(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Yoma 21

YOMA 21 - Dedicated to the memory of Moshe Simcha ben Dovid Z"L Rubner by his parents, Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva.


(a) What does the Tana say about someone who sets out alone on a journey before the cock crows? What did he mean?

(b) According to Rebbi Yashiyah, it is only safe to set out after the second time it crows.
What do others say?

(c) What size rooster are we talking about?

(a) Rav Yehudah quotes Rav, who says that when Yisrael went to Yerushalayim for Yom-Tov, 'Omdin Tzefufin u'Mishtachavim Revachim, ve'Nimshachin ... '. What is the meaning of ...
  1. ... 'Omdin Tzefufin'?
  2. ... 'Mishtachavin Revachin'? What was the purpose of this miracle?
(b) They were so short of space that they found themselves standing in an area which was rarely used.
Where was that?

(c) How many other regular miracles took place in the Beis-Hamikdash?

(a) Which personal miracle occurred in connection with the Kohen Gadol himself?

(b) No woman ever miscarried on account of the strong smell of the roasting meat (from which she may have wanted to partake but could not), nor did the meat of Kodshim ever go bad.
What was the third miracle that took place in connection with Kodshim meat - in the Beis ha'Mitbachayim?

(c) Which three types of loaves never became Pasul? What would be the problem if they did? Why could they not simply be re-placed?

(d) Which two miracles occurred regularly in *Yerushalayim*, one factual, the other, verbal?

(a) Seeing as the last two concern Yerushalayim, and not the Beis Hamikdash, we re-place them with another two, both of which concern the elements.
What are they?

(b) The broken pieces of earthenware, the plumage and the crop of the bird Olah, and the ashes from the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav and from the Menorah would all disappear where they were.
How many miracles did this comprise?

(c) What was the significance of the broken pieces of earthenware, and why was this miracle necessary?

(d) If we reckon the miracle of the three types of loaves as one, as well as the miracles of the elements and the miracle of the things that disappeared, we will still be one short of the ten miracles listed by Chazal. We make up for the deficiency by adding a miracle that occurred with the Lechem ha'Panim.
What was it?

(a) Two other miracles that occurred were that both the Aron and the bodies of the Keruvim, took up no space at all.
What reason does the Gemara initially give for the Tana not including them in the list of miracles, that creates a problem regarding the inclusion of the miracle of the Lechem ha'Panim remaining warm?

(b) Why in fact, is the miracle of the hot loaves considered a miracle that occurred *outside*?

Answers to questions



(a) What does the Pasuk in Emor "al ha'Shulchan *ha'Tahor*" imply?

(b) What is the problem with this? Why do we not contend with the fact that the table was overlaid with gold?

(c) How do we answer this Kashya?

(a) Which other miracle is hinted in the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yir'ash ka'Levanon Piryo".

(b) When did it cease to function?

(c) Will it recur in the time of the third Beis Hamikdash?

(d) Why is this miracle not included among the ten miracles listed above?
Which other miracle listed there does not belong there for the same reason?

(a) The Heavenly fire that consumed the Korbanos had five supernatural qualities: it crouched like a lion, was clear like the sun and was tangible. What were the other two?

(b) Then how can the Tana list the fact that the wind did not disturb the smoke of the Ma'arachah among the miracles of the Beis Hamikdash?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Nasnu B'nei Aharon ha'Kohen Eish al ha'Mizbe'ach"?

(a) We said that the fire on the Mizbe'ach crouched like a lion.
Then how do we account for the fact that Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim saw it crouching like a dog?

(b) Why did the Navi Chagai omit a 'Hey' from "ve'Ertzeh Bam ve'Ikaveida*h*"?

(c) If the Aron, the lid and the Keruvim are counted as one of the five things that were missing in the second Beis Hamikdash, what besides the fire, were the other three?

(d) If there was no Divine fire in the second Beis Hamikdash, then how can Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim have seen it crouching like a dog?

(a) There are six types of fire: our fire eats but does not drink.
Which type of fire ...
  1. ... drinks but does not eat?
  2. ... ate and drank?
  3. ... consumed liquids and solids alike?
(b) The fire of the angel Gavriel can move fire from one place to another. On what occasion did this occur?

(c) And when did the fire of Hashem consume fire?

(a) On the night following the last day of Sukos, says Rav Yitzchak bar Avdimi, everyone would look at the smoke of the Ma'arachah. If it was blowing towards the north, the poor would be happy and the rich sad.
Why was that?

(b) And why would the rich be happy and the poor sad, if it was blowing towards the south?

(c) If the smoke blew eastwards everybody was happy and if it blew westwards, they were sad.

(d) Then how do we explain the statement that no wind on earth could interfere with the pillar of smoke that rose from the Mizbe'ach?

(a) How do we reconcile the previous statement of Rav Yitzchak bar Avdimi (that the west wind is good for everyone and the east wind, bad) with the Beraisa, which says the opposite?

(b) The north wind is good for wheat that is one third grown, but bad for budding olives; the south wind is quite the opposite.
By what sign can one easily remember this?

***** Hadran Alach Perek Shiv'as Yamim! *****

Answers to questions
Next daf

For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,