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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 65

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) 'Rebbi Yehudah Omer, Tamus'.
To which animal is he referring, the first, or the second, and according to ...
  1. ... Rebbi Yochanan?
  2. ... Rav?
(b) What is the problem with Rebbi Yochanan from Rebbi Yehudah's second statement: 'Nishpach ha'Dam, Yamus ha'Mishtale'ach'?
(a) Why do we ...
1. ... accept Rebbi Yehudah's statement 'Nishpach ha'Dam, Yamus ha'Mishtale'ach'?
2 ... query his statement 'Meis ha'Mishtale'ach, Yishafech ha'Dam'?
(b) We answer this with the Pasuk "Yo'omad Chai Lifnei Hashem Lechaper Alav". What do we learn from there that dispenses with our query?
(a) If the Sheluchim who are carrying the town's Shekalim lose them or if the money is stolen, to whom must they swear (that they were not careless etc.) ...
  1. ... if the Terumas ha'Lishkah *was* already emptied?
  2. ... if it was *not*?
(b) Should the money turn up, then both lots are Shekalim, and, according to the Tana Kama, the people are obligated to give their half-Shekel again the following year.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say, and what is his reason?

(c) How do we reconcile this with the Par and the Sa'ir of Yom Kipur, where Rebbi Yehudah himself says that, if they were lost, re-placed and then found, they must die. Why can they too, not be brought the following year? How do we initially answer this with a statement from Rebbi Oshaya?

(d) How does Rebbi Oshaya learn this from the Pasuk in Pinchas "Zos Olas Chodesh be'Chodsho"?

4) What do Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon say about the Par and the Sa'ir that were lost, re-placed and found?

Answers to questions



(a) If Rebbi Yehudah's reason (for saying that the Sa'ir of Yom Kipur that was lost, re-placed and found must die) is because of the Pasuk "Zos Olas Chodesh be'Chodsho", why will it then be restricted to the Sa'ir, but not to the Par?

(b) On what grounds do we reject the contention (on this and each of the subsequent answers) that we decree the Par because of the Sa'ir?

(c) We even reject our original contention by the Sa'ir, from the statement of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel: 'Korbenos Tzibur ha'Ba'in be'Echad be'Nisan, Mitzvah Lehavi min he'Chadash ... '.
How does that statement serve to refute our original contention? What is the conclusion of that statement?

6) We then try to explain Rebbi Yehudah's Din of 'Yamusu' because Hagralah cannot fix the Sa'ir from one year to the next.
On what grounds do we ...
  1. ... reject that contention?
  2. ... reject the contention that it is because people might say that Hagralah fixes the goats from one year to the next?
  3. ... reject the contention that Rebbi Yehudah says Yamusu because the Kohen Gadol might die, and a Chatas she'Meisah Be'alehah, Tamus?
(a) The Rabbanan suggested to Abaye that the reason that Rebbi Yehudah says 'Tamus' is because Gezeirah Mishum Chatas she'Avrah Shenasah'.
What is the problem with this statement?

(b) The Gemara answers that they hold like Rebbi.
What does Rebbi say (with regard to Batei Arei Chomah)?

(c) Why will this answer not work for the Par?

(d) We reject this answer too, on the same grounds as we rejected the previous ones, as well as to the fact that a Chatas she'Avrah Shenasah does not die.
To what does Resh Lakish compare it?

(a) By Batei Arei Chomah, what do the Chachamim consider a year?

(b) What happens in a leap year? To whose advantage do the extra thirty days go, the seller or the purchaser?

Answers to questions
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