REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 47
YOMA 46-48 - have been anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to
Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas
***** Perek Hotzi'u Lo *****
(a) 'They brought him (the Kohen Gadol) the Kaf (the small bowl) and the
Machtah' (the fire-pan). Where did they bring it from? Were they full or
(b) The Kohen Gadol then made Chafinah.
What is 'Chafinah'?
(c) How much Ketores did he take?
(d) In which hand did he take each of the two vessels?
(a) But did we not already learn above that the Kohen Gadol was holding the
pan with the burning coals?
(b) What problem does the Gemara have with the Kaf?
(c) Why then, does there have to be one (see also, question 3)?
(d) From where do we learn that it must be specifically a *Kaf*?
(a) Why could the Kohen Gadol not bring the pan into the Kodesh Kodshim
with his hands, and bring in the handful of Ketores separately?
(b) So why can he not place the pan on top of the Ketores, and then, once he
is inside the Kodesh Kodshim, let him take it with his teeth?
(c) Would it not have been more appropriate to hold the Kaf with the
*Ketores* in his *right*-hand, and the pan with the *coal* in his *left*?
(d) What was special about Rebbi Yishmael ben Kimchis? Why did even *he*
hold the Kaf and the pan in the same hands as all the other Kohanim Gedolim?
(a) When Rebbi Yishmael ben Kimchis said that the 'Zered' of his mother was
special, he might have been referring to the type of health-food made from
wheat which they used to give pregnant women.
What else might he have
(b) Who were Yeshevav and Yosef, and why did they both substitute for their
Rebbi Yishmael ben Kimchis on two different occasions?
(c) How many children did Kimchis have, and what did she do to merit that
all of them served as Kohanim Gedolim at one time or another?
(d) How does this tie up with the Pasuk in Mishlei "Kol Kevudah bas Melech
Penimah, mi'Mishbetzos Zahav Levushah"?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "ve'Heirim Mimenu *be'Kumtzo*"?
(b) By the Chafinah, the Torah writes "Me'lo Chafnav" (and not
What She'eilah does this give rise to (bearing in mind a
second Pasuk, written with regard to the Kometz "ve'Kamatz mi'Sham *Me'lo*-
Kumtzo")? What is the other side of the Sh'eilah?
(c) How do we attempt to resolve the She'eilah from our Mishnah 've'Kach
(d) We reject this proof, because there is another way of explaining the
What is it?
(a) Based on the previous answer, which important Halachah emerges?
(b) What is the third possible way of explaining ve'Kach Haysah Midasah' in
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk (written with regard to the Kemitzah)
Answers to questions
(b) How did the Kohen perform Kemitzah?
- ... "be'Kumtzo"?
- ... "Me'lo Kumtzo"?
(c) Why was the Kemitzah by a Minchas Machavas or Marcheshes more difficult
to perform than a Minchas Soles?
(d) So what extra care did the Kohen have to take when performing the
Kemitzah on account of that?
Which two Avodos combine with the Kemitzah to form the triumvirate of most
difficult Avodos in the Beis Hamikdash?
(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Uza'ah asked about the flour between the fingers
(that did not protrude).
What was his She'eilah?
(b) How does Rav Papa divide the flour under discussion into three
categories? Which of the three is in question here?
(c) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Uza'ah himself concluded that it remains a Safek.
What did they therefore do with it?
(d) Why did they not first burn the Safek, and then the Kometz?
(a) The previous ruling seems to be a question of 'out of the frying-pan
into the fire'. How could they burn the Safek on the Mizbe'ach, seeing as it
might be Shirayim, and we have already learn that burning the Shirayim is
(b) We initially answer with the ruling of Rebbi Eliezer.
Which case does
Rebbi Eliezer deal with, and what is his ruling?
(c) According to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Eliezer, we answer 'de'Kamtzi
What does that mean?
(d) Will Rebbi Eliezer concede the concept of 'de'Kamtzi Shemeini'?
(a) Rav Papa asked about the *Ketores* that protruded from between the
fingers. Initially, he seemed to be asking whether or not, we learn a
'Gezeirah Shavah' ("Me'lo" "Me'lo") from Kemitzah.
What is the problem
(b) We answer that, it may well be that even without the 'Gezeirah Shavah',
the She'eilah will apply here, and it will depend whether we Darshen "Me'lo
Chafnav ve'Heivi" or "ve'Lakach ve'Heivi".
What are the two sides of the
(a) We already learned above that the Kemitzah was normally performed with
the hand held sideways. Rav Papa asks whether the Kemitzah will be valid if
he does it in an unusual way.
Answers to questions
What is the meaning of ...
(b) He asks the same three Sha'alos with regard to Chafinah.
- ... 'Roshei Etzbe'osav'?
- ... 'mi'Lema'alah le'Matah'?
- ... 'min ha'Tzedadim'?
*additional* She'eilah does he ask there?
(c) How does one normally perform the Chafinah?