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Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 63
ZEVACHIM 62-63 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) WHERE "KEMITZAH" MAY BE DONE
(a) (Mishnah): Kemitzah of Menachos is Kosher anywhere in the
2) "AVODOS" PERFORMED AT THE SOUTHWEST CORNER
(b) (The rest of) the Minchah is eaten within the hangings
(of the Chatzer of the Mishkan, or (in the Beis
ha'Mikdash) in the Azarah), by male Kohanim for one day
and a night until midnight.
(c) (Gemara - R. Elazar): If Kemitzah was done in the
Heichal, it is Kosher, for we remove the Levonah from the
Lechem ha'Panim in the Heichal, and this corresponds to
(d) Question (R. Yirmeyah - Beraisa): "V'Komatz mi'Sham" -
anywhere a Yisrael (who brought the Minchah) may stand is
Kosher for Kemitzah.
1. Ben Beseira expounds "Mi'Sham" - if he took the
Kometz with his left hand, he should return it to
the vessel and do Kemitzah with his right hand, i.e.
from the place he already took from.
(e) Answer (R. Yirmeyah; some say, R. Yakov): The first Tana
merely learns that the entire Azarah is Kosher;
1. One might have thought, since Minchah is Kodshei
Kodoshim like Olah, Kemitzah must be in the north,
just like slaughter and Kabalah of an Olah must be
in the north.
(f) (R. Yochanan): If Shelamim was slaughtered in the
Heichal, it is Kosher;
2. Question: We cannot learn from Olah, for it is
3. Answer: We would have thought to learn from Chatas.
4. Question: We cannot learn from Chatas, for it atones
for Chayavei Kerisus!
5. Answer: We would have thought to learn from Asham.
6. Question: We cannot learn from Asham, for it is a
Korban with blood (i.e. animate)!
7. Answer: We would have thought to learn from the Tzad
ha'Shavah of Olah, Chatas and Asham.
8. Question: We cannot learn from them, for all of them
9. Correction: Rather, since it says "Vehegishah El
ha'Mizbe'ach", and it says "Veherim Mimenu b'Kumtzo"
one might have thought, just like Hagashah is to the
southwest corner, also Kemitzah. (According to our
text, the latter verse is in a different Parshah
from the former, it is not clear how we learn from
one from the other, and why this verse was cited
(earlier verses refer to Kemitzah, e.g. Vayikra
2:2).. Perhaps the latter verse should read "Veherim
ha'Kohen Min ha'Minchah Es Azkarasah" (Vayikra 2:9),
which refers to Kemitzah, and comes right after
i. Therefore, "Mi'Sham" teaches that Kemitzah may
be anywhere in the Azarah.
1. It says "U'Shchato Pesach Ohel Mo'ed" - the Tefel
(the Azarah, which is valid for slaughter only
because it faces the Heichal) should not be greater
(more Kosher for slaughter) than what is primary
(g) Question (Beraisa - R. Yehudah ben Beseira) Question: If
Nochrim surrounded (and were shooting projectiles into)
the Azarah, what is the source to permit Kohanim to enter
the Heichal to eat (safely) Kodshei Kodoshim?
1. Answer: "B'Kodesh ha'Kodoshim Tochalenu"
(h) Answer: A slave serves in front of his master -
therefore, it is even more proper to slaughter in a more
2. Summation of question: Why is this verse needed? It
says "Ba'Chatzer Ohel Mo'ed Yochluha" - the Tefel
(the Azarah) should not be greater than what is
primary (the Heichal)!
1. A slave does not eat in front of his master -
therefore, it is less proper to eat in a more Kadosh
(a) (Mishnah): Chatas ha'Of was offered at the southwest
corner of the Mizbe'ach;
1. It is Kosher anywhere (on the Mizbe'ach), but this
is its place (this will be explained).
(b) Three things are done at this corner on top of the
Mizbe'ach, and three at the bottom:
1. Below - Chatas ha'Of, Hagashah of Menachos, and
pouring Shirayim of blood on the Yesod;
(c) Anyone who ascends (and must walk around the Mizbe'ach)
ascends on the right side, goes around, and descends on
the left side;
2. Above - pouring Nesachim of wine, water (on Sukos)
and offering Olas ha'Of when the southeast corner
(its proper place) was too crowded.
1. The only exceptions are for these three things (done
above at this corner) - the Kohen (goes straight to
his left) and descends the way he came.
(d) (Gemara) Question: What is the source of this (that
Chatas ha'Of is offered in the southwest)?
(e) Answer (R. Yehoshua): "Lo Yasim Aleha Shemen v'Lo Yiten
Aleha Levonah Ki Chatas Hi" - the Torah calls the Minchah
(of a sinner) a Chatas, and vice-versa;
1. Version #1 (Our text, Riva (brought in Shitah
Mekubetzes ): Just as (Kabalas ha'Dam of) a
Chatas (Behemah) must be in the north, also Kidush
Kemitzah (putting it into another Kli) of a Minchah;
(f) (Mishnah): It is Kosher anywhere, but this is its place.
2. Version #2 (Rashi): Just as Chatas Lo Lishmah is
Pasul, also a Minchah;
3. Version #3 (R. Chayim in Tosfos): Just as Chatas
ha'Of must be offered at a corner above the Yesod,
also Hagashah of a Minchah;
4. Version #4 (R. Tam): Just as the right hand must be
used for Chatas, also for a Minchah. (End of Version
5. Also - just as Hagashah of a Minchah must be at the
southwest corner, also Haza'ah of Chatas ha'Of.
6. Question: What is the source that Hagashah must be
in the southwest?
7. Answer (Beraisa) Suggestion: "Lifnei Hash-m" (i.e.
facing the Heichal) - perhaps this is in the west!
i. Rejection: "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach" (the south).
8. Suggestion (R. Eliezer): Perhaps Hagashah may be
done at the western or southern side of the
ii. Suggestion: "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach" - perhaps
this is in the south!
iii. Rejection: "Lifnei Hash-m".
iv. To fulfill both verses, it suffices to do
Hagashah at the edge of the southwest corner.
9. Rejection: If there are two verses and it is
possible to fulfill both of them, we do so, rather
than fulfilling one in a way that precludes
fulfilling the other;
i. If Hagashah would be done on the west side, we
would not fulfill "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach (the
10. Question: How does this fulfill "Lifnei Hash-m"?
ii. Rather, it is done on the south side, we also
fulfill "Lifnei Hash-m".
11. Answer (Rav Ashi): R. Eliezer holds that the
Mizbe'ach is entirely in the north (so the entire
south side faces the Heichal.)
(g) Question: What does this mean?
(h) Answer (Rav Ashi): Melikah is Kosher anywhere (on the
Mizbe'ach), but Haza'ah is in the southwest corner.
(i) The following Beraisa may be derived from our Mishnah.
1. (Beraisa): Melikah is Kosher anywhere on the
Mizbe'ach; if Haza'ah was done in any place, it is
i. (If Haza'ah was done but not Mitzuy (pressing
the bird against the Mizbe'ach to squeeze out
remaining blood), it is Kosher - Shitah
Mekubetzes deletes this from the text -) this
is provided that it was below the Chut
ha'Sikra, and it was Dam ha'Nefesh.
2. Question: What does this mean?
3. Answer: Melikah is Kosher anywhere on the Mizbe'ach;
Mitzuy is Kosher anywhere on the Mizbe'ach, for if
Haza'ah was done but not Mitzuy, it is Kosher;
i. Haza'ah must be below the Chut ha'Sikra, it
must be Dam ha'Nefesh.