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by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Yoma 76

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) Ve'Ata Nafsheinu Yeveishah...They were concerned that they would die from the food which they did not excrete. (R. Yishmael's teaching is deleted here by the GR"A.)
(b) Lechem Abirim Ochal Ish... This is Yehoshua for whom Man fell (Yehoshua is called "Ish" and is equated with all of Klal Yisrael).
1. Question: Perhaps the Ish is Moshe, about whom it says VeHaIsh?
2. Answer: It is more reasonable to connect to "Ish."
(c) Question (students of R. Shimon b. Yochai): Why didn't the Man fall once for the whole year?
(d) Answer: Mashal to a King (HaShem)... who established a daily dependant relationship with his son (the large families of Klal Yisrael).
(e) Alternate Answers: So that it would be warm and fresh or, to lighten their load.
(f) R. Elazar HaModai stated (before the Chachamim) that the Man was 60 Amos high.
1. The Chachamim were not, at first, pleased, until R. Elazar justified his innovation based on the Pesukim.
2. He made the calculation based on the four times the 15 Amos of water which came down during the Mabul (Midas Pur'aniyos from *two* Arubos), and inferred the Midah Tovah of the Man as greater than that disaster (eight Arubos- two Dalsos each with four Arubos).
(g) (Isi b. Yehudah) The Man rose until all the Kingdoms of East and West could see it (as implied by the Pasuk in Tehilim).
(h) (Abaye) Kosi Revayah... The size of the future cup of Dovid HaMelech.
(i) Question (on R. Elazar HaModai): But the measure came by the flood in 40 days (960 hours), and here we are speaking of that which fell in one hour!?
(j) Further Question: The flood covered the entire world, and here it all fell on the Machaneh Yisrael!?
(k) Answer: R. Elazar HaModai was speaking of the Pesichah (initial opening) of the Arubos.
(a) Question: How are these Inuyim alluded to in the Torah?
(b) Answer: The five references to Inui in the Pesukim, as listed.
(c) Question: But there are *six* Inuyim!?
(d) Answer: Eating and drinking are counted as one.
(e) [Question: How do we know this?]
(f) Answer: Resh Lakish derives this from the fact that the Torah uses the word VeAchalta when one of the items referred to is wine.
(g) Question: Perhaps the wine was part of a food dish?
1. Answer: Rather, the source is VeNasatah HaKesef... Yayin U'VaSheichar... VeAchalta (beverage spoken of as Achilah).
2. Question: Perhaps, this, too refers to Anigron?
3. Answer: The Pasuk refers to an intoxicating beverage (not a food ingredient, thus that drinking is part of Achilah).
4. Question: But we find illustrations of intoxicating foods (Deveilah Kailis)!?

(h) Answer: Rather, we learn from Nazir who is forbidden from wine (Sheichar), so, too, here, by Ma'aser Sheni we are speaking of wine, not an ingredient.
1. Question: But Tirosh is grapes, not wine as we find that one who takes a Neder to abstain from Tirosh is forbidden in sweet fruits, but is *permitted* to drink wine!?
2. We suggest three Pesukim indicating that Tirosh is, indeed, wine, two of which are rejected.
3. Answer: Rather, Tirosh is wine, and the reason for the permission regarding Nedarim is because people do not generally refer to wine as Tirosh and we thus interpret the words of his Neder to refer to sweet fruit.
i. Question: Why is wine called by two names, Yayin and Tirosh?
ii. Answer: Yayin brings Yelalah; Tirosh brings poverty (Rash) to its "adherents."
iii. Question (R. Kehana): How may we resolve the Kesiv (Tirash) with the Keri (Tirosh)?
iv. Answer: One who is Zocheh (drinks in proper measure) becomes a Rosh; one who is not becomes a pauper (Rash).
v. Question (Rava): How may we resolve the Kesiv (Yishmach) with the Keri (Yismach)?
vi. Answer: If drunk in proper measure is gladdens (Yismach); if not, it destroys (Yishmach).
vii. As Rava has taught that wine and fragrance (in their proper measure) contributed to my wisdom.
(a) Question: How do we know that washing and anointing are called Inuyim?
(b) Answer: From the mourning of Daniel, Lechem Chamudos Lo Achalti... VeShoch Lo Sachti.
1. Question: What is the Lechem Chamudos from which he refrained?
2. Answer: Bread made from clean flour.
3. Question: How do we know that Soch Lo Sachti means Inui?
4. Answer: From Gavriel's assurance to Daniel (Lehis'anos).
5. Question: That covers Sichah, but what of Rechitzah?
6. Answer: The Pasuk in Tehilim equates water on the skin to anointing with oil.
7. Question: Maybe the anointing in the Pasuk is like drinking?
8. Answer: The Pasuk implies that the water came into his system similarly to oil.
(c) Question: But the Tana in Shabbos learns oil *from* water (that Sichah is like drinking) not water from oil!?
1. The Mishnah there asks how we know that Sichah is forbidden like drinking on Yom Kipur.
2. In response the Tana quotes the very same Pasuk in Tehilim, VaTavoh KaMayim...
(d) Answer: Rather, Rechitzah is implicit in the words VeSoch Lo Sachti in Daniel.
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