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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 4


(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan ask Resh Lakish from the Beraisa which says that, on each of the seven days, they would sprinkle both the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kipur and the Kohen who burned the Parah Adumah, with the ashes of the Paros Adumos that were there?

(b) Resh Lakish countered that, even according to Rebbi Yochanan, they should have sprinkled them with *blood* (like they did by the Milu'im), and not with the *ashes* of the cows?
What did Rebbi Yochanan reply?

(c) How does Resh Lakish explain the fact that, by the Hafrashah, they would sprinkle the Kohanim each day, when at Har Sinai (during the six days of Hafrashah) this was not done?

(d) In the Beraisa like Rebbi Yochanan, the Tana explicitly learns the Din of Hafrashah on Yom Kipur from the Milu'im.
Which new Halachah emerges from this Beraisa that we have not previously learned?

(a) Why does the Tana stress that it was two disciples of *Moshe Rabeinu* who were to initiate the Kohen Gadol into the Avodah of Yom Kipur?

(b) The Tana adds that they did the same to the Kohen who burned the Parah Adumah.
Is this min ha'Torah or mi'de'Rabbanan?

(c) The Tana bases his Derashah on the word "be'Zos (Yavo Aharon el ha'Kodesh)".
But don't we need "be'Zos" to introduce the bull for a Chatas and the ram for an Olah?

(d) Why does the Tana then find it necessary to say 've'Omer' - to add the second Derashah from "La'asos Lechaper" (see Tosfos, ibid)?

(a) In the Beraisa which supports Resh Lakish, Rebbi Yossi Hagelili says that Moshe ascended into the cloud, was covered by the cloud, and sanctified by the cloud.
When did this happen?

(b) How does Rebbi Akiva explain the Pasuk in Yisro "Vayishkon Kevod Hashem al Har Sinai, Vayechaseihu he'Anan Sheishes Yamim"?

(c) Rebbi Nasan says that Hashem called Moshe in order to purify him, to remove the food from his stomach so that he should be like the angels. If Rebbi Nasan explains the Pasuk like Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, in which point does he disagree with him?

(d) Rebbi Masya ben Charash follows the same pattern as Rebbi Nasan, except with regard to Hashem's objective in calling Moshe into the cloud.
What *was* the objective, according to him?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the connection between the Pasuk in Tehilim "Pikudei Hashem Yesharim, Mesamchei Leiv", and that of "Ivdu es Hashem be'Simchah, *ve'Gilu bi'Re'adah"*?

(b) We learned in Shabbos that, according to the Tana Kama, the Torah was given on the *sixth* of Sivan, and according to Rebbi Yossi, on the *seventh*.
What is the connection between that Machlokes and the Machlokes between Rebbi Yossi Hagelili and Rebbi Akiva in our Sugya? Like whom do Rebbi Yossi Hagelili and Rebbi Akiva respectively hold? (c) "Vayikra Hashem el Moshe ba'Yom ha'Shevi'i" (Yisro).
What exactly is meant by "ba'Yom ha'Shevi'i" according to ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yossi Hagelili?
  2. ... Rebbi Akiva?
(a) What is the problem with Rebbi Yossi Hagelili's explanation from the tradition that Moshe descended with the Luchos on Shiv'ah-Asar-be'Tamuz?

(b) What is the answer?

(a) How do we reconcile the Pasuk which (according to Rebbi Nasan) teaches us that Moshe and Yisrael both heard Hashem's voice at Matan Torah, with the Pesukim "Kol Lo" and "Kol Eilav", which the Tana explains to mean that only Moshe heard the voice, and not Yisrael?

(b) What is the Gemara's *second* answer (even if both Pesukim are speaking about the Ohel Mo'ed - see Bach)?

(c) The Pasuk in Ki Sisa writes that Moshe was unable to enter the Ohel Mo'ed because of the cloud.
How do we reconcile this with the Pasuk in Yisro, which writes "Vayavo Moshe be'Soch he'Anan"?

(a) Why did Hashem call Moshe before speaking to him?

(b) What do we learn from the word "Leimor"?

(c)Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish both hold that whatever is written by the Milu'im, is Me'akev (crucial to the Avodah).
What does Rebbi Chanina say about this?

(d) What is the first difference between them?

Answers to questions
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