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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 67

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) Some of the important residents would accompany the Meshale'ach to the first hut, as he took the goat out of Yerushalayim.
How many huts were there, and what was their purpose?

(b) How many Ris are there in a Mil?

(c) How far was it from Yerushalayim until the Tzuk? What was the Tzuk?

(d) What was the distance between Yerushalayim and the first hut, and between one hut and the next?

(a) What would the people say to the Kohen Gadol as he arrived at each hut?

(b) What happened when he walked from the last hut to the Tzuk? Why did they not accompany him all the way?

(c) What did the Meshale'ach do before pushing the goat over the Tzuk?

(a) In which position was the goat standing as the Kohen Gadol pushed it off the Tzuk?

(b) What happened to the goat?

(c) What did the Meshale'ach then do until nightfall?

(d) Why did the Chachamim permit the Meshale'ach to walk the *two* Mil back to the last hut, when normally, they only allowed a person who came from outside the Techum *one* Mil?

4) According to the Tana Kama, the goat was Metamei the Meshale'ach's clothes from the moment he left the walls of Yerushalayim.
What does Rebbi Shimon say?


(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yossi, from Yerushalayim to the Tzuk was *ten* Milin. According to Rebbi Yehudah, there were nine huts. How many huts were there according to Rebbi Yossi?

(b) On what basis did the Chachamim permit the Meshale'ach to walk more than one Mil from hut to hut?

(c) Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yossi chided his father. If it was by means of an Eruv, why would they require even *five* huts, when they could have managed on far less.
On how many huts could they have managed, according to him?

(d) Who would be the author of the Beraisa which says that the people in the last hut did not accompany him all the way to the Tzuk, but watched him from one Mil away?

(a) The Tana describes how they would offer the Meshale'ach bread and water at each hut.
How common was it for him to take up their offer?

(b) Why did the Meshale'ach tie half the red strand of wool on the rock, and half between the goat's horns? Why not just ...

  1. ... on the rock?
  2. ... between the goat's horns?
(a) Where did they initially used to tie the red strand of wool?

(b) What prompted them to change the location to the *inside* of the Ulam?

(c) And what made them change the location from the Beis Hamikdash to the rock and the goat's horns?

(d) What does Rebbi Elazar Hakapor say about the red piece of wool?

Answers to questions



(a) Rav and Shmuel argue over whether the remains of the goat were Mutar be'Hana'ah or Asur.
How does one learn his view from the word "Bamidbar", and the other, from "el Eretz *Gezeirah*"?

(b) What does the opinion which forbids them learn from "Bamidbar" - in conjunction with the other two times that the Torah writes "ha'Midbarah"?

(c) Which ...

  1. ... two Halachos and...
  2. ... which Derashah based on the literal meaning of Gezeirah (decree) does the opinion which permits the goat, learn from "Gezeirah"?
(d) Why does Rava agree with the opinion that permits the remains of the goat?
(a) What does the Gemara prove from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Es *Eilei* ha'Aretz Lakach"? What does this have to do with "Az'azel"?

(b) Az'azel is also a play on 'Uza' and 'Aza'el', for whose deeds it comes to atone. Who were Uza and Aza'el, and what is their connection with the Sa'ir la'Az'azel?

(a) What sort of Mitzvos is the Torah in Acharei-Mos referring to when it writes ...
  1. ... "es Mishpatai"?
  2. ... "es Chukosai Tishmeru"?
(b) Why does the Torah conclude "Ani Hashem"?
(a) What do we learn (regarding which of the people who accompanied the Meshale'ach became Tamei together with their clothes) from the word "ve'ha'Meshale'ach" - according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) According to Rebbi Shimon, "ha'Meshale'ach" refers to from the moment he pushes the goat off the cliff.
What does Rebbi Yossi learn from "Az'azel ... ve'Chi'bes"?

(a) The Kohen Gadol then went to tend to the Par and the Sa'ir.
What did he do with their Emurin?

(b) Where was the Beis ha'Sereifah?

(c) When the bodies of the Par and the Sa'ir were eventually taken out to the Beis ha'Sereifah, from which stage would they render Tamei both the people who dealt with them and their clothes ...

  1. ... according to the Tana Kama?
  2. ... according to Rebbi Shimon?
(a) What problem does the Gemara have with the Mishnah, which says that they *then* burned the Eimurin of the Par and the Sa'ir?

(b) Then how will we explain the Tana's words 'Nasnan be'Meigis ve'Hiktiran al Gabei ha'Mizbe'ach'?

(c) What is a 'Meigis'?

Answers to questions
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