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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 49

YOMA 49-50 (6 & 7 Adar) were dedicated by Harav Avi Feldman & family in memory of his father, the Tzadik Harav Yisrael Azriel ben Harav Chaim (Feldman) of Milwaukee (Yahrzeit: 6 Adar)


(a) They asked Rav Chisda whether Holachah is Kasher if performed by a Zar. He answered with a Pasuk from Divrei ha'Yamim "Vayishchatu ha'Pesach Vayizreku ha'Kohanim mi'Yadam ... ".
How does Rav Chisda interpret this Pasuk, and what does he prove from there?

(b) On what grounds does Rav Sheshes disagree with Rav Chisda?

(c) How does *he* then interpret the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim?

(d) In view of the fact that Rav Sheshes was aware of this Beraisa, how could he initially rule that Holachah is Kasher with the left hand?

(a) Rav Papa asks whether if, another Kohen performs the Chafinah before transferring the Ketores into the hands of the Kohen Gadol - who has the same size hands as his.
Why should the Avodah *not* be Kasher?

(b) Why should the Avodah be Kasher?

(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi asks whether, if the Kohen Gadol died, his successor would be permitted to take the Ketores into the Kodesh Kodshim without performing a fresh Chafinah (see Tosfos Yeshanim DH 'Chafan u'Mes'). What was Rebbi Chanina's reaction when he first heard this She'eilah (in the name of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi)?

(b) What is the problem with this from the testimony of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi regarding permission from Rebbi Chanina to eat cress on Shabbos?

(c) How do we therefore amend Rebbi Chanina's statement to read?

(a) What problem do we have with Rebbi Chanina's concession for a sick person to eat cress on Shabbos?

(b) What then, *did* Rebbi Chanina permit?

(c) May one grind herbs for a sick person on Shabbos? Then why did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi need to ask in the first place?

(d) Why did he choose to ask specifically Rebbi Chanina?

(a) Is it possible to survive a bite sustained from a white mule?

(b) Then why did Rebbi Chanina say that it was *not*?

(c) To which kind of white mule was he referring?

(a) What does Rebbi Chanina mean by 'be'Par ve'Lo be'Damo shel Par'?

(b) What did Rebbi Chanina also say with regard to the Chafinah which preceded the Shechitah of the bull?

(c) How does this create a problem with his comment with regard to the She'eilah of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi?

(d) How do we amend that comment?

(a) What is the She'eilah of 'Chofen ve'Chozer ve'Chofen'?

(b) Why does Rav Papa think that if 'Chofen ve'Chozer ve'Chofen', then Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi's She'eilah will be resolved, too?

(c) Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua disagrees with him.

(d) In which point do Rav Papa and Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua agree?

Answers to questions



(a) In which of two possible ways would the Kohen Gadol hold the Kaf containing the Ketores, before pouring it into his hands?

(b) Where did this take place?

(c) Where was the Machtah?

(d) How did he then perform the second Chafinah?

(a) What did he then do with the Ketores?

(b) Some say that he *piled* it on top of the ashes at one point in the pan; others, that he *scattered* it across the entire area.
What are their respective reasons?

(c) This second Chafinah was one of the three most difficult Avodos in the Beis Hamikdash.
What were the other two?

(d) What have we finally proved from this Beraisa?

(a) According to Rebbi Chanina, should the Kohen Gadol die after he has Shechted his bull, his successor does not bring its blood into the Kodesh Kodshim for sprinkling (i.e. he has to bring a second bull, and begin with its Shechitah).
Why is that?

(b) What does Resh Lakish hold?

(c) Rebbi Ami holds like Rebbi Chanina.
How does he attempt to disprove Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha (who holds like Resh Lakish) from the Beraisa in Pesachim, which states that one may join a group for the Korban Pesach or withdraw from it, up to the time that it is Shechted?

(d) How does Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha refute that proof? Why is the Korban Pesach different?

(a) Why can one not redeem a Peter Chamor (a first-born donkey) with
  1. ... a calf or with a deer?
  2. ... a *Shechted* lamb (according to the Gemara's initial reasoning)?
  3. ... a Tereifah (one of seventy fatal blemishes)?
(b) Can one redeem it with Kil'ayim (a cross between a goat and a lamb) or a K'vi? What is a K'vi?
(a) How do we try to prove Rebbi Chanina's viewpoint from this Beraisa?

(b) On what grounds do we refute this proof?

(c) What do we learn from the redundant "Tifdeh" mentioned in Bo in the Parshah of Pidyon Peter Chamor?

Answers to questions
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