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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Introduction to Yoma

Yoma 2

YOMA 2 - has been sponsored by Yeshayahu (Jason) ęSchmidtę of West Hempstead, N.Y., a talmid of Rabbi Kornfeld.


(a) Seven days before Yom Kipur, they would separate the Kohen Gadol from Tum'ah, and send him to the Lishkas Farhedrin.
Why specially the Kohen Gadol?

(b) Why did they need to prepare a deputy?

(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah, they prepared another wife for him too, just in case his wife died during the Avodah.
From where do we learn that the Kohen Gadol had to be married during the Avodah on Yom Kipur?

(d) On what grounds do the Rabbanan disagree with Rebbi Yehudah?

(a) Seven days before the designated Kohen burned the Parah Adumah, he too, was moved to the Lishkas ha'Even.
Why was it called by that name?

(b) What had they done to the Kohen beforehand to necessitate this separation?

(c) Why was the Lishkas ha'Even situated specifically in the north-east of the Azarah?

(a) What does Resh Lakish learn from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim: "ha'Birah Asher Hachinosi"?

(b) How does Rebbi Yochanan define 'Birah'?

(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk (by the Milu'im - in Tzav) ...
  1. ... "Kasher Asah ba'Yom ha'Zeh, Tzivah Hashem *La'asos*"?
  2. ... "*Lechaper* Aleichem"?
(b) Why can the entire Pasuk not be referring to the Parah Adumah ?
Answers to questions



(a) What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "*Tzivah* Hashem La'asos" and "Zos Chukas ha'Torah Asher *Tzivah* Hashem" (in Chukas)?

(b) How do we know that the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' does not refer to ...

  1. ... Yom Kipur, by which the Torah writes "Kasher *Tzivah* Hashem es Moshe" (in Acharei-Mos)?
  2. ... all Korbanos, by which the Torah writes "be'Yom *Tzavoso* es B'nei Yisrael" (in Tzav)?
(c) When we momentarily thought that all Korbanos require Hafrashah, to whom were we referring?

(d) We rejected that contention on the grounds that the word "Tzivah" mentioned by Parah Adumah is closer to "Tzivah" mentioned by the Milu'im than it is to "Tzavoso" of the other Korbanos.
Is the similarity of words a major criterion by all Gezeirah Shavahs?

(a) "Lechaper", we said, comes to include Yom Kipur.
How do we know, asks the Gemara, that it does not come to include other Korbanos.
Which Korbanos?

(b) What is the problem with obligating the Kohen concerned to separate seven days in advance?

(c) How do we get round this problem?

(d) So why then do we not learn a Korban Yachid from "Lechaper"?

(a) Perhaps, asks the Gemara, we should learn the Korbanos of the Chag (presumably, the Se'irei Chata'os - which also come to atone and) which *do* have a fixed time, from "Lechaper".
On what grounds is this suggestion refuted?

(b) Why should we then perhaps learn the Korban of ...

  1. ... Pesach (rather than Sukos)?
  2. ... Sukos (rather than Pesach)?
(c) So why not?
(a) On what grounds do we initially reject the suggestion to learn Shemini Atzeres (which like Yom Kipur, is also only day) from "Lechaper"?

(b) How do we repudiate that rejection?

(c) The Gemara however, reinstates the initial suggestion by quoting the Pasuk (by the Milu'im) "Ka'sher Asah ba'Yom ha'Zeh".
What do we learn from that Pasuk?

(d) What reason does Rav Ashi finally give for not learning Shemini Atzeres from "Lechaper"?

9) Considering that Shemini Atzeres is considered an independent Yom-Tov in six different regards (hinted in 'Pezer Keshev'), how do we justify Rav Ashi's explanation?

Answers to questions

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