REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 84
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
(a) What should someone against whom a mad dog rubbed, do?
(b) Someone who is bitten by a mad dog stands to die unless he writes an
incantation to save himself.
On what must he write it?
(c) He also buries his clothes for twelve months.
Where should he bury
them? What does he do with them after that?
(d) Why, during that time, should he not drink water without the aid of some
sort of straw?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan ask that gentile matron when she gave him a cure
for his 'Tzafidna' (a toothache that starts in the mouth and ends in the
stomach) for two consecutive days?
(b) After instructing him how to prepare the medicine, she made him promise
not to divulge her secret.
What right did he have to break his promise?
(c) And why was the fact that *she* would think that he was breaking his
promise not a Chilul Hashem?
(d) Some say that the secret cure was yeast-water, olive oil and salt. There
are two other opinions: Some ...
- ... replace yeast-water with ... ?
- ... state only one ingredient. What is it?
(a) According to Abaye, all of the above methods do not work. An Arab told
him to use date-stones that had not yet grown a third.
What did he do with
(b) What causes 'Tzafidna', and and how does one know that he has it?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan permitted this cure on Shabbos. Does that mean that he
ruled like Rebbi Masya ben Charash (who maintains in our Mishnah that any
illness inside the mouth is considered life-threatening)?
(d) Rebbi Masya ben Charash, in a Beraisa, permits someone with jaundice to
eat donkey's met, someone bitten by a mad dog to eat part of its liver and
someone whose mouth hurts to take medicine. How do we explain the
Chachamim's words '*be'Eilu* Ein Bahem Mishum Refu'ah", to prove Rebbi
(a) How do we refute that proof? What *does* 'be'Eilu' come to exclude (What
Answers to questions
(b) In a second Beraisa, the Chachamim (referring to the three lenient
rulings of Rebbi Masya ben Charash 'Makizin Dam li'Serunki be'Shabbos, Mi
she'Nashcho Kelev Shoteh ... ' and ha'Choshesh be'Fiv') comment 'be'Eilu Ein
Bahem Mishum Refu'ah'. How will Rebbi Yochanan explain the Chachamim's
(c) We finally prove Rebbi Yochanan right from a third Beraisa, where Rebbi
Elazar b'Rebbi Yossi quoting Rebbi Masya ben Charash, permits 1. feeding a
pregnant woman whatever she needs until she recovers; 2. part of the liver
of a mad dog to someone who was bitten by it, and 3. administering medicine
on Shabbos to someone whose mouth hurts him. How do we prove our point
from the Rabbanan, who say there 'be'Zu ve'Lo ba'Acheres'?
(d) How does Rav Ashi corroborate this proof from our Mishnah, which cites
Rebbi Masya ben Charash's opinion about administering medicine to someone
whose mouth hurts him *after* the Machlokes between him and the Chachamim,
regarding feeding part of the liver to someone who was bitten by a mad dog?
(a) After explaining that someone with mouth pains is a case of Safek
Nefashos, why did the Tana need to add 've'Chol Safek Nefashos Docheh
Shabbos'? Is that not what we just said?
(b) This is borne out by a Beraisa, which permits breaking *this* Shabbos
for a Safek Piku'ach of *next* Shabbos 'Bein Lehashkoso, Bein Lehavroso'.
What is the meaning of ...
(c) Where it is necessary to break the Shabbos to save a Jew's life, it is
better not to ask a gentile or a child to do so.
- ... 'Lehashkoso'?
- ... 'Lehavroso'?
Whom then, should one
ask? Why is that (see Tosfos DH 'Ela')?
(a) Do we permit Shabbos to be broken on the sole basis of the assessment of
women or gentiles?
(b) What does the Beraisa mean when it concludes 'Aval Mitztarfin le'Da'as
(c) The Beraisa repeats the Heter to break Shabbos four times, absolving one
from the need to go and obtain the Beis-Din's permission: by a child who
fell into the sea, by one who fell into a deep pit, by one on whom the door
closed and locked, and by one who was trapped by an oncoming fire. Having
said it in the case of the child who ...
(d) What additional Chidush does the Tana add by each of the four cases?
- ... fell into the sea, why did it need to repeat it in the case where he fell into a deep pit?
- ... fell into a deep pit, why did it need to repeat it in the case with the door?
- ... child on whom the door had slammed shut, why did it need to repeat it in the case of a fire?
(a) Rav Yosef quoted Rav Yehudah who quoted Shmuel as saying that in matters
of life and death, we do not follow the majority.
Why can this not refer
to a case of ...
(b) What is the source for 'Kol Kavu's ke'Mechtzah al Mechtzah Dami'?
- ... when a wall falls on to a group of nine Jews and one gentile, burying one beneath it, and we do not know which one?
- ... when the group consisted of five Jews and five gentiles?
- ... when there are even nine gentiles and one Jew?
(a) Then in which case *is* Shmuel speaking?
Answers to questions
(b) In which case will the fact that they moved to another courtyard not
permit breaking the Shabbos to save the buried man?