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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 47

YOMA 46-48 - have been anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie.

***** Perek Hotzi'u Lo *****


(a) 'They brought him (the Kohen Gadol) the Kaf (the small bowl) and the Machtah' (the fire-pan). Where did they bring it from? Were they full or empty?

(b) The Kohen Gadol then made Chafinah.
What is 'Chafinah'?

(c) How much Ketores did he take?

(d) In which hand did he take each of the two vessels?

(a) But did we not already learn above that the Kohen Gadol was holding the pan with the burning coals?

(b) What problem does the Gemara have with the Kaf?

(c) Why then, does there have to be one (see also, question 3)?

(d) From where do we learn that it must be specifically a *Kaf*?

(a) Why could the Kohen Gadol not bring the pan into the Kodesh Kodshim with his hands, and bring in the handful of Ketores separately?

(b) So why can he not place the pan on top of the Ketores, and then, once he is inside the Kodesh Kodshim, let him take it with his teeth?

(c) Would it not have been more appropriate to hold the Kaf with the *Ketores* in his *right*-hand, and the pan with the *coal* in his *left*?

(d) What was special about Rebbi Yishmael ben Kimchis? Why did even *he* hold the Kaf and the pan in the same hands as all the other Kohanim Gedolim?

(a) When Rebbi Yishmael ben Kimchis said that the 'Zered' of his mother was special, he might have been referring to the type of health-food made from wheat which they used to give pregnant women.
What else might he have meant?

(b) Who were Yeshevav and Yosef, and why did they both substitute for their Rebbi Yishmael ben Kimchis on two different occasions?

(c) How many children did Kimchis have, and what did she do to merit that all of them served as Kohanim Gedolim at one time or another?

(d) How does this tie up with the Pasuk in Mishlei "Kol Kevudah bas Melech Penimah, mi'Mishbetzos Zahav Levushah"?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "ve'Heirim Mimenu *be'Kumtzo*"?

(b) By the Chafinah, the Torah writes "Me'lo Chafnav" (and not "be'Chafnav").
What She'eilah does this give rise to (bearing in mind a second Pasuk, written with regard to the Kometz "ve'Kamatz mi'Sham *Me'lo*- Kumtzo")? What is the other side of the Sh'eilah?

(c) How do we attempt to resolve the She'eilah from our Mishnah 've'Kach Haysah Midasah'?

(d) We reject this proof, because there is another way of explaining the Mishnah.
What is it?

(a) Based on the previous answer, which important Halachah emerges?

(b) What is the third possible way of explaining ve'Kach Haysah Midasah' in our Mishnah?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk (written with regard to the Kemitzah) ...
  1. ... "be'Kumtzo"?
  2. ... "Me'lo Kumtzo"?
(b) How did the Kohen perform Kemitzah?

(c) Why was the Kemitzah by a Minchas Machavas or Marcheshes more difficult to perform than a Minchas Soles?

(d) So what extra care did the Kohen have to take when performing the Kemitzah on account of that?

Answers to questions


8) Which two Avodos combine with the Kemitzah to form the triumvirate of most difficult Avodos in the Beis Hamikdash?


(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Uza'ah asked about the flour between the fingers (that did not protrude).
What was his She'eilah?

(b) How does Rav Papa divide the flour under discussion into three categories? Which of the three is in question here?

(c) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Uza'ah himself concluded that it remains a Safek. What did they therefore do with it?

(d) Why did they not first burn the Safek, and then the Kometz?

(a) The previous ruling seems to be a question of 'out of the frying-pan into the fire'. How could they burn the Safek on the Mizbe'ach, seeing as it might be Shirayim, and we have already learn that burning the Shirayim is forbidden?

(b) We initially answer with the ruling of Rebbi Eliezer.
Which case does Rebbi Eliezer deal with, and what is his ruling?

(c) According to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Eliezer, we answer 'de'Kamtzi Shemeini'.
What does that mean?

(d) Will Rebbi Eliezer concede the concept of 'de'Kamtzi Shemeini'?

(a) Rav Papa asked about the *Ketores* that protruded from between the fingers. Initially, he seemed to be asking whether or not, we learn a 'Gezeirah Shavah' ("Me'lo" "Me'lo") from Kemitzah.
What is the problem with that?

(b) We answer that, it may well be that even without the 'Gezeirah Shavah', the She'eilah will apply here, and it will depend whether we Darshen "Me'lo Chafnav ve'Heivi" or "ve'Lakach ve'Heivi".
What are the two sides of the She'eilah?

(a) We already learned above that the Kemitzah was normally performed with the hand held sideways. Rav Papa asks whether the Kemitzah will be valid if he does it in an unusual way.
What is the meaning of ...
  1. ... 'Roshei Etzbe'osav'?
  2. ... 'mi'Lema'alah le'Matah'?
  3. ... 'min ha'Tzedadim'?
(b) He asks the same three Sha'alos with regard to Chafinah.
What *additional* She'eilah does he ask there?

(c) How does one normally perform the Chafinah?

Answers to questions
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