REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 86
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
How does Rebbi Elazar explain the discrepancy in the Pasuk in Ki Sisa, which
writes first "ve'Nakeh" and then "Lo Yenakeh"?
(a) When Rebbi Masya ben Charash asked him in Rome whether he had heard the
four categories of atonement that Rebbi Yishmael used to Darshen, Rebbi
Elazar ben Azaryah replied that there were only *three*.
What does that
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
(c) What sort of atonement does Chilul Hashem require?
- ... "Shuvu Banim Shovavim, Erpa Meshuvasam" (Yirmiyah)?
- ... "Ki va'Yom ha'Zeh Yechaper Aleichem mi'Kol Chatoseichem" (Acharei-Mos)?
- ... "u'Fakadti be'Sheivet Pish'am u'vi'Nega'im Avonam" (Tehilim)?
(a) What is Chilul Hashem?
(b) How did ...
(c) How did Abaye used to settle with two partners from whom he had
purchased something (in order to avoid controversy)?
- ... Rav describe Chilul Hashem (vis-a-vis himself)? In which case will it not apply?
- ... Rebbi Yochanan describe it ?
(a) Yitzchak de'Bei Rebbi Yanai gave a more general interpretation of Chilul
How did *he* describe it?
(b) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak explains it with reference to someone about
whom one needs to say 'May Hashem forgive him for what he did'.
Abaye, based on the Pasuk in the Shema "ve'Ahavta es Hashem Elokecha",
explain Chilul Hashem?
(c) About such a person the Pasuk writes in Yechezkel "be'Emor Lahem Am
Hashem Eileh, u'me'Artzo Yatza'u".
In which way is this a Chilul Hashem?
(d) To whom does the Pasuk in Yeshayah "va'Yomer Li Avdi Ata, Yisrael Asher
Be'cha Espa'er" refer? What does this have to do with the Pasuk in the Shema
"ve'Ahavta es Hashem Elokecha"?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Erpa Meshuvasam, Ohavem
Answers to questions
(b) When does Teshuvah turn the original sin into a silly, childish act, and
when is the Teshuvah only effective from now on, leaving the original sin
(c) When will the Teshuvah be accompanied by a pleasant aura, and when will
it come about through force and as a result of prior battles, (see Agados
Maharsha DH 'Kesiv')?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Shuvu Yisrael ad Hashem
(a) What was Rebbi Yochanan referring to when he said that Teshuvah is so
great that it over-rides a Lo Sa'aseh in the Torah?
(b) What did ...
1. ... Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "u'Va le'Tzi'on Go'el
u'le'Shavei Fesha be'Ya'akov"?
(c) When does Resh Lakish say that sins performed on purpose become like
inadvertent sins, and when do they become like merits?
2. ... Rebbi Yonassan learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "u've'Shuv Rasha
(d) What does the Gemara comment on the Pasuk ...
- ... "Kechu Imachem Devarim, ve'Shuvu el Hashem"?
- ... "ve'Kach Tov"?
- ... "u'Neshalmah Parim Sefaseinu"?
- ... "Erpa Meshuvasam, Ohaveim *Nedavah*"?
(a) What does Rebbi Meir learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Erpa Meshuvasam,
Ki Shav Api Mimenu"?
(b) Rav Yehudah describes a genuine Ba'al Teshuvah as someone who, after
sinning, avoids transgressing that sin on another two occasions.
three points does he add to that?
(c) A person should hide sins (that he performed in private), and publisize
sins (that he performed in public).
What is the Gemara's second
explanation of the two seemingly contradictory Pesukim?
(d) How many times can Yisrael expect Hashem to forgive the same sin
performed by ...
- ... K'lal Yisrael?
- ... an individual?
(a) What does the Tana Kama say about confessing on Yom Kipur, a sin that
one transgressed last year?
(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim
"ve'Chatasi Negdi Samid"?
(c) The Tana Kama derives his opinion from the Pasuk in Mishlei "ke'Kelev
Shav el Ki'o". Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov derives Rav Huna's slogan from
What is Rav Huna's slogan?
(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Bava learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "Ana
Chata ha'Am ha'Zeh, *Asu Lahem Elohei Zahav*"?
(b) Rebbi Akiva learns from "Ashrei ... K'suy Chata'ah" that it is better to
cover one's sin and not to specify it.
What does *he* learn from the Pasuk
"Asu Lahem Elohei Zahav"?
(c) Who were Yisrael's two faithful leaders? What difference does the Gemara
strike between them?
(d) Why did Moshe choose to act differently than David in this matter?
(a) For which two reasons is it a Mitzvah to publicize the identity of
Chanafim (people who pretend to be Tzadikim, when they are not)?
(b) We learn from a Pasuk in Yechezkel that even Hashem publicizes Chanafim.
What exactly, does the Pasuk say?
(a) What does the Gemara say ...
Answers to questions
(b) And what does the Gemara say regarding the corrolary between entering
this world and leaving it?
- ... about the Teshuvah of total Resha'im?
- ... about the tranquil life of Resha'im?
- ... about authority?
(c) What did Rav and Rava used to say before going out to judge?