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by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Yoma 75

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) Ki Yiten BeKos Eino... One who likes drunkenness justifies forbidden relations or theft (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
(b) De'agah BeLev Ish Yashchenah... A person should push his worries out of his thoughts or he should speak them out with a friend (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
(c) VeNachash Afar Lachmo... All foods taste like dust for the snake, or, after the finest delicacies, the snake is only satisfied with dust (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
1. (R. Yosi) HaShem deals more graciously with those who annoy him than a person would.
2. The snake, though cursed, finds benefit within the curse, as do slaves (Canaanites), women, and the earth.
(a) Zacharnu Es HaDagah... We fondly recall the fish, or, the permitted (now forbidden) relations (Rav and Shmuel).
1. Fish, since it says Nochal (we ate).
2. Arayos, since it says Chinam.
3. Nochal could still refer to Arayos, in a dignified way.
4. Chinam could still refer to fish, since they came to them from Hefker (HaShem placed the fish in their water buckets).
(b) Question: If they were involved in Arayos, why does Shlomo praise their chastity (Shir HaShirim 4- Gan Na'ul...)?
(c) Answer: They were chaste regarding the previously forbidden relations (and were crying over the new prohibitions).
(d) Question: If they missed the fish, why were they crying "LeMishpechosav" implying a concern over conjugal relations?
(e) Answer: They were crying over both, fish and Arayos.
(a) Es HaKishuim... The Man imparted all flavor except these five, or, it imparted all flavors and became all textures, except these five (R. Ami and R. Asi).
(b) VeHu KeZera Gad Lavan (R. Asi) Its shape was like the Zera Gad (round) and it was white as a pearl.
1. Gad- similar to a Pishtan seed BiGivolin (round).
2. Gad- likened to Hagadah, (Agadeta) which draws the hearts (Libo) of its listeners (so did the Man whet a person's appetite)
3. Gad- It told (Magid) and resolved a doubt regarding the child whose mother remarried prematurely.
4. Lavan- It whitened the Aveiros of Yisrael.
(c) The Man, like a Navi, would reveal the secrets of the People (as in revealing which person or servant belongs to which household or whether a woman is still a loyal part of her husband's household).
(d) U'Vredes HaTal... (implies the Man fell within the Machaneh) VeYatza HaAm VeLaketu... (implies that it fell *outside*) Shatu HaAm VeLaketu... (implies a considerable distance).
(e) The Tzadikim received it near them homes, Beinonim went out and Resha'im had to go a distance for theirs.
(f) Lechem (implies it was found in a baked state) VeAsu Oso Ugos (implies they had to prepare and bake it) VeTachanu (implies an even earlier state, requiring milling).
(g) Again, Tzadikim, Beinonim and Resha'im.
(h) O Dachu BaMeduchah... Women's perfumes (adornments which are pulverized) came down with the Man.
(i) U'Vishelu BaParur... with its spices for the cooked food.
(j) VeHem Heiviu Od Nedavah *BaBoker BaBoker*. They brought gems from the *daily* shower which accompanied the Man (as the Nesi'im refer to the *clouds* which brought the gems).
(k) VeHaya Ta'amo KeTa'am Leshad HaShemen (The Man had many flavors, like a child experiences in nursing [Shad], alternately like a Shed which has many forms, so, too did the Man change to many flavors).
(a) (R. Yehoshua b. Karchah) They requested meat improperly and it was given in an "improper" fashion, whereas bread was requested properly, and given in kind.

(b) This instructs a person to eat meat at night.
(c) Question: But Abaye taught that a festive meal should be eaten by day!?
(d) Answer: He meant by torch-light (*like* daylight).
(e) The People used to eat (peck away at) their food all day, until Moshe established meal times.
(a) Question: One Pasuk says they died during their first bite and another teaches that they received the Selav for 30 days!?
(b) Answer: Beinonim died right away while the Resha'im lingered in their suffering up to a month.
(c) (Resh Lakish) Understand the word VaYishtechu to imply VeYishchatu, meaning they People were Chayavim on account of their improper request for meat.
(d) (R. Yehoshua b. Karchah) Shatoach implies Shachut; the Man was accompanied by that which required Shechitah.
(e) Question: We surely have other sources for the requirement to perform Shechitah on a bird (as learned in the Beraisa regarding the Simanim of an animal and a bird)!?
(f) Answer: Rather, Shatoach refers to the "carpet" of Selav.
6) MAN (cont'd)
(a) Question: How can the same thing be Lechem, Shemen and Devash?
(b) Answer: Lechem for young people, Shemen for the older people and Devash for the infants.
7) SELAV (cont'd)
(a) The word begins with a Shin/Sin and is read with a Samech to indicate Shalvah (for Tzadikim) and Silvin (thorns, for the Resha'im).
(b) R. Chanin b. Rava lists four types of Selav, noting the best and worst of them.
(c) It was a small bird which would be stuffed and roasted in an oven, and it would expand from the great quantity of oil within it such that it would even permeate 13 loaves of bread and the bottom loaf would need diluting in order to be eaten.
(d) R. Yehudah was granted such birds between his barrels, R. Chisda found them among his trees and Rava's sharecropper would bring him one each day.
1. One day the Aris did not bring the Selav, and Rava interpreted the signs (the call of the child and the absence of the Selav) to know that R. Chisda had passed away.
2. Now that his Rebbi had passed away, Rava felt that he no longer had the merit to eat Selav.
(a) From the seemingly contradictory Pesukim we learn that there was dew above and below the Man.
(b) Dak Mechuspas... abbreviates "that which melts in the palm of the hand (Resh Lakish)," or, that which is retained in 248 body parts (like the number of Mechuspas- R. Yochanan).
(c) Question: But Mechuspas (254) is greater in number than 248?
(d) Answer: It is written without the Vav.
(e) Lechem Abirim... The Man is the food of the Malachim (R. Akiva).
(f) R. Yishmael indicated that R. Akiva had erred, since Malachim do not eat, but, rather, Abirim refers to the Eivarim into which the Man absorbs.
(g) Question: Why, if it was entirely absorbed, was there need for privies (as in the Pasuk)?
(h) Answer: It was from the food that the itinerant merchants would sell them.
(i) Answer (R. Elazar b. Parta): Even that food was absorbed on account of the Man.
1. The privy was needed after they committed Aveiros.
2. HaShem had said that they were to be like Malachim, but now they must be troubled with such bodily needs.
3. They had to walk three Parsah to the privy as Rabah b.b. Chanah reported.
(j) When they used the privy they went to the rear of the Ananim (since the Ananim never went backward, they need not worry there that they would suddenly find themselves inside the Machaneh).
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