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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 86

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1) How does Rebbi Elazar explain the discrepancy in the Pasuk in Ki Sisa, which writes first "ve'Nakeh" and then "Lo Yenakeh"?


(a) When Rebbi Masya ben Charash asked him in Rome whether he had heard the four categories of atonement that Rebbi Yishmael used to Darshen, Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah replied that there were only *three*.
What does that mean?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Shuvu Banim Shovavim, Erpa Meshuvasam" (Yirmiyah)?
  2. ... "Ki va'Yom ha'Zeh Yechaper Aleichem mi'Kol Chatoseichem" (Acharei-Mos)?
  3. ... "u'Fakadti be'Sheivet Pish'am u'vi'Nega'im Avonam" (Tehilim)?
(c) What sort of atonement does Chilul Hashem require?
(a) What is Chilul Hashem?

(b) How did ...

  1. ... Rav describe Chilul Hashem (vis-a-vis himself)? In which case will it not apply?
  2. ... Rebbi Yochanan describe it ?
(c) How did Abaye used to settle with two partners from whom he had purchased something (in order to avoid controversy)?
(a) Yitzchak de'Bei Rebbi Yanai gave a more general interpretation of Chilul Hashem.
How did *he* describe it?

(b) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak explains it with reference to someone about whom one needs to say 'May Hashem forgive him for what he did'.
How does Abaye, based on the Pasuk in the Shema "ve'Ahavta es Hashem Elokecha", explain Chilul Hashem?

(c) About such a person the Pasuk writes in Yechezkel "be'Emor Lahem Am Hashem Eileh, u'me'Artzo Yatza'u".
In which way is this a Chilul Hashem?

(d) To whom does the Pasuk in Yeshayah "va'Yomer Li Avdi Ata, Yisrael Asher Be'cha Espa'er" refer? What does this have to do with the Pasuk in the Shema "ve'Ahavta es Hashem Elokecha"?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Erpa Meshuvasam, Ohavem Nedavah"?

(b) When does Teshuvah turn the original sin into a silly, childish act, and when is the Teshuvah only effective from now on, leaving the original sin intact?

(c) When will the Teshuvah be accompanied by a pleasant aura, and when will it come about through force and as a result of prior battles, (see Agados Maharsha DH 'Kesiv')?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Shuvu Yisrael ad Hashem Elokecha"?

Answers to questions



(a) What was Rebbi Yochanan referring to when he said that Teshuvah is so great that it over-rides a Lo Sa'aseh in the Torah?

(b) What did ...

1. ... Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "u'Va le'Tzi'on Go'el u'le'Shavei Fesha be'Ya'akov"?
2. ... Rebbi Yonassan learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "u've'Shuv Rasha me'Rish'aso, Yichyeh"?
(c) When does Resh Lakish say that sins performed on purpose become like inadvertent sins, and when do they become like merits?

(d) What does the Gemara comment on the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Kechu Imachem Devarim, ve'Shuvu el Hashem"?
  2. ... "ve'Kach Tov"?
  3. ... "u'Neshalmah Parim Sefaseinu"?
  4. ... "Erpa Meshuvasam, Ohaveim *Nedavah*"?
(a) What does Rebbi Meir learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Erpa Meshuvasam, Ki Shav Api Mimenu"?

(b) Rav Yehudah describes a genuine Ba'al Teshuvah as someone who, after sinning, avoids transgressing that sin on another two occasions.
What three points does he add to that?

(c) A person should hide sins (that he performed in private), and publisize sins (that he performed in public).
What is the Gemara's second explanation of the two seemingly contradictory Pesukim?

(d) How many times can Yisrael expect Hashem to forgive the same sin performed by ...

  1. ... K'lal Yisrael?
  2. ... an individual?
(a) What does the Tana Kama say about confessing on Yom Kipur, a sin that one transgressed last year?

(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "ve'Chatasi Negdi Samid"?

(c) The Tana Kama derives his opinion from the Pasuk in Mishlei "ke'Kelev Shav el Ki'o". Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov derives Rav Huna's slogan from there.
What is Rav Huna's slogan?

(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Bava learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "Ana Chata ha'Am ha'Zeh, *Asu Lahem Elohei Zahav*"?

(b) Rebbi Akiva learns from "Ashrei ... K'suy Chata'ah" that it is better to cover one's sin and not to specify it.
What does *he* learn from the Pasuk "Asu Lahem Elohei Zahav"?

(c) Who were Yisrael's two faithful leaders? What difference does the Gemara strike between them?

(d) Why did Moshe choose to act differently than David in this matter?

(a) For which two reasons is it a Mitzvah to publicize the identity of Chanafim (people who pretend to be Tzadikim, when they are not)?

(b) We learn from a Pasuk in Yechezkel that even Hashem publicizes Chanafim. What exactly, does the Pasuk say?

(a) What does the Gemara say ...
  1. ... about the Teshuvah of total Resha'im?
  2. ... about the tranquil life of Resha'im?
  3. ... about authority?
(b) And what does the Gemara say regarding the corrolary between entering this world and leaving it?

(c) What did Rav and Rava used to say before going out to judge?

Answers to questions
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