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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 60

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) We just stated categorically that whenever the Mitzvah has been completed, Me'ilah no longer applies.
Then how will we account for the fact that there *is* Me'ilah by the ashes of the Terumas ha'Deshen and by the Bigdei Kohen Gadol of Yom Kipur?

(b) According to Rebbi Dosa, in whose opinion the Bigdei Kohen Gadol are not forbidden, why is Terumas ha'Deshen not a 'Binyan Av' - to teach us that Me'ilah *always* applies - even *after* the Mitzvah has been completed?

(c) Similarly, according to those who maintain that we *do* learn a Binyan Av from two sources, why do we not learn from Terumas ha'Deshen and Eglah Arufah (according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Dosa), that Me'ilah applies even *after* the Mitzvah has been completed?

(a) We need one of the three Pesukim written by blood: "Lachem", "Lechaper" and "Hu" - to preclude Kodshim whose Mitzvah has been concluded, from Me'ilah. What do the other two come to preclude?

(b) Why do neither of them come to preclude the blood of Kodshim from Pigul?

(c) We learn this from Shelamim.
How do we find these two conditions fulfilled by Shelamim?

(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah say regarding the Avodah of Yom Kipur that the Torah writes in a specific sequence?

(b) What must the Kohen Gadol do ...

  1. ... if he sprinkled the blood of the goat before that of the bull?
  2. ... if, before he concluded the Matanos of the bull (for example) in the Kodesh Kodshim, or those in the Heichal, the blood spilled?
(c) Will the same apply if the blood spilled before he had concluded the Matanos on the Mizbe'ach ha'Penimi?

(d) From where did he resume the Avodah if the blood spilled after he had concluded the Matanos ...

  1. ... in the Kodesh Kodashim?
  2. ... in the Heichal?
4) In which point do Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon disagree with the Tana Kama?


(a) Rebbi Yehudah restricts the Din of our Mishnah to Avodos that the Kohen Gadol performed *inside* the Kodesh Kodashim wearing the white garments, but not to Avodos that he performed *outside* wearing the white garments. To which Avodos does the latter refer?

(b) Why will Rebbi Yehudah agree by the Shechitah and the Chafinah that the order is crucial, even though they are performed outside the Kodesh Kodashim?

(c) Rebbi Nechemyah is more stringent than Rebbi Yehudah.
What does *he* say?

Answers to questions



(a) Both Tana'im derive their respective opinions from the Pasuk "Vehaysah Zos Lachem le'Chukas Olam Achas ba'Shanah".
What do we initially learn from this Pasuk with which everybody agrees.

(b) Rebbi Yochanan initially explains, according to Rebbi Nechemyah that every atonement that occured once a year was included in Chukah.
How does he explain Rebbi Yehudah?

(c) Why does the Gemara not like this interpretation of Rebbi Yehudah's opinion?

(d) How do we then explain Rebbi Yehudah's opinion from the words "Zos" and "Achas"?

(a) Rebbi Nechemyah agrees that one of the words comes to exclude all Avodos that he performed in the Bigdei *Zahav* from 'Chukah'.
What does he learn from the second one?

(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about that?

(a) "ve'Chilah mi'Kaper es ha'Kodesh". Rebbi Akiva explains 'Im Kipar, Kilah, ve'Im Lo Kipar, Lo Kilah'.
What does he mean?

(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(c) Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi argue over whether Rebbi Yehudah is saying the same thing as Rebbi Akiva, or whether he really comes to argue with him. Our Sugya holds that he comes to argue.
What is he then saying?

(d) What have we proved from here?

(a) What is the problem with Rebbi Yochanan's statement (that, according to Rebbi Nechemyah, the Avodah of the Shirayim is not crucial)?

(b) How do we deal with this Kashya?

(a) Rebbi Chanina says that if the Kohen Gadol performed the (first) Chafinah before Shechting the Par, he is not Yotze.
Can this go according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) What is the problem with this from our Mishnah which says that if the blood of the Par spilled before the Kohen Gadol had concluded the Matanos in the Kodesh Kodashim, he must sprinkle all over again (i.e. Shecht another bull ... )? According to Rebbi Chanina, what ought the Tana to have said?

(c) How do we answer this Kashya?

11) Ula says that if the Kohen Gadol Shechted the goat before having performed the Matanos of the bull, he will have to Shecht another goat.
In that case, when the Tana of our Mishnah says that if he performed the Matanos of the goat before those of the bull, he must sprinkle the blood of the goat again - why does he not add that he must also Shecht another goat?

Answers to questions
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