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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 73

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) Every Kohen Gadol had to bring the Chavitei Kohen Godol (the Asiris ha'Eifah) daily - even a Merubeh Begadim (who had not been anointed with the Shemen ha'Mishchah).
Why was a Mashu'ach Milchamah not also obligated to bring it?

(b) What do we learn (regarding the son of a Mashu'ach Milchamah) from the Pasuk "Shiv'as Yamim Yilbasham ha'Kohen Tachtav mi'Banav ... Asher Yavo el Ohel Mo'ed"?

(c) How do we amend this Beraisa to conform with Rav Dimi's Din (that the Mashu'ach Milchamah *does* wear the eight Begadim of a Kohen Gadol and *is* therefore fit to serve on Yom Kipur)?

(a) We try to disprove Rav Dimi's statement from a Beraisa, which states that a Mashu'ach Milchamah serves neither in the four garments of a Kohen Hedyot nor in the eight of a Kohen Gadol.
What does Abaye comment on this Kashya?

(b) How does he therefore explain the Beraisa?

(a) The Tana lists fourteen/fifteen differences between a Kohen Gadol and a Kohen Hedyot:
Which ...
  1. ... two bulls does specifically the former bring?
  2. ... Korban did he bring every day?
  3. ... two signs of mourning were forbidden to him (besides not being permitted to bury his dead relative)?
  4. ... two women was he forbidden to marry?
  5. ... Din regarding a murderer - applied to the Kohen Gadol exclusively (according to Rebbi Yehudah)?
(b) The Kohen Gadol was permitted to bring Korbanos even when he was an Onan.
Was he permitted to ...
  1. ... eat them?
  2. ... to receive a portion of any Korban?
(c) There are two things in which he had first right.
What were they?

(d) He wore the eight Bigdei Kehunah Gedolah, and was Patur from a Korban if he entered the Beis Hamikdash be'Tum'ah.
What is the last item on the list?

(a) Which ...
1. ... is the one thing on this list for which a Kohen Gadol who was anointed with the anointing oil was eligible, but not a Merubeh Begadim?
2. ... are the two things for which a substitute Kohen Gadol after the original Kohen Gadol was re-instated, was not eligible?
3. ... are the five things from this list that applied to a Kohen Mashu'ach Milchamah?
(b) We explained earlier that a Mashu'ach Milchamah did not wear the eight Begadim because of 'Eivah'.
Where in this Beraisa do we see that we are not concerned about 'Eivah'?

(c) How did Rava reconcile this apparent contradiction with what we learned earlier about a Mashu'ach Milchamah not wearing the eight Bigdei Kohen Gadol?

(d) Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi did not like this answer when they heard it from Rebbi Avahu in the name of Rebbi Yochanan, though others say that it was from Rebbi Chiya bar Aba that they heard it.
Why did Rav Papa think that it was probably Rebbi Avahu who told it to them?

5) There is another opinion according to which the Mashu'ach Milchamah did not wear the eight Begadim at all when performing the Avodah (even min ha'Torah).
When *did* he wear them, and why?


(a) When the King or the Av Beis-Din would consult the Urim ve'Tumim, how would ...
  1. ... he the stand before the Urim ve'Tumim?
  2. ... Kohen Gadol stand?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Pinchas "ve'Sha'al *Lo* be'Mishpat ha'Urim"?

(c) The questioner would ask only one question at a time ('Erdof Acharei ha'Gedud ha'Zeh?'), and the Kohen Gadol would answer 'Koh Amar Hashem, Aleh ve'Hatzlach'.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(d) In what connection do we quote the Pasuk in Shmuel "ve'Chanah Hi Medaberes al Libah"?

(a) If the questioner asked *two* questions, which of the two would Hashem answer?

(b) Then why, when David asked whether the men of Ke'ilah would divulge his whereabouts to Shaul, and whether Shaul would chase after him, did Hashem answer his *second* question?

(c) And why, when David asked whether he should chase after the P'lishtim and whether he would catch them, did Hashem answer both questions simultaneously?

Answers to questions



(a) The Pasuk in Pinchas writes "ve'Sha'al Lo be'Mishpat ha'Urim".
What do we learn from the word ...
  1. ... "be'Mishpat"?
  2. ... "Urim"?
  3. ... "Tumim" (which is added to 'Urim' elsewhere)?
(b) Why then, were the men of Yisrael not told clearly to fight with Binyamin *and win*?

(c) Then why did they receive a full answer the third time they asked?

(d) According to Rebbi Yochanan, the letters of the Choshen protruded. What does Resh Lakish hold?

(a) The names of the twelve tribes (which were engraved on the stones of the Choshen) did not contain a 'Tzadei', a 'Ches' or a 'Kuf'.
Might that not create a problem, should those letters be required?

(b) And how about the 'Tes'?

(c) If the letters protruded or even arranged themselves in the correct order, why was Evyasar not able to read the answer from the Urim ve'Tumim when David Hamelech asked him?

(d) What happened to a Kohen Gadol to whom the Urim ve'Tumim did not respond? Who re-placed Evyasar?

10) " ... ve'Sha'al Lo be'Mishpat ha'Urim ... Hu ve'Chol B'nei Yisrael Ito, ve'Chol ha'Eidah".
Who is meant by ...
  1. ... "Hu"?
  2. ... "ve'Chol B'nei Yisrael Ito"?
  3. ... "ve'Chol ha'Eidah"?

***** Hadran Alach Perek Ba Lo *****

***** Perek Yom ha'Kipurim *****

(a) Which four things - besides eating and drinking, does Inuy comprise?

(b) Who, according to Rebbi Eliezer, is permitted ...

  1. ... to wash?
  2. ... to wear shoes?
(c) To be Chayav on Yom Kipur, what is the minimum measurement ...
  1. ... of food that one would have to eat?
  2. ... of drink that one would have to drink?
(d) All foods combine to make up the Shiur, and so do all drinks.
Do food and drink combine?
(a) What is the punishment for eating a Shiur on Yom Kipur?

(b) Then why does the Tana say only 'Asur'?

(c) This is fine according to Rebbi Yochanan, who holds that one is Chayav min ha'Torah for eating even less than a Shiur on Yom Kipur.
How will Resh Lakish, who says that less than a Shiur is permitted, explain our Mishnah?

(a) The Tana Kama in the Mishnah in Shavu'os obligates someone who swore not to eat forbidden foods, to bring a Korban Shevu'ah (should he negate it).
What is the problem inherent in this Mishnah?

(b) Rav, Shmuel and Rebbi Yochanan establish the Mishnah 'be'Kolel Devarim ha'Mutarim ... '.
What does that mean?

(c) How does Resh Lakish explain it?

(d) According to Resh Lakish's explanation, why does Rebbi Shimon say that he is Patur?

(a) According to the Rabbanan, swearing that one will not eat a certain food implies a Shiur, but not less.
What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(b) How does Resh Lakish's interpretation of the Rabbanan seem to clash with what he himself just said (in 12c.), regarding eating a Chatzi Shiur on Yom Kipur?

Answers to questions
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