not, not;
(d) All of these are Mekadesh only in the Azarah.
(e) (Gemara -Shmuel): This only applies to (liquid) measures,
but buckets (even though they hold liquids, i.e. blood)
are Mekadesh dry;
1. We learn from the Menachos in the buckets donated by
the Nesi'im - "Shneihem Mele'im Soles".
(f) Question (Rav Acha mi'Difti): A Minchah (of flour is
kneaded with oil,) it is like a liquid!
(g) Answer #1 (Ravina): Surely, some of the flour was not
kneaded well and is dry - we learn from the dry part.
(h) Answer #2 (Ravina): Compared to blood, a Minchah is
(i) Version #1 (Shmuel): Klei Shares are Mekadesh only if
they are intact and full; they Mekadesh only what is
(j) Version #2 (Shmuel): Klei Shares are Mekadesh only if
they are intact and full; they Mekadesh only Bifnim
(Rashi - inside the Azarah; Tosfos - in the interior of
the Kli, not in a cavity hollowed out in its outer wall).
(k) Question: What is the difference between these versions?
(l) Answer: Version #1 excludes a heaping excess (above the
brim), Version #2 does not.
(m) (Beraisa): Klei Shares are Mekadesh only if they are
intact and full; they Mekadesh only what is inside,
(n) (R. Asi): This is only if one does not intend to fill the
measure - if he intends, every amount put inside
immediately becomes Mekudash.
(o) Support (Beraisa): "Mele'im" - Klei Shares are Mekadesh
only if they hold the complete quantity;
1. R. Yosi says, this is only if he does not intend to
complete the measure - if he intends, every amount
put inside immediately becomes Mekudash.
(p) Version #1 (Mishnah): Klei Lach are not Mekadesh...
(q) (Rav or Rav Asi): They do not Mekadesh (dry) to be
offered, but they Mekadesh it to become Pasul (if it will
leave the Azarah or be touched by a Tevul Yom).
(r) Version #2 (Beraisa): The following may not be brought
from Meduma (Rashi - Terumah mixed with Chulin; Tosfos -
a mixture forbidden to everyone, e.g. Orlah and Chulin),
all the more so not from Orlah or Kilai ha'Kerem:
1. Menachos, Nesachim, the Minchah brought with a
Behemah, and Bikurim.
(s) (Rav or Rav Asi): It is not Kodesh to be offered, but it
is Kodesh to become Pasul (i.e. it cannot be redeemed).
2. If it was brought, it is not Kodesh.
(a) (Beraisa): If Klei Kodesh became punctured, we do not fix
them by melting them or pouring molten lead on them (in
the place of wealth (Hekdesh), there are no signs of
1. If they became blunted, we do not fix them; if a
knife became nicked, we do not sharpen it (Rashi -
if the nick was so big that after sharpening, it
will be recognizable that there was once a nick); if
the handle came off, we do not return it.
(b) (Beraisa): We do not sew Bigdei Kehunah with a needle,
they are woven;
2. Aba Sha'ul says, there was a knife in the Mikdash
that often became nicked (with small nicks),
disqualifying slaughter - they voted, and put it in
(c) We may not launder Bigdei Kehunah in Ohel (aloe) or Neser
(d) Question: This implies that we may launder them in water!
(e) Answer (Abaye): It means, if they are only slightly dirty
and it would suffice to launder them in water, we may
launder them in Ohel or Neser;
(f) If they are so dirty that they need to be laundered in
Ohel or Neser, they may not be laundered even in water;
3) "BIGDEI KEHUNAH" PROVIDE ATONEMENT
(g) Some say, they may never be laundered - in the place of
wealth, there are no signs of poverty.
(a) (Beraisa): The Me'il was made entirely of (wool dyed
with) Techeiles - "Va'Ya'as Es Me'il ha'Efod...Kelil
1. The bottom was made of (three different colors of
wool -) Techeiles, Argamon and Tola'as Shani twined
together, and the forms of pomegranates with closed
mouths, like buttons that children hang from their
(b) (R. Eineini bar Sason): They argue similarly regarding
2. Seventy-two bells with clappers are hung (our text,
Ramban (Chumash) - in the pomegranates; Rashi,
presumably he had the text of Shitah Mekubetzes -
each between two pomegranates), 36 in front and 36
3. R. Dosa says, there were 36, 18 in front and 18 in
1. (Mishnah - R. Dosa bar Hurkinus): There are 36 Tamei
colors of Tzara'as (in all, including Tzara'as of
clothing and houses);
(c) Question (R. Eineini bar Sason): Why did the Torah write
the Parshah of Korbanos next to that of Bigdei Kehunah?
2. Akavya ben Mehalalel says, there are 72.
(d) Answer: This teaches that just as Korbanos Mechaper, also
1. The Kesones atones for murder - (when Yosef's
brothers planned to kill him) "Va'Yitbelu Es
(e) Question: But R. Yehoshua ben Levi taught, there are two
things that Korbanos do not atone for, murder and Lashon
ha'Ra, the Torah gave other atonements for them:
2. The Michnesayim atone for Giluy Arayos -
"...Michnesei Vad Lechasos (i.e. cover up) Besar
3. The Mitznefes atones for haughtiness.
4. Question: What is the source of this?
5. Answer (R. Chanina): It is proper that something
worn at the highest place (the head) atones for
6. The Avnet atones for thoughts of the heart, for it
is worn there.
7. The Choshen atones for (improper) judgment -
"V'Asisa Choshen *Mishpat*".
8. The Efod atones for idolatry - "V'Ein Efod u'Srafim"
(implies that when there is an Efod, there is no
(liability for) idolatry.
9. The Me'il atones for Lashon ha'Ra.
10. Question: What is the source of this?
11. Answer (R. Chanina): It is proper that something
with a voice (the bells on the Me'il are heard when
the Kohen Gadol walks) atones for misuse of voice.
12. The Tzitz atones for audacity - "V'Hayah Al Metzach
i. The forehead is where audacity is seen -
"U'Metzach Ishah Zonah Hayah Lach".
1. Eglah Arufah atones for murder, Ketores atones for
(f) Answer - part 1: We can resolve murder - Eglah Arufah
atones (for Benei Yisrael) when we do not know who was
the murderer, the Ketores atones when we know.
2. Question (R. Chanina): What is the source that the
Ketores atones (for Lashon ha'Ra)?
3. Answer: "Va'Yiten Es ha'Ketores va'Ychaper Al ha'Am"
(Rashi - Benei Yisrael had spoken Lashon ha'Ra about
Moshe and Aharon.)
4. (Beraisa - Tana d'vei R. Yishmael): Ketores atones
for Lashon ha'Ra - it is offered covertly (in the
Heichal), it atones for things said covertly.
5. Summation of question: But above, we said that the
Ketores and Me'il atone for murder and Lashon ha'Ra!
1. Question: If we know the murderer, we kill him (no
other atonement is needed!)
(g) Answer - part 2: We can resolve Lashon ha'Ra - the
Ketores atones for covert Lashon ha'Ra, the Me'il atones
for Lashon ha'Ra said in public.
2. Answer: The case is, we cannot execute him for he
was (Mezid but was) not warned.