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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 25


(a) The Tana in Tamid describes how the Shamashim would dress the Kohanim each morning for the Avodah. They would first undress them, leaving them only in their pants.
How does Rav Nachman interpret this Mishnah (and use this Mishnah to prove that the Kohanim would perform the Terumas ha'Deshen in their weekday clothes)?

(b) Rav Sheshes establishes the Mishnah by those Kohanim who did not merit to perform the Terumas ha'Deshen in the first Payis.
How does he prove this?

(c) How does Rav Nachman counter that proof (to explain the Mishnah even if he is referring to those who *did* merit in the Payis)?

(a) The Lishkas ha'Gazis, in whose east-side the Payisos were held, was also known as the Basilki.
What is a 'Basilki'?

(b) What was the procedure of the Payis up to the time that the official counted the Kohanim's fingers? What was the role of the elder who sat in the west?

(c) What did Rav Sheshes try to prove from this Beraisa?

(d) How did Rav Nachman counter his proof?

(a) How do we prove from the above procedure that the Lishkas ha'Gazis was at least partly ...
  1. ... in the Chol?
  2. ... in the Kodesh?
(b) And how do we prove from there that it must have had two entrances?
(a) The second Payis determined the Avodos of thirteen Kohanim. Nine of these carried the various parts of the Tamid on to the ramp.
Which Avodos did the remaining four merit?

(b) Six of the nine carried the actual limbs of the lamb, the remaining three, the flour, the Chavitin and the wine respectively.
What exactly, is meant by ...

  1. ... the flour?
  2. ... the Chavitin?
  3. ... the wine?
(c) Three of the six carried the head and the hind-leg, the two forelegs and the tail respectively.
  1. Which of the hind-legs did the first one carry?
  2. What did the Kohen carry together with the tail?
(d) The other three carried the chest and the neck, the two flanks and the stomach.
What did the neck incorporate?
(a) If they only made one Payis for all the Avodos mentioned in our Mishnah, how would they determine the other twelve Avodos?

(b) How does the Gemara try to prove this interpretation?

(c) How do we resolve the four Payisos of our Mishnah even if they made a separate Payis for each Avodah?

Answers to questions



(a) If a separate Payis was required for each Avodah, how do we explain Rebbi Yehudah, who explains in a Beraisa that the Kohen who merited the Ketores (in the third Payis) would ask a second Kohen to go with him with the shovel? Why was he not chosen by means of a separate Payis?

(b) What did the Avodah of the shovel entail?

(c) On what two grounds do we reject the contention that it is only the Ketores and the shovel that require a combined Payis because they are part of the same Avodah (but that other Avodos each require an individual Payis)? Why would we have thought that the shovel requires a separate Payis more than other Avodos?

(d) How do we prove conclusively from a Beraisa that one Payis covered many Avodos?

(a) What causes the Gemara to doubt which Kohen had to receive the blood in a bowl, the Shochet or the Zorek?

(b) Why would it be better for ...

  1. ... the Shochet and not the Zorek to receive it?
  2. ... the Zorek and not the Shochet?
(c) Ben Katin manufactured *twelve* taps for the Kiyor (the basin from which the Kohanim would make Kidush Yadayim ve'Raglayim each morning). Considering that *thirteen* Avodos are listed in our Mishnah, why did he not manufacture *thirteen* taps?

(d) How do we finally resolve from here that it must have been the Zorek who received the blood?

(a) Ben Azai quoting Rebbi Yehoshua, told Rebbi Akiva that the order in which they brought the limbs on the Mizbe'ach followed the order that the animal walked. According to Rebbi Yossi, it was the way the animal was stripped.
From which end did they strip the animal, from the legs or from the head?

(b) What does Rebbi Akiva hold?

(c) Rebbi Yossi Hagelili holds 'Derech Iluyav Hayah Karev'.
What does that mean?

(d) How do we reconcile Rebbi Yossi Hagelili (which places the shoulder before the thigh) with the Pasuk in Yechezkel "Kol Netach Tov, *Yerech ve'Katef*"?

(a) If our Tana follows the order of the limbs' value - lust like Rebbi Yossi Hagelili - what is the difference between them?

(b) What do all the above Tana'im learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "es Rosho ve'es Pidro ve'Arach"?

(c) The Torah writes a second time "es ha'Nesachim es ha'Rosh ve'es ha'Pader".
Why does the Torah find it necessary to mention separately ...

  1. ... the head?
  2. ... the Pader?
Answers to questions
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