REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 57
YOMA 57 - David Warm of Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland, has dedicated the
Daf in memory of his dear late mother and father, Devorah bas Dovid & Arieh
Leib ben Zvi.
(a) Based on the previous Sugya, where we learned Achas Lema'alah in the
Kodesh Kodashim by the Par from the goat, and the Sheva Lematah by the
Sa'ir from the Par, what problem does the Gemara have with learning the
Matanos of the Heichal from those of the D'vir (from "ve'Chein Ya'aseh
(b) We answer with the principle that 'Heimenu ve'Davar Acher' is not
called a Hekesh.
What does this mean?
(c) Those who do consider this a Hekesh answer ...
- ... 'Mekomos Hu de'Gamri me'Hadadi'.
What does that mean?
- ... 'Chutz mi'bi'Fenim be'Chada Zimna Gamar'.
What does this mean?
(a) What did Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yossi profess to have seen in Rome, and
what was he proving with his testimony?
(b) Why can what he saw not have been the marks of blood from the Par
He'elam Davar shel Tzibur or that of the Se'irei Avodah-Zarah?
(c) Where did Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yossi see the Paroches, and what was he
(d) What did he choose?
(a) In another Mishnah, Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yossi claimed to have seen the
Paroches with the marks of blood from the Par He'elam Davar shel Tzibur or
that of the Se'irei Avodah-Zarah.
What was he proving with his testimony?
(b) Why can what he saw not have been the blood-stains from the bull and
the goat of Yom Kipur?
(a) Rava maintained that if the blood of the bull and of the goat got mixed
up before any of it had been sprinkled in the Kodesh Kodashim, the Kohen
Gadol would simply sprinkle one above and seven below, thereby fulfilling
both the Mitzvah concerning the bull and that of the goat simultaneously.
What did Rebbi Yirmiyah (a Yerushalmi) exclaim. How did he describe Rava?
So what did Rava advocate that the Kohen Gadol do in the previous case?
(b) What ought the Kohen Gadol to do according to him?
(c) What did Rav Papa rule in a case where the two bloods got mixed up, but
only *after* the Achas le'Ma'alah of the blood of the bull?
(d) Rava learned his lesson.
What did he in turn, say to Rav Papa? What
was wrong with Rav Papa's suggestion?
Answers to questions
(a) What should the Kohen Gadol do if the two cups got mixed up before he
began sprinkling the blood of the bull?
(b) If some of the two sets of blood became mixed (in a third bowl), and
some did not, then it is obvious that he sprinkles the blood that remained
What She'eilah does Rav Papa have with regard to the blood that
is mixed? Why might it not be considered Shirayim?
(c) What is the difference whether the blood is called 'Shirayim' or
'Dachuy'? What does 'Dachuy' mean?
(d) Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua disagrees. According to him, the blood
in the third bowl is definitely *not* considered Dachuy.
(a) How does the Tana Kama of the Beraisa resolve the discrepancy between
the Pasuk in Vayikra (regarding the Chatas Sa'ir of the Nasi) "ve'es Damo
Yishpoch" and the Pasuk there (regarding the Chatas Yachid) which writes
"ve'es *Kol* Damo Yishpoch"?
(b) What does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon say? What is his source?
(c) What does he then preclude from pouring on to the Yesod from the Pasuk
which omits the word "Kol"?
(a) Why do we initially establish our Mishnah (which learns that the blood
of the Par and of the Sa'ir had to be mixed and placed together on to the
corners of the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav) like Rebbi Yeshayah? What does *he* say
with regard to the Pasuk in Kedoshim "... Ish Ish Asher Yekalel es Aviv
ve'es Imo ... "?
(b) How does Rebbi Yonasan explain this Pasuk? How ought he therefore to
rule with regard to the blood of the Par and of the Sa'ir?
(c) How do we try to reconcile our Mishnah even with Rebbi Yonasan?
(a) The Beraisa however, corroborates the Gemara's original contention,
establishing our Mishnah like Rebbi Yashiyah.
Answers to questions
What is the Beraisa's
source for ...
1. ... Rebbi Yashiyah, who says that the two sets of blood should be placed
on the corners of the Mizbe'ach mixed?
(b) How will Rebbi Yonasan explain the word "Achas"?
2. ... Rebbi Yonasan who says that the two sets of blood should be placed
on the corners of the Mizbe'ach independently (in spite of the Pasuk