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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 87

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) How did Rava react when he saw a large group of people following him reverently? Why did he do that?

(b) Mar Zutra the Chasid reacted in the same way.
What were they doing with him that caused him to react like that?

(c) It is *not* good for the Resha'im when they *are* favored in this world, and it *is* good for the Tzadikim when they are *not*. In what way ...

  1. ... was Ach'av favored?
  2. ... was Moshe *not* favored?
(a) What are the benefits of Tzadikim not living as long as they deserve?

(b) Why did Aharon's two remaining sons (Elazar and Isamar) not die at the same time as their brothers (Nadav and Avihu)?

(c) Many sons of Cana'an might have reached the level of Tavi, Raban Gamliel's famous slave.
Why did they not, in fact, make it?

(d) Why is it that someone who causes the community ...

  1. ... to do good - will not sin (alternatively, cause others to sin)? How does this come about?
  2. ... to sin - will not be given the opportunity to do Teshuvah?
(a) 'ha'Omer Echta ve'Ashuv, Echta ve'Ashuv Ein Maspikin ... '.
Why does the Tana repeat the words 'Echta ve'Ashuv'?

(b) Our Mishnah says that Yom Kipur will not atone for someone who deliberately sins, whilst relying on Yom Kipur to atone for him.
Is it correct to say that the author of the Mishnah cannot be Rebbi, who maintains that Yom Kipur atones without Teshuvah?

(c) If sins between man and man cannot be forgiven unless one makes up with the person whom one has wronged, then how do we initially explain the words of Eli's admonishing of his sons in Shmuel ...

  1. ... "Im Yecheta Ish le'Ish *u'Filelo Elokim*?
  2. ... "ve'Im la'Hashem Yecheta Ish, Mi *Yispalel* Ba'ado"? How do we now explain the entire Pasuk?
(d) One Jew who wronged another monetarily, must make up to him by paying him back.
How does one make up to someone whom one has wronged with words?
(a) What must one do if the wronged person does not respond to one's efforts at reconciliation?

(b) He is obligated to make three attempts, as we just learnt.
What comment does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina make with regard to this Halachah?

(c) What does one do if the person whom one wronged with words has died?

(a) In what connection did Rebbi Yirmiyah quote the Pasuk in Tehilim "me'Ashpos Yarim Evyon"?

(b) How did the story end?

(c) What did Rebbi Zeira do to someone who had wronged him verbally?

(a) Why did Rav Huna tell his Rebbe, Rav, that he was on his way to kill someone?

(b) How did his prediction come true?

(c) How did the butcher die?

Answers to questions



(a) Why did Rav need to go and plead with Rebbi Chanina b'Rebbi Chama on thirteen consecutive Erev Yom Kipur for forgiveness?

(b) On what grounds was Rav permitted to do this, in light of what we learned earlier - that it is forbidden to ask for forgiveness more than three times (see Rabeinu Chananel)?

(c) What happens to someone who readily forgives those who have sinned against him?

(d) Then why did Rebbi Chanina not forgive Rav?

(a) When does the first Viduy *on Yom Kipur* fall due?

(b) Why did Chazal institute the recital of Viduy before the Se'udah ha'Mafsekes?

(c) Then why does one need to recite it again after the Se'udah?

(d) How many times does one subsequently recite it? When is it recited by ...

  1. ... the community?
  2. ... the Chazen?
(a) The Gemara cites many opinions as to the text of the Viduy on Yom Kipur. We insert most of them into our Tefilah, such as 'Atah Yode'a Razei Olam' and 'Ki ba'Yom ha'Zeh Yechaper Aleichem'. According to Rebbi Chanina, we should say 'Elokai ad she'Lo Notzarti Eini Kedai ... ', which we also insert after the Viduy.
When did Rava used to say this?

(b) What did Shmuel used to do when the Shatz arrived at 'Aval Anachnu Chatanu'?

(c) What do we learn from this?

(a) What are the three occasions on which, according to the Mishnah in Ta'anis, the Kohanim would Duchan four times a day?

(b) What were the four times? Was it really four times on each of the three occasions?

(c) Tyhen what does the Mishnah teach us?

(d) According to Rav, Ne'ilah comprises the extra Tefilah that we Daven at the conclusion of the day.
What does Ne'ilah comprise according to Shmuel?

(a) How many Berachos does each Tefilah of Yom Kipur comprise?

(b) How do we reconcile this Beraisa (which includes Ne'ilah in the list of Tefilos) with Shmuel?

(c) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, the middle Berachah of Ne'ilah concludes 'ha'Keil ha'Solchan'. What do the Chachamim hold?

(d) 'Ne'ilah' could mean the closing of the Gates of Heaven.
What else might it mean?

(a) How did that Chazan (who Rava commended) - began Ne'ila111h, and how did he conclude it?

(b) What did Rav Nasan the father of Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Nasan say about 'Mah Anu ... '?

(a) What did Rav say about Tefilas Ne'ilah?

(b) How will Rav reconcile this with his ruling that Tefilas Ma'ariv is voluntary?

(c) And how will Rav explain another Beraisa, where Tana'im discuss both Ne'ilah and Ma'ariv?

(d) According to Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel, one is obligated to Daven the full Shemoneh-Esrei for Ma'ariv.
What does the Tana Kama say, and what is his reason for such a leniency?

Answers to questions
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