REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 78
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
(a) What does Rav Yosef attempt to prove from the Mishnah in Midos, where
Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov says that, at the point where the river that will
flow from the Beis Hamikdash becomes neck-deep, Zavin ... and Nidos will
Tovel in it?
(b) Is the Halachah like him?
(a) Why might it be forbidden to cross a river on Shabbos wearing shoes?
(b) What is the Halachah?
(c) What did Rav Ashi rule with regard to crossing a river wearing sandals,
which could not be as firmly tied as shoes?
(d) Why did Ravina not appear at the Derashah of the Resh Galusa on Yom
Kipur? So why did he not wear sandals?
(a) Under which conditions is sitting in mud (to cool down) forbidden on Yom
(b) May one cool oneself through contact with ...
(c) Why did Rav Papa concede that cooling oneself through contact with an
earthenware cup of water which is only half-full is forbidden?
- ... cold fruit or a cold child?
- ... a silver cup of water (according to Rav Papa)?
(d) Why does Rav Ashi forbid even cooling oneself with a silver cup of water
that is *not* full?
(a) Ze'iri bar Chama was a famous inn-keeper in Caesaria.
What did he
tell Rav Yosef, the son of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, that his father used to
do on Erev Yom Kipur - according to Rashi's traditional explanation?
(b) And what would Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi do on Erev Tish'ah be'Av?
(c) On what grounds did the Gemara object to those who switched the text, to
be more lenient on Yom Kipur than on Tish'ah be'Av (see Tosfos Yeshanim DH
(a) They asked Rebbi Elazar whether a Talmid-Chacham who sat on the
Sanhedrin needed to request permission from the Nasi to examine blemished
Bechoros and permit them.
Answers to questions
Why does anyone need to from the Nasi for
request permission from the Nasi to issue such rulings?
(b) What then is the She'ei'lah here?
(c) What did Rebbi Tzadok ben Chalukah testify about Rebbi Yossi ben Zimra
to resolve this She'eilah?
(d) According to another version, they asked Rebbi Elazar whether the
Halachah was like Rebbi Meir or like Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel (with regard
to a *Kohen* examining the blemishes of a Bechor).
According to this
version, what was the She'eilah, and what did Rebbi Yossi ben Zimra, who was
himself a Kohen, testify to resolve it?
(a) They also asked Rebbi Elazar whether sandals made of Sha'am (a sort of
rush) could be worn on Yom Kipur.
What did Rebbi Yitzchak bar Nachmeni
rule with regard to wearing them on Yom Kipur?
(b) And what did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi rule with regard to wearing them on
a Ta'anis Tzibur (when there is no rain)?
(c) May one wear shoes made of grass?
(a) In a Mishnah in Shabbos, Rebbi Meir holds that a lame man is permitted
to walk out with his stump on Shabbos.
Why is that?
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(c) Both Tana'im agree that the lame man is not permitted to wear his stump
on Yom Kipur.
What problem does this create with the the Halachah
regarding a rush-shoe?
(d) How does Abaye establish the Mishnah in Shabbos in order to answer the
(a) Rava asks on Abaye how rags can possibly turn the wooden leg into a shoe
(though Abaye did not say that it does - see Tosfos Yom ha'Kipurim).
else does he ask on Abaye?
(b) How does he then go on to prove that the Reisha of the Mishnah cannot be
speaking when there was a cavity for rags?
(c) In Rava’s opinion, the wooden leg is in any case considered a shoe.
Then why does Rebbi Yossi forbid the lame man to go out with it on Shabbos?
(a) The only one of the five Inuyim that is applicable to children is that
of not wearing shoes. We initially contend that this is because people will
suspect that it is his mother or his father who put on his shoes.
if they do? Is there anything wrong with that?
(b) Why will people not think the same with regard to bathing him and
(c) Then why will they not also attribute the child wearing shoes, to his
mother or father having put them on yesterday?
(d) On what grounds do we reject this contention completely?
(a) Why then, *did* Chazal differentiate by small children, between the Inuy
of not wearing shoes and those of not bathing and not anointing?
(b) What does a small child need ...
(c) What did the Amora’im used to buy their children when they reached the
age when they could play with toys?
- ... in its initial stages of growth?
- ... when it grows a little older?
(a) According to the Tana Kama, neither a king nor a bride are permitted to
wash on Yom Kipur, nor is a woman who has just given birth permitted to wear
Under which circumstances does Shmuel permit a healthy person to wear shoes
on Yom Kipur?
Which Tana permits all three?
(b) Why may ...
(c) For how long is a married woman considered a bride in this regard?
- ... a king wash his face on Yom Kipur?
- ... a bride wash hers?
- ... a woman who has just given birth wear shoes?
Answers to questions