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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 19


(a) There were three rooms on the south side of the Azarah (Note: all the rooms mentioned in question 1 and 2 of this Sugya were in the vicinity of the Ezras Yisrael, whereas those that we discussed above - on Daf 16 and 17, were further west, in the Ezras Kohanim):
What purpose did the following serve: ...
  1. ... the Lishkas ha'Melach?
  2. ... the Lishkas ha'Parvah?
  3. ... the Lishkas ha'Madichin?
(b) What was the purpose of the Mikvah that was situated on the roof of the Beis ha'Parvah?

(c) By what means did the Kohen Gadol ascend to the roof to Tovel?

(d) There were three rooms on the south side of the Azarah: the Lishkas ha'Eitz, the Lishkas ha'Golah and the Lishkas ha'Gazis.
What did Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say about the Lishkas ha'Eitz?

(a) What did Aba Shaul say ...
  1. ... about the back of the Lishkas ha'Golah and the Lishkas ha'Gazis?
  2. ... about the roofs of both rooms as well as that of the Lishkas ha'Eitz?
(b) What was the purpose of ...
  1. ... the Lishkas ha'Golah serve?
  2. ... the Lishkas ha'Gazis?
(c) How could one distinguish between a Kohen who was Kasher and one who was Pasul (through a blemish - a Ba'al Mum)?
(a) The Mishnah in Tamid lists seven gates in the Azarah, three on the north side: Sha'ar Hadlakah, Sha'ar Korban (or Bechoros) and Sha'ar ha'Mayim (much of this Sugya has already been discussed in Shekalim 9b.).
What purpose did the two rooms adjoining Sha'ar Nikanor on the east serve?

(b) The Sha'ar Nitzutz on the north was a sort of porch, that served as a guard-house.
Who would guard ...

  1. ... on the roof?
  2. ... at ground level?
(c) To which part of the Beis Hamikdash did it open out?

(d) When (on Yom Kipur) did the Kohen Gadol Tovel in the Mikvah on top of the ...

  1. ... Beis ha'Parvah?
  2. ... Beis ha'Mayim?
(a) Next to what was the Sha'ar ha'Mayim situated? What are we proving from here?

(b) Rav Papa is uncertain whether the Lishkas Farhedrin was in the north and the Lishkas Beis Avtinas in the south, or vice-versa.
Why would it have been logical to place the Lishkas Farhedrin in the south

(c) Why did the Kohen Gadol require Tevilah (according to Rebbi Akiva) - every evening of the seven days of Hafrashah - after having been sprinkled with the ashes of the Parah Adumah, before retiring?

(a) How do we repudiate this proof? Why, in spite of what we just learned, would it make sense to say that the Lishkas Farhedrin would have been in the north ...
  1. ... if the Kohen Gadol was a Tzedoki?
  2. ... even if he was *not*?
(b) How do we prove that one sets out to burden the Kohen Gadol, rather than to lighten his burden?
(a) According to Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua, Kohanim are the emissaries of Hashem, and not of the people whose Korbanos they are bringing.
On what grounds does he say this?

(b) How do we attempt to disprove that from the words of the elder Kohanim to the Kohen Gadol during the seven days of Hafrashah?

(c) How do we amend their words to conform with Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua's statement?

Answers to questions



(a) Why did both the Kohen Gadol and the elders weep following their warning to him?

(b) What did the warning comprise? Why was it necessary to issue such a warning in the first place? What did the Tzedokim learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "... ve'Al Yavo ... Ki be'Anan Era'eh al ha'Kapores"?

(c) What happened to that Tzedoki Kohen Gadol, after he had accomplished his life's dream in true Tzedoki fashion and boasted to his father of his achievement - according to the original version of the episode?

(d) According to others, he died the moment he left the Kodesh Kodshim.
How will we then explain ...

  1. ... the noise that was heard at the time?
  2. ... the imprint of a calf's-foot between the dead man's shoulder-blades?
(a) How did Rav react when Rav Chanan bar Rava referred to the Tana in our Mishnah as Rebbi Zecharyah ben Kefutal?

(b) Why did he not correct him verbally?

(c) About whom does the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Lo Osi Karasa Ya'akov" said?

(d) Then how could Rav do what he did?

(a) What is the meaning of the Derashah "ve'Dibarta Bam" -'ve'Lo bi'Tefilah'?

(b) What other prohibition do we learn from this Pasuk?

(c) What positive interpretation does Rebbi Acha give to the Pasuk?

(d) According to Rava, whenever one speaks idle chatter, one transgresses an Asei.
What does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in Koheles "Kol ha'Devarim Yegei'im Lo Yuchal Ish Ledaber"?

(a) How did the young Kohanim ensure that the Kohen Gadol remained awake during the entire night of Yom Kipur?

(b) What does 'Makeh be'Etzba Tzeradah' mean?

(c) What happened when Rav Huna gave a demonstration of 'Makeh be'Etzba Tzeradah?

(a) Until what time did the young Kohanim need to keep the Kohen Gadol occupied?

(b) How does Rav Yitzchak explain the Chidush that they made him demonstrate?

(c) What message were the young Kohanim conveying to the Kohen Gadol, when they read before him the Pasuk from Tehilim "Im Hashem Lo Yivneh Bayis" ... ?

(a) Why did some of the elite of Yerushalayim also make a point of remaining awake on Kol Nidrei night.
What for?

(b) They tried emulating the Kohen Gadol in Neherda'a.
How did this backfire?

(a) They asked Eliyahu why Mashi'ach did not come.
What did he answer them?

(b) They also asked Eliyahu ha'Navi what Hashem had to comment about that incident. What did he answer?

(c) He also told them that, in spite of their sins, the Satan was unable to prosecute them on Yom Kipur itself.
How is this hinted in his very name?

Answers to questions
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