POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 77
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
1) AGADETA: GAVRIEL
(a) The Malach Gavriel reported to Daniel V'Ani Basi Bidvarecha.
2) RECHITZAH AS AN INUI (cont'd)
(b) As derived from the Pesukim in Yechezkel, Gavriel had been
expelled from among the Malachim for improperly carrying out
1. He should have either not executed the decree against
Klal Yisrael (anticipating a reprieve); or,
(c) During the 21 days of his absence, the Malach Dubiel, Sar of
the Persians, took his place.
2. He should have carried it out exactly, and not cooled
the flames somewhat by having the Keruv deliver the
coals instead of taking them directly.
3. Although by doing so Gavriel saved the remnant of Klal
Yisrael, he was punished with 60 lashes of fire and
(d) When Dubiel tried to exact a terrible price from his new
status, that of taxing even the Talmidei Chachamim, Gavriel
called out from Achorei HaPargod that they do not deserve
this, given that all of their scholars combined do not equal
(e) This defense of the People caused Gavriel to be invited
back, as above, V'Ani Basi Bidvarecha.
(f) When he returned, he succeeded in diminishing somewhat the
effect of the concessions made to Dubiel, but he was not
successful in blunting the effect of Yavan.
(a) Alternate explanation for how Rechitzah is considered an
Inui derives from Shlomo HaMelech's dialogue with Evyasar
3) NE'ILAS HASANDEL AS AN INUI
1. Evyasar was spared being killed right away because he
had participated in the Inui of Dovid HaMelech.
(b) Question: Perhaps the Ayef refers to (the lack of) wearing
2. Included in that Inui was Ra'av (lack of bread), Tzameh
(lack of water) and Ayef (lit. tiredness, understood to
refer to Rechitzah) thus labeling Rechitzah as an Inui.
(c) Answer: The Pasuk in Mishlei demonstrates that Ayef relates
to the lack of cool water (presumably for washing).
(d) Question: Perhaps Ayef refers to their thirst (which would
fit with the Pasuk in Mishlei, as well)?
(e) Answer: The Pasuk reads water *on* the tired soul, not *in*
as would imply drinking.
(a) Question: Whence that Ne'ilas HaSandel is called an Inui?
4) TASHMISH HAMITAH AS AN INUI
(b) Answer: From the fact that Dovid HaMelech, when running from
Avshalom (in the state referred to before as Inui) was
Yachef (presumably, without shoes).
(c) Question: Perhaps Yachef means without a horse, in a manner
of a king?
(d) Answer: The word Yachef is found, in Yeshayah, to mean
unshod, thus informing its meaning by Dovid HaMelech.
(e) Question: Perhaps Yeshayah went with tattered shoes, and
that is still called Yachef (just as Arom there surely does
not mean fully unclothed, but with tattered clothes)?
(f) Answer: The Pasuk in Yirmiyah identifies Yachef with the
exiles, who would truly be going barefoot.
(a) Question: Whence that Tashmish HaMitah is called an Inui?
(b) Answer: Lavan identified withholding Tashmish as an Inui.
5) RECHITZAH OF PART OF THE BODY
1. Im Ta'aneh refers to withholding Tashmish.
(c) Question: We find (in the incident of Dina) that Tashmish
itself is called Inui, thus casting doubt on its absence as
being called Inui!?
2. VeIm Tikach refers to taking other wives.
3. Question: Perhaps both expressions refer to taking
other wives (if you will oppress my daughters *by*
taking other wives).
4. Answer: This translation is not plausible since Lavan
said *VeIm* not *Im*.
5. Question: Perhaps it refers to two types of Tzaros,
Bilhah and Zilpah, as well as other potential wives
(which is contextually logical in the Pasuk)?
6. Answer: He would not have put the less painful matter
(taking other unknown wives) first and the more painful
matter (taking Bilhah and Zilpah) second.
(d) Answer: The Inui there was withholding further Tashmish from
Dina, consistent with the definition of Inui.
(a) The Beraisa teaches that partial Rechitzah is forbidden on
Yom Kipur; however, if one is soiled, he may wash normally.
6) THE RIVER LEADING OUT OF THE KODESH HAKODOSHIM
(b) Similarly, while Sichah on even a part of the body is
forbidden, one who is ill anoints normally.
(c) A woman is permitted to wash one hand (from the Ruach Ra'ah
upon awaking which would transfer onto bread) in order to
give bread to a child.
(d) Shamai HaZaken was concerned about using one hand (on
account of the Shivsa), and they permitted him to feed the
child after washing both hands.
(e) One who is going to greet his father or Rebbi, or another
person greater than he, may enter water until his neck
(f) Question: What of the Rebbi on route to his Talmid?
(g) Answer: R. Yitzhok b. Chanah reported that Zeiri went to R
1. R. Ashi reported that it was R. Chiya b. Ashi who went
to Zeiri his Rebbi.
(h) Rava permitted people to cross through water to protect
(i) (Abaye): A Beraisa supports this ruling, as reported.
(j) R. Yosef permitted people to cross to attend a Shiur, but
not to return to their homes.
(k) (Abaye): If you will rule this way, you will cause them not
to come next year to the Shiur.
1. An alternate reading has R. Yosef permitting both their
coming and their return.
(l) R. Yehudah, R. Shmuel b. R. Yehudah were standing on one
side of the river, and Rami b. Papa was on the other.
2. Abaye then asked why their return is permitted.
3. R. Yosef explained that the permission is so they
should not be prevented from coming in the future.
1. Rami b. Papa called out to ask if he was permitted to
cross in order to ask them about a matter of Torah.
2. R. Yehudah responded that Rav and Shmuel permitted one
to cross, but being careful not to raise his hands.
3. An alternate reading has R. Shmuel b. R. Yehudah
reporting the same response directly from a Beraisa.
(a) Question (R. Yosef): Is it *ever* permitted to enter deep
waters and expose oneself to danger?!
1. The Malach showed Yechezkel the river which will lead
out of Yerushalayim.
(b) Answer: That river is different because of the strong
current, thus above waist deep is dangerous, as opposed to
the still river we are speaking of.
2. It was shallow for the first 1000 Amos, and got deeper
after each 1000 Amos.
3. We see there that it is permitted to enter shallow
water only up to one's waist!?
(c) Question: Is he able to swim across that river?
(d) Answer: The continuation of the Pasuk indicates that it was
too strong for that, as well.
(e) Question: Might he cross in a small boat?
(f) Answer: The Pasuk indicates that this, too, was not
(g) Question: Might he cross with a large vessel?
(h) Answer: The river in Yechezkel's prophecy is too powerful
even for that.
(i) The Targum confirms the impossibility of crossing this
(j) Even the Malach HaMaves will not be able to cross, as
indicated by the word MiShut.