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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 24


(a) The Gemara asks whether we should learn the amount of ashes to be taken for the Terumas ha'Deshen from Terumas Ma'aser or from Terumas Midyan (see Tosfos as to why we do not learn from Terumah Gedolah that there is no specific Shiur at all).
What are the ramifications of the She'eilah?

(b) In fact, we learn from neither. The Beraisa learns a Gezeirah Shavah from the Minchah.
How much will the Kohen then have to take? Is this amount fixed i.e. no more, no less?

(a) According to Rav, a Zar (a non-Kohen) is Chayav Misah (at the Hand of Hashem) for only four of the Avodos, two of them which are Zerikah (sprinkling the blood) and Haktarah (burning the Korban on the Mizbe'ach). Which are the other two?

(b) Does this mean that the Zar is permitted to perform all other Avodos?

(c) What does Rav preclude from the Derashah (in the Pasuk in Korach which ends "ve'ha'Zar ha'Karev Yumas") ...

  1. ... "Avodas Matanah"?
  2. ... "va'Avadtem" ?
(d) Which Avodah does Levi add to the list from the phrase "le'Chol D'var ha'Mizbe'ach"?
(a) On what grounds does Levi include the Terumas ha'Deshen in the Chiyuv Misah for a Zar, although it constitutes removing rather than giving?

(b) Rav includes (from "le'Chol D'var ha'Mizbe'ach") the four occasions that one sprinkles seven times towards the Paroches.
Which four occasions?

(c) How does Levi learn both Derashos from "le'Chol D'var ha'Mizbe'ach"?

(a) Based on the Pasuk "el mi'Beis la'Paroches", how does Levi learn the 'K'lal u'F'rat' - "le'Chol D'var ha'Mizbe'ach", "Avodas Matanah" (to preclude Avodas Siluk)? Which Avodah does 'Avodas Siluk' refer to?

(b) Which Avodah Tamah (in the Kodesh Kodshim) is included in "va'Avadtem", and which Avodah of the Avodos P'nim is precluded?

(c) Seeing as "va'Avadtem" is written by the Avodas P'nim (just like "Avodas Matanah"), how does Levi know that also by the Avodas Chutz (e.g. during the year) we require Avodah Tamah for a Zar to be Chayav (any more than Avodas Siluk)?

Answers to questions



(a) Rava asks whether, according to Levi, we compare Avodas Siluk in the Heichal to Avodas Siluk in the Kodesh Kodshim, where, as we just saw, a Zar is Patur, or to that of the Azarah, where he is Chayav.
What is the case of Avodas Siluk in the Heichal?

(b) How do we resolve the She'eilah from the Pasuk "u'le'mi'Beis la'Paroches"?

(a) Seeing as we compare the Avodah in the Heichal to the Avodah in the Kodesh Kodshim, in which case we will presumably render a Zar who performs an Avodah Tamah in the Heichal, why will a Zar not be Chayav for ...
  1. ... placing the loaves on the Table?
  2. ... placing the bowls of frankincense next to the loaves on the Table?
(b) And why will he not be Chayav for ...
  1. ... arranging the lamps of the Menorah in the morning?
  2. ... for placing the wick on the Menorah?
  3. ... for pouring in the oil in the Menorah?
  4. ... for kindling the Menorah?
(c) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Nasnu B'nei Aharon ha'Kohen Eish al ha'Mizbe'ach ve'Archu Eitzim al ha'Eish"?

(d) Why is a Zar not Chayav Misah ...

  1. ... for arranging the wood on the Ma'arachah?
  2. ... for arranging the two blocks of wood on the Mizbe'ach?
7) Rebbi Yochanan disagrees with Rav. According to him, a Zar is Chayav in the previous case.
In what point does he argue with Rav's reasoning?


(a) Is a Zar Chayav Misah if he performs Haza'ah with the blood of a Chatas ha'Of, or Mitzuy (squeezing the blood on the Mizbe'ach) or Haktarah of an Olas ha'Of?

(b) The Tana declares a Zar Chayav Misah even for bringing a Pasul Korban on the Mizbe'ach.
What sort of P'sul is he referring to?

(a) What is the connection between the *four* Payasos and the Pasuk in Tehilim "Asher Yachdav Namtik Sod, be'Veis Elokim Nehalech be'Ragesh"?

(b) Rav Nachman holds that, when the Payisos were performed, the Kohanim wore their weekday clothes.

(c) What does Rav Sheshes say, and what is his reason?

Answers to questions
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