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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 28

YOMA 27, 28, 29 (16 Shevat), 30 - have been dedicated by Gitle Bekelnitzky for the 38th Yahrzeit of Leah bas Mordechai Dovid and Chasya (Bikelnitzky), mother of her late husband, Simcha Bekelnitzky.


(a) Rebbi Yochanan, who lists the Sidur Sh'nei Gizrei Eitzim among the Avodos for which a Zar is Chayav Misah, argues with Rav and Levi (on 24a) who do not.
What is the basis of their dispute?

(b) How does the Gemara now attempt to prove Rebbi Yochanan right from the forthcoming Mishnah, where the Memuneh would ask the Kohanim to go and see if the time of Shechitah had arrived - why not the time for the Sidur Sh'nei Gizrei Eitzim?

(c) How do repudiate this proof?

***** Hadran Alach Perek ba'Rishonah! *****

***** Perek Amar Lahem ha'Memuneh *****


(a) Who was the Memuneh and what did he ask the Kohanim to do?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Kedoshim "be'Yom Zivchachem Ye'achel"?

(c) Whoever saw that the eastern horizon had lit up would call out 'Barkai'. What does 'Barkai' mean?

(d) What did Masya ben Shmu'el add to this 'Ad she'be'Chevron'.
Why was it so important to bring Chevron into this?

3) What is the difference between a Kohen who needed to go to the bathroom to defecate and one who needed to urinate?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana'im in a Beraisa argue whether the Memuneh said 'Barak Barkai', 'Alah Barkai' or 'He'ir P'nei Kol ha'Mizrach ad Chevron'.
What is the difference between 'Barak Barkai' and 'Alah Barkai'?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira adds to the latter opinion that people were already going to work (which presumably, was slightly later).
Which people? Why can it not refer to the employees?

(a) At what time of day did Avraham Daven Minchah (see Tosfos Yeshanim)?

(b) Why was Rav Yosef surprised that we should learn such a thing from Avraham?

(c) What precedent do we have to prove that we *do* in fact, learn such things from him?

(a) When is the earliest time that the Korban Tamid could be Shechted, and when was it actually Shechted then?

(b) What does Rav Yosef ask from that Mishnah in Pesachim on what we just learned from Avraham Avinu?

(c) How do we explain the walls of the Beis-Hamikdash to answer this Kashya?

(d) Alternatively, Avraham was different.
In which two ways was he different?

(a) What do we learn from the fact that the term 'Zaken' is used by each of the Avos?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Sh'mos "Lech ve'Asafta es *Ziknei* Yisrael?
  2. ... in Chayei Sarah "Vayomer Avraham el Avdo Z'kan Beiso ... "?
  3. ... "ha'Moshel be'Chol Asher Lo"?
(c) And what is the acronym of "Hu *Damesek* Eliezer?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Toldos "Eikev Asher Shama Avraham be'Koli"? Which Mitzvos does "be'Koli" incorporate?

(b) And what do we learn from the plural form of "ve'Sorosai"?

9) The Tana of our Mishnah explains that, according to Masyah ben Shmuel, after the man who saw that it was light announced that the east was light, somebody asked 'As far as Chevron'? and someone said 'Yes'.
What are the two possible ways of explaining who asked and who answered?


(a) Why is the Gemara surprised at the statement in our Mishnah that they once confused the shine of the sun with that of the moon?

(b) So how *did* it happen?

(c) What important lesson do we learn from here, and, besides the fact that it is a good time to spread out skins to dry, what Halachic application does it have?

(a) Why is the sun more powerful on a cloudy day?

(b) What is the Si'man for this?

(c) 'Shavriri de'Chamah Kashu me'Chamah'.
What does this mean, and why is that?

(d) What is the sign for this phenomenon?

Answers to questions
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