POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Zevachim 6
ZEVACHIM 6 - dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving
memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Irving
Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and is dearly
missed by all who knew him. His Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.
1) DO HEIRS ACQUIRE A "KORBAN"?
(a) Question (R. Yakov of Nehar Pekod): "V'Im Ga'ol Yig'al" -
this includes an heir (he can redeem Ma'aser Sheni he
inherited, he adds a fifth).
2) ATONEMENT OF A "KORBAN" BROUGHT "SHE'LO LISHMAH"
1. Will we likewise expound that one heir can redeem,
but two heirs cannot?!
(b) Answer: Ma'aser Sheni is different, for their father
himself could have redeemed it if he jointly owned it
with a partner (whereas partners cannot make Temurah).
(c) Question (Rav Asi): Temurah proves that heirs acquire a
1. If they acquire, we understand why an heir can make
(d) Answer (Rav Ashi): No - heirs get only a faint atonement
from a Korban they inherited (and this is enough to
enable them to make Temurah).
2. If they do not acquire, why can an heir make
i. (R. Yochanan): If the one who was Makdish an
animal (even if it was to fulfill someone
else's obligation) redeems it (after it became
blemished), he adds a fifth;
ii. Only the one who will get atonement from a
Korban makes Temurah from it (in any case, it
is forbidden to do so);
iii. If Reuven makes his produce Terumah to exempt
Shimon's Tevel, Reuven has Tovas Hana'ah (he
decides which Kohen receives the Terumah).
(a) Question: If a Korban was slaughtered Lo Lishmah, does it
3) FOR WHICH TRANSGRESSIONS DO "KORBANOS" ATONE?
(b) Answer (Rav Shisha brei d'Rav Idi): Presumably, it does
not atone - if it does, why must he bring a second
(c) Objection: But if it does not atone, why do we throw the
(d) Correction (Rav Ashi): Rav Shisha asked the following -
if it does not atone, we understand why we do Zerikah
(since it was originally Lishmah (i.e. when it was made
Hekdesh)), and why a second Korban is needed (to atone);
1. But if it does atone, why do we need a second
(a) Question: (An Olah atones for certain transgressions,
e.g. Bitul Ase) - does an Olah atone for transgressions
done after it was Hukdash?
1. Is it like a Chatas, which only atones for
transgressions before it was Hukdash?
(b) Answer #1 (Beraisa) Question: (Regarding an Olah)
"V'Samach...v'Nirtzah" - Semichah does not atone, Zerikah
does - "Ki ha'Dam Hu ba'Nefesh Yechaper"!
2. Or, perhaps it is different, because one Chatas can
only atone for one transgression, but one Olah can
atone for many?
1. Answer: It says "V'Samach...v'Nirtzah" to teach that
if he treated Semichah like a remnant of the Mitzvah
(i.e. omitted it), the Torah considers it as if he
did not atone.
(c) Rejection (Rava): This does not answer our question - the
reason it does not atone for Semichah is because Semichah
could have been done until slaughter;
2. Suggestion: This means, it atoned for Mitzvos Ase
(that he failed to do) before he was Makdish it, but
not for (omitting) Semichah, which was after the
1. He does not transgress until slaughter; it is no
Chidush that a Korban does not atone for
transgressions after slaughter.
(d) Question (Rav Huna bar Yehudah): Why don't we say that he
gets full atonement, but the Mitzvah was not done
1. (Mishnah - R. Akiva): "Veha'Nosar Min ha'Shemen
(will be put on the Tzaru'a's head)...Lechaper Alav"
- if he put it, he atoned, if not, he did not atone.
(e) Answer (and Answer #2 to Question d:3): No, he (Tosfos -
properly) fulfilled the Mitzvah of putting the blood on
the Behonos (ear, thumb and toe), he did not (Tosfos -
properly) fulfill the Mitzvah of putting the blood on the
2. R. Yochanan ben Nuri says, this is a remnant of a
Mitzvah, whether or not he put it he atoned, but the
Torah considers it as if he did not atone.
3. Question: What does it mean 'as if he did not
i. Suggestion: He must bring another Korban.
4. Answer #1: Rather, he gets full atonement, but the
Mitzvah was not done properly.
ii. Rejection: He said, whether or not he put he
5. Summation of question: Likewise, one who omitted
Semichah gets full atonement, but the Mitzvah was
not done properly!
(f) Answer #2 (to Question (a) - Beraisa - R. Shimon)
Question: Why does the Tzibur bring special sheep on
1. Interjection: Those are Shelamim of the Tzibur (they
permit bringing new grain in the Mikdash - but R.
Shimon will answer that they atone for Tum'ah)!
(g) Rejection: Indeed, if the second was Hukdash before the
first was offered, we would not throw its blood (for it
would not atone for anything)!
2. Correction - Question: Why does the Tzibur bring
(two) goats on Shavu'os?
3. Answer: They atone for Tamei people who entered the
Mikdash or ate Kodshim.
4. Question: Why is the second needed?
5. Answer: The second atones for Tum'ah after the first
i. This shows that it is fitting for Yisrael to
constantly bring Korbanos (in order that there
will be immediate atonement for
transgressions); we do not, because the Torah
does not impose too great an obligation.
6. Summation of answer: The second atones for Tum'ah
after the first was offered, which was after the
second was Hukdash!
1. However, the case is, the second was Hukdash after
the first was offered.
(h) Objection: It is unreasonable to say that the Torah
commands to Makdish the second after the first was
(i) Answer (Rav Papa): Korbanos Tzibur are made Hekdesh on
condition (Rashi - it is as if the second was Hukdash
just before its slaughter, in order that it can atone for
Tum'ah in between);
1. Version #1 - Rashi [The following does not belong in
our text, only in Shavu'os - (Shmuel): If a Korban
Tzibur is not needed for what it was Hukdash (e.g. a
Tamid which will not be needed this year) and was
slaughtered Stam, it is Kosher for what it was
destined to become (in this case, Kitz
(j) Rejection (Rav Yosef brei d'Rav Shmuel): R. Shimon does
not say that Gizbarim buy Korbanos Tzibur on condition!
2. Version #2 - Tosfos - (Shmuel): Gizbarim buy
Korbanos Tzibur on condition that they are not
Hekdesh for any particular Korban until they are
slaughtered (at that moment, they become Hekdesh for
the particular Korban needed).
1. (Rav Idi bar Avin): According to R. Shimon, Temidim
which will not be needed this year cannot be
redeemed (in order to buy them back with next year's
Shekalim to use for Temidim of next year) without a
blemish; according to Chachamim, they can be
redeemed without a blemish!