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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Yoma 3

YOMA 3 (19 Teves) - has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Avraham Abba ben Harav Chaim Binyamin Ze'ev Krieger ZT"L, author of Yad Yisrael (on Rambam) and many other Sefarim, by his son, Benayahu Krieger.


(a) Pezer Keshev stands for 1. Payis le'Atzmo; 2. Z'man le'Atzmo; 3. Regel le'Atzmo; 4. Korban le'Atzmo; 5. Shir le'Atzmo; 6. Berachah le'Atzmo.
What does each of these mean?

(b) Why should we not then include the Musaf of Shavu'os (for the Kohen's Hafrashah) from "Lechaper"?

(a) According to Rebbi, the communal ram mentioned in Acharei-Mos (among the Yom Kipur Korbanos) is the same one that is mentioned in Pinchas (by the Musafin).
What does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon hold? What problem does this create with regard to including Yom Kipur from "Lechaper"?

(b) How do we resolve this problem? In what way is Yom Kipur not comparable to Shavu'os even according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon?

(c) What does this have to do with the Pasuk in Pinchas "Milevad Olas ha'Boker"?

(a) Then why should we not include the Musaf of Rosh Hashanah from "Lechaper"?

(b) Which of the above Musafin can be incorporated in this answer?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the difference between the word "Lecha" (such as in "Kach Lecha" - by the spices for the Ketores and "Asei Lecha" - by the silver trumpets) on the one hand, and "Veyikchu Eilecha" (by the olive-oil for the Menorah) on the other - according to Rebbi Yashiyah?

(b) What does Rebbi Yonasan hold?

(c) According to Rebbi Yonasan, "Kach-Lecha" implies a communal obligation. Then why does the Torah use the singular form?

(d) What does 'Kevayachol' mean, according to Rashi's interpretation?

(a) How does Aba Chanan, quoting Rebbi Elazar, explain the discrepancy between the Pasuk in Eikev: "ve'Asisa *Lecha* Aron Eitz", and the Pasuk in Terumah: *"ve'Asu* Aron Atzei Shitim".

(b) We concluded earlier that we include Yom Kipur in the Mitzvah of Hafrashah from "Lechaper" written by the Milu'im, rather than Rosh Hashanah or Shavu'os, since some of its Korbanos (like some of those of the Milu'im) were brought by the Kohen Gadol (unlike the latter two, which were all Korbenos Tzibur).
In that case, how does Rebbi Yonasan explain the Lashon of "Kach *Lecha*" by the Milu'im, and "Par ha'Chatas Asher *Lo*" by Yom Kipur?

(a) Rav Ashi explains that we include Yom Kipur from "Lechaper" since both cases have to bring a bull as a Chatas and a ram as an Olah.
What were the bull and ram brought as, on Rosh Hashanah and on Shavu'os?

(b) Ravina refutes all the previous suggestions (all other Korbanos, Yom- Tov, Pesach, Succos, Shemini Atzeres, Shavu'os and Rosh Hashanah) by introducing a unique characteristic that is found by the Milu'im and Yom Kipur exclusively.
What is it?

(c) In the second version of Ravina, the Gemara says 'Danin Avodah Techilah me'Avodah Techilah'. This cannot mean that the Milu'im and Yom Kipur share the distinction that they were both firsts for the Kohen Gadol, because in that case, the second Lashon of Ravina will meerely be duplicating the first.
What then, *does* it mean?

(d) How can we describe the Milu'im (which refers to the *eighth* day of the Milu'im) as the first, regarding the Avodah being performed on the Mizbe'ach - seeing as Moshe had already performed the same Avodah (in the capacity of Kohen Gadol) during the preceding seven days?

(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan (who derives only Yom Kipur in the Din of Hafrashah, and not the Kohen who prepared the Parah Adumah) explain the Beraisa, which specifically includes both the Parah Adumah and Yom Kipur in the Mitzvah of Hafrashah?

(b) How do we reconcile this with another statement of Rebbi Yochanan's, where he learns the Parah Adumah from "La'asos" and Yom Kipur from "Lechaper" (just like we did at the beginning of the Sugya)?

(a) What problem does Resh Lakish have with the fact that Rebbi Yochanan learns Yom Kipur from the Milu'im, based on the Lashon of the Mishnah 'u'Maskinin Lo Kohen Acher'?

(b) What then, is Resh Lakish's source for the Mitzvah of Hafrashah on Yom Kipur?

(c) How does he learn it from the Pasuk in Yisro "Vayishkon Kevod Hashem Al Har Sinai Vayechasehu he'Anan Sheshes Yamim Vayikra el Moshe ba'Yom ha'Shevi'i".

(d) But the Pasuk there says *six* days! Why does the Tana of our Mishnah say *seven*?

Answers to questions
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