REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 44
YOMA 44 (1 Adar 5759) - dedicated by my mother on the Yahrzeit of my
father's father, Mordecai [ben Elimelech Shmuel] Kornfeld, who perished in
the Holocaust along with most of his family. May the deaths of the Kedoshim
of the Holocaust atone for Klal Yisrael like Korbanos.
(a) The Torah writes in Acharei-Mos "ve'Chol Adam Lo Yihye be'Ohel Mo'ed ...
be'Vo'o Lechaper ba'Kodesh".
What do we learn (with regard to location)
(b) And what do we learn (with regard to the time) from ...
- .... "be'Ohel Mo'ed"?
- ... "ba'Kodesh"?
(c) And what do we learn from the order of the Pasuk "ve'Chiper Ba'ado,
u've'Ad Beiso, u've'Ad Kol Kehal Adas Yisrael"?
- ... "be'Vo'o Lechaper"?
- ... "Ad Tzeiso"?
(a) The Beraisa requires "be'Vo'o Lechaper" to include the Matan Damim in
Why would we otherwise have thought that the prohibition
is restricted to the Ketores?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Korach "Vayiten es ha'Ketores
Vayechaper al ha'Am".
(c) Why does the Ketores atone specifically for the sin of Lashon ha'Ra?
(d) When did they vacate only the Heichal, and when was it necessary to
vacate even Bein ha'Ulam ve'la'Mizbe'ach?
(a) On *three* occasions (besides that of the bull and the goat of Yom
Kipur) the blood of the Korban was sprinkled towards the Paroches. One of
them was the bull of the Kohen Gadol's Chatas (which, like the Chata'os of
Yom Kipur, was also sprinkled on the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores).
Why does Rebbi Yossi then differentiate between the Haktarah of the Heichal
and that of the Kodesh Kodshim, and not between the other Avodos (i.e. the
Matan Damim) of the Heichal and those of the Kodesh Kodshim?
Which were the
(b) Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa differentiates between the Avodah of Haktarah
and the other Avodos, with regard to vacating even the area of Bein ha'Ulam
ve'la'Mizbe'ach. How do we initially interpret 'Haktarah' and why is this
a Kashya on what we just learned above (in 2d)?
(c) We answer that Haktarah refers to that of the Heichal (and not of the
Why does this create a problem with the continuation of
the Beraisa (which explains the advantage of the Heichal over the Bein
ha'Ulam ve'la'Mizbe'ach as being that one must vacate the Heichal even
during the Avodos that are not Haktarah? Which Avodos does the Gemara think
the Tana refers to here?
(d) How do we explain the Beraisa to answer this Kashya? What *does*
Answers to questions
From where do we learn that the Heichal must be vacated by the Par Kohen
Mashi'ach, the Par He'elam Davar, and the Se'eirei Avodas Kochavim (even
though the Halachah of vacating it is mentioned only by the Avodah on Yom
(a) The Mishnah in Keilim divides Eretz Yisrael into ten levels of Kedushah
- the last five being: the Ezras Yisrael, the Ezras Kohanim, between the
Ulam and the Mizbe'ach, the Heichal and the Kodesh Kodshim (Note: the Ulam
itself will be discussed shortly).
How do we try to prove from the fact
that Chazal decreed that Bein ha'Ulam ve'la'Mizbe'ach must be vacated, that
these ten levels must be mi'd'Oraysa?
(b) How is this contention repudiated?
(c) Then how do we try to prove from the same decree that the Kedushah of
the Ulam and that of the Heichal must be one and the same?
(d) On what grounds do we repudiate that contention?
(a) Why did they make the fire-pan for the daily Ketores out of silver and
not out of gold?
Rav Ashi establishes that opinion even like Rebbi Yossi.
(b) Then why did they not do the same with the fire-pan of Yom Kipur?
(c) What did they do with the Kav of coals which must have spilt on to the
floor when (during the year) the Kohen poured the four Kabin of coals from
the silver pan into the golden one of three Kabin?
(d) According to Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah (who says that the Kohen Gadol
poured from a pan holding a Sa'ah into one of three Kabin, *three* Kabin
will have spilled. According to Rav Chisda, the author of the Beraisa, which
speaks about *two* Kabin spilling, is Rebbi Yishmael Be'no shel Rebbi
Yochanan ben Berokah.
What does *he* say?
How is this
(a) What made the pan of Yom Kipur lighter than that of the whole year?
(b) Why did the Yom Kipur pan have a longer handle?
(c) What did the Yom Kipur fire-pan have that the other pans did not -
according to ben ha'S'gan?
(a) There are seven kinds of gold: What do we learn from the Pasuk in
Bereishis "u'Zehav ha'Aretz Hahi Tov"?
Answers to questions
(b) What is ...
(c) What is ...
- ... Zahav Ofir?
- ... Zahav Mufaz?
- ... Zahav Shachut?
(d) In view of the above, how does Rav Ashi lists only *five*?
- ... Zahav Sagur?
- ... Zahav Parvayim?