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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 66

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) We still have not established why Rebbi Yehudah rules that the Par and the Sa'ir have to die, and cannot be brought the following year. Rava says because of Takalah. The source for Takalah is a Beraisa in Shekalim. What does the Mishnah say with regard to ...
  1. ... declaring Hekdesh, Erech or Cherem nowadays?
  2. ... someone who did declare fruit, clothes etc. or money etc. Hekdesh?
What must he do with them?

(b) What does 'Beheimah Te'aker' mean?

(c) If Rebbi Yehudah says 'Meisah', and not 'Yir'eh' (that the animal should graze) because of 'Takalah', is he worried that they might sacrifice the animal or that they might shear or work with it?

(d) Why then, is Rebbi Yehudah not concerned that all animals that must graze, might inadvertently be brought on the Mizbe'ach?

(a) One Beraisa permits a Pesach that was not even brought on Pesach *Sheini*, to be brought the following year, and one Beraisa forbids it. How else might we explain the Machlokes, besides whether we are worried about Takalah or not?

(b) The Beraisa concludes however, 've'Chein ha'Ma'os'.
What do we prove from there?

(a) The Kohen Gadol then went to the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach and placed his hands on its head.
What for?

(b) What did the Kohanim and the people who were standing in the Azarah do and what did they say, when they heard the Kohen pronounce Hashem's Holy Name?

(c) Who was eligible to take the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach out to the desert?

(d) Then how come that it was almost always a Kohen who took it?

4) Why did they make a ramp to take the Sa'ir out of the Azarah and out of the city?

5) In the Viduy over the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach, the Kohen Gadol made no mention of the Kohanim.
Does this mean that the author of our Mishnah is not Rebbi Yehudah, in whose opinion the Kohanim were included in the Kaparah of the Sa'ir.

Answers to questions



(a) The Torah writes in Acharei-Mos "ve'Shilach Oso be'Yad Meshale'ach ha'Midbarah".
What do we learn from ...
  1. ... "Ish"?
  2. ... "Iti" (with regard to the man who takes the goat out)?
(b) From where do we learn that the goat should be taken out even on Shabbos, and even be'Tum'ah?
(a) If not for the word "Iti", why would we have thought that a Zar is not eligible to take out the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach?

(b) What is the problem with the Derashah "Iti" - 'va'Afilu be'Shabbos'?

(c) We establish the Derashah by a sick goat that has to be carried. Does this preclude Rebbi Nasan (who holds 'Chai Nosei es Atzmo' - 'an animal bears its own weight') from being the author of the Beraisa?

(d) What can we prove from the fact that we need a Derashah for Yom Kipur that fell on Shabbos, despite the fact that the Melachos of Shabbos are forbidden on Yom Kipur anyway?

(a) We learned above "Iti" - 'va'Afilu be'Tum'ah'.
Why should this require a special Pasuk? What can be wrong with a Tamei person taking the goat into the desert?

(b) What did they do if ...

  1. ... the Meshale'ach became sick?
  2. ... the goat did not die after the Meshale'ach pushed it off the cliff?
(c) Why did Rebbi Eliezer not want to answer these questions?
(a) According to some, they asked Rebbi Eliezer whether Avshalom had forfeited his portion in the world to Come (see Tosfos DH 'Peloni') - for committing adultery with his father's concubines; according to others, they asked him the same question about Shlomoh Hamelech (about whom it is written "ve'Lo Hayah Levavo Shalem ... ki'Levav David Aviv".
Why might ...
  1. ... Avshalom nevertheless *not* have lost his portion in the world to Come?
  2. ... Shlomoh nevertheless not have lost *his*?
  3. ... David Hamelech not have been Chayav for committing adultery with Bas Sheva?
  4. ... Uri'ah ha'Chiti not have been Chayav for calling Yo'av 'my master' in David's presence?
(b) What did Rebbi Eliezer answer his questioners when they asked him ...
  1. ... whether a Mamzer inherits?
  2. ... whether nowadays, it is permitted to whiten one's house with lime?
(a) That wise woman asked Rebbi Eliezer why there were *three* different sets of punishments - even though there was *only* one sin.
What was his retort?

(b) Rav and Levi answered her Kashya: one of them explained that those who Shechted or burned the Eigel were killed by the sword; those who embraced or kissed it, died by pestilence, and those who merely rejoiced with it, died by dropsy.
Why was the first group killed by the sword and not by stoning (the regular punishment for Avodah-Zarah)?

(c) What did the other one answer?

11) If the entire tribe of Levi did not sin by the Eigel, as Ravina quoted Rav Yehudah as saying, then what does the Torah mean when it describes in ve'Zos ha'Berachah, how the B'nei Levi had no pity even on their own parents, their brothers or their sons - implying that all of these (who must have been Levi'im, too) sinned by the Eigel?


(a) In fact, Rabah bar bar Chanah concludes, it was the Alexandrians, not the Babylonians, who used to tear out the hair of the Sa'ir la'Azaz'el on Yom Kipur
Then why does the Tana of our Mishnah refer to them as Babylonians?

(b) Why was Rebbi Yossi pleased with this explanation?

(c) What would the Alexandrians say as they tore out the hair of the Sa'ir la'Azaz'el?

Answers to questions
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