POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 71
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
1) RETRIEVING THE KAF UMACHTAH IN THE ORDER OF THE PASUK
(a) (Beraisa) All of the Avodos listed in the Pesukim are in
order excepting the retrieving of the Kaf U'Machtah.
2) GREETING THE KOHEN GADOL
(b) Question: Why do we assume this is out of sequence?
(c) Answer (R. Chisda): If it were in sequence, we would not
have five Tevilos and 10 Kidushin as is our tradition (since
he would remain in the Bigdei Lavan to retrieve the Kaf
1. Question (R. Zeira): Perhaps there was (an unwritten)
interruption, the outer-Seir (Chatas HaKipurim), and
the Pesukim remain in order?
(d) Answer (Rava): The Pesukim are not in sequence since Asher
Lavash indicates that he changes *back* into Bigdei Lavan
which he wore previously, (and changed out of for an earlier
2. Answer (Abaye): The Pasuk VeYatza VeAsa teaches that
the Ailim (in Bigdei Zahav) follow directly on his
(first) emergence from the Kodesh HaKadoshim.
1. Question (Rabah b.R. Shila): Perhaps the interruption
was the outer-Seir and the Pesukim remain in order?
(e) Question: But this is *not* the only part of the Pesukim
which are out of order!?
2. Answer (Rava): The Pasuk VeYatza VeAsa teaches that the
Ailim (in Bigdei Zahav) follow directly on his (first)
emergence from the Kodesh HaKadoshim.
1. The Pesukim have the Eimurei Chatas offered before the
(f) Answer: The Beraisa means that from Kaf U'Machtah onward the
Pesukim are out of order.
2. The Mishnah has the Sereifas Par/Seir earlier
(coinciding with the Kerias Hatorah) and the Eimurei
(g) Question: Why assume that the Pesukim are out of order when
we can assume that the Mishnah is out of order!?
(h) Answer (Abaye): The Pasuk uses the term VeHaMishaleach to
echo back to its earlier position (ie. he sent it out before
the Eimurei Chatas even though it is written after) so, too,
the word VeHaSoref positions the Sereifah earlier (before
the Eimurim), even though it is written after.
(i) Question: Perhaps this connection teaches the *opposite*
that both are done *after* the Eimurim!?
(j) Answer (Abaye): VeHaMeshaleach (where the Pasuk could have
said VeShilach) echoes back to an already known Meshaleach.
(k) Answer (Rava): The Shiluach could not have been later (after
the Eimurim and out of Pasuk-sequence) since the Seir only
needs to remain alive for the Matan Damim within (Yo'omad
Chai), not longer (as for the Eimurei Chatas).
(a) The usher returns to Yerushalayim and reports back to the
3) AGADIC INSIGHTS REGARDING LIFE
1. If he finds the Kohen Gadol in a public place, he
honors him by saying that he executed his mission.
2. If he finds him in private, he honors HaShem by
proclaiming that he fulfilled the mission of the One
Who sustains the living.
(a) (Rabah) When Talmidei Chachamim would take leave from one
another they would say, "may the Sustainer of the living
grant you long, good, upstanding years."
4) THREE FROM R. BERECHYAH
(b) (R. Yehudah) The "Land of the Living" refers to the
marketplaces (where people find their provisions.
(c) "Years of Life" refer to years in which a person's fortune
turns to the good, and he feels newly alive.
(a) "Aleichem Ishim Ekra" refers to scholars who appear weak yet
accomplish acts of great valor (Eizehu Gibor...-Maharsha).
(b) It also teaches that one who wishes to merit offering
libations on the Mizbeach should provide wine for scholars.
(c) If one sees Torah ceasing from his offspring, he should
marry to daughter of a scholar (proof text from Iyov).
5) AN EMBARRASSING KOHEN GADOL
(a) In the reported incident, a Kohen Gadol's pride was hurt
when the People turned to follow Shemaya and Avtalyon.
6) MISHNAH: THE GARMENTS OF THE KOHANIM
(b) When the Shemaya and Avtalyon took their leave of the Kohen
Gadol, the latter referred to them derogatorily (making
reference to their non-Jewish ancestry).
(c) They rebuked the Kohen Gadol for not following in the peace-
loving steps of his ancestor, Aharon HaKohen (and
transgressing Ona'as Devarim).
(a) The Kohen Gadol served in eight garments (those listed for a
Kohen Hedyot as well as the Choshen, Eifod, Me'il and Tzitz)
while a Kohen Hedyot served in four (Kesones, Michnasayim,
Mitznefes and Avnet).
7) THE THREADS OF THE GARMENTS
(b) Only when wearing his eight garments may the Urim VeTumim be
consulted, and then only by the King, Av Beis Din and him
whom the Tzibur requires.
(a) Where the word Shesh is used, the threads of each material
are made six-ply while the word Mashzar implies eight-ply
threads, Paroches-24 ply, and Choshen/Eifod-28 ply.
(b) Question: What is the source for six-ply threads?
(c) Answer: It is implied by one of the five references to linen
(the word Shesh four times plus the word Bad) in the Pasuk.
(d) Question: How do we know that Shesh means linen?
(e) Answer (R. Yosi b.R. Chanina): Since Bad (which appears
alongside Shesh in the Pasuk- Tofsos Yeshanim) implies that
which emerges from the ground alone (as the linen derives
from the stalk, not from its leaves).
1. Question: Perhaps this refers to the wool-thread?
(f) Answer (Ravina): The Pasuk in Yechezkel teaches us that the
garments (referred to in the Pesukim as Shesh) are Pishtan.
2. Answer: Wool splits, unlike the Pishtan.
3. Question: But Pishtan also splits when processed?
4. Answer: Pishtan only splits under the pressure of its
process, whereas wool is inherently stranded.
1. Question: How did we know it before Yechezkel?
(g) Question: How do we know that Mashzar means eight-ply?
2. Answer: It was a tradition handed down from Moshe and
only recorded by Yechezkel.
i. If not, then how can we understand the statement
(of R. Chisda regarding the prohibition of a Kohen
Arel not serving) that it is known from Yechezkel
(and not from the Torah)?
ii. That surely must have been an existing tradition.
(h) Answer: We link the word Mashzar to the Paroches where the
24 threads were comprised of four materials, each of six-
ply, so, too, the Rimonim were 24, three materials of each
1. Question: Link it rather to the Choshen/Eifod which is
2. Answer: It is more logical to link those items which do
not contain gold (than to introduce the Choshen/Eifod
i. Question: To the contrary, link garments (the
Rimon to the Choshen/Eifod) and do not introduce
that which is not a garment (the Paroches)?!
3. Answer (R. Mari): The word Ta'asenu is meant to make
the Choshen *unique* an no other garments will have 28
ii. Answer: Rather, we link the Rimon to the Avnet
(which is a garment and gold is absent).
4. Answer (R. Ashi): The word Ve'Asisa teaches that each
of the materials must have an equal number of threads,
which is not possible if we link to Choshen (28 divided