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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 32

YOMA 32-35 - anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie


(a) The Torah in Acharei-Mos writes "u'Va Aharon el Ohel Mo'ed", without saying what he did there.
What *is* the Torah referring to?

(b) Why must this Pasuk be out of place?

(c) Which Avodah came between bringing the Ketores into the Kodesh Kodshim, and the removal of the 'spoon' and the fire-pan?

(d) Which two Avodos (performed in the eight Begadim of the Kohen Gadol) followed it?

(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah learn from the Pasuk "u'Va Aharon ... u'Fashat es Bigdei ha'Bad, ve'Rachatz es Besaro ba'Mayim ... ve'Lavash es Begadav ... "?

(b) What does Rebbi learn from the Pasuk "Kesones Bad Kodesh ... Bigdei Kodesh Heim, *ve'Rachatz ba'Mayim es Besaro u'Leveisham*"?

(a) We already discussed the *last* four sets of Avodah in the Bigdei Lavan, Zahav, Lavan and Zahav respectively.
What was the *first* set of Avodos that the Kohen Gadol performed in Bigdei Zahav before the Ketores?

(b) What does Rebbi learn from "u'Fashat, ve'Rachatz, ve'Lavash" (in Rebbi Yehudah's Pasuk)?

(c) How does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon learn this from a 'Kal va'Chomer' from the whole year round?

(d) What does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon (who concurs with Rebbi Yehudah) learn from "u'Fashat es Bigdei ha'Bad *Asher Lavash*"?

Answers to questions



(a) From the Pasuk "u'Va Aharon el Ohel Mo'ed ... " (Rebbi Yehudah's source) we only know that changing from Bigdei *Lavan* to Bigdei *Zahav* requires Tevilah, but not vice-versa. Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael learn it from a Kal va'Chomer.
Which Kal va'Chomer?

(b) What Kashya can we ask on the Kal va'Chomer?

(c) So we try to learn it from Rebbi's Pasuk ("Kesones Bad Kodesh Yilbash ... ") - which speaks about changing from the Bigdei Zahav into the Bigdei Lavan - from a Kal ve'Chomer (from what served before as the Kashya). And there too, we end up with a Kashya (from what served before as the Kal va'Chomer).
How do we finally learn that by *all* changes of clothing on Yom Kipur, the Kohen Gadol requires Tevilah?

(a) We learn that each Tevilah requires two Kidushei Yadayim ve'Raglayim from "u'Fashat, *ve'Rachatz*, ve'Lavash".
Since when does "ve'Rachatz" mean Kidush Yadayim ve'Raglayim?

(b) Then why does the Torah write "ve'Rachatz" and not "ve'Kidash"?

(c) But all this goes according to Rebbi.
From where does Rebbi Yehudah (who learns Tevilah from "u'Va Aharon el Ohel Mo'ed ... ve'Rachatz Besaro") learn Kidush Yadayim ve'Raglayim by each change of clothes on Yom Kipur?

(a) According to Rebbi Meir, the first Kidush is performed *after* the Kohen Gadol has removed his first set of clothes, and the second, after he has put on the second.
When are they performed according to ...
  1. ... Rebbi (according to Rav Chisda)?
  2. ... the Rabbanan of Rebbi Meir?
(b) What does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "O be'Gishtam el ha'Mizbe'ach" (in this regard)?

(c) Why can Rav Chisda not possibly agree with Rav Acha bar Ya'akov or vice- versa?

(a) 'Heivi Lo es ha'Tamid, Kartzo'.
What does 'Kartzo' mean?

(b) How much of the animal's neck does this entail Shechting?

(c) Why is it not possible to say that without the Miruk (the completion of the Shechitah by a second Kohen) the Shechitah would be Pasul?

(a) Why is the Mishnah in Chulin 'Rov Shenayim be'Vehemah' superfluous?

(b) How does Resh Lakish establish the Mishnah? What is it coming to teach us?

(c) Why might we otherwise have thought that, by Kodshim, the Shechitah would be Pasul until it is completed?

(d) Seeing as the Shechitah is, in fact Kasher (even mi'de'Rabbanan), why is it necessary for the second Kohen to perform Miruk?

Answers to questions
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