POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 70
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
1) ROLLING THE SEFER TORAH
(a) Question: Why did the Kohen Gadol need to announce that
there is more, ie. that what he was about to read by heart
is contained in the Sefer Torah?
2) THE EIGHT BERACHOS
(b) Answer: To avoid impugning the Sefer (leaving the impression
that the Sefer was missing the Parashah).
(c) Question: Why did he read it by heart, rather than roll to
(d) Answer: To avoid burdening the Tzibur with the delay.
(e) Question: Then they should bring another Sefer!?
(f) Answer: We are afraid people will think the first Sefer is
(g) Alternate Answer: To avoid an unnecessary Berachah (which
would be needed over a new Sefer).
(h) Question: But we see that we regularly bring out multiple
Sefarim without concern for impugning the first!?
(i) Answer: That is when a different person reads from each one,
not when he reads from one and then switches to the other.
(a) The Berachah Al HaTorah is as we say at public readings of
the Torah (Asher Nasan Lanu Toras Emes...).
3) THE REST OF THE TEFILAH
(b) Al Ha'Avodah, Hoda'ah, Mechilas Avon are as we have them in
our Nusach HaTefilah.
(c) Mikdash, Kohanim, and Yisrael are the subject of separate
(a) The Nusach includes Rinah, Techinah and Bakashah, concluding
with Shomea Tefilah.
4) ATTENDING EITHER THE READING OR THE BURNING
(b) Subsequent to the Tefilah of the Kohen Gadol, each person
who had previously brought a Sefer Torah to the Azarah read
from it to display its beauty.
(a) Question: It is obvious that he can only attend one!?
5) MISHNAH: THE OTHER KORBANOS
(b) Answer: We might have thought that the principle of Ein
Ma'avirin Al HaMitzvos would prevent even a bystander from
moving from one to the other.
1. Question: What Mitzvah are we speaking of?
2. Answer: The honor to HaShem of BeRov Am.
(a) If he read from the Torah in the Bigdei Lavan then:
6) THE PAR (OLAH)
1. He did Kidush Yadayim VeRaglayim and undressed.
(b) (If he read in private garments, he would have done Kidush
before removing the Bigdei Lavan, prior to Krias HaTorah.)
2. He immersed, emerged, dried off and was brought, and
donned, Bigdei Zahav, and did Kidush thereafter.
(c) (R. Eliezer) He went out and offered his Ayil, and the
People's Ayil before the seven Kevasim of Musaf.
(d) (R. Akiva) The seven Kevasim for Musaf were offered together
with the morning Tamid, and the Par (Olah), and the Seir
(done outside) were offered together with the afternoon
(e) He did Kidush, undressed, immersed, donned Bigdei Lavan and
(f) He went into the Kodesh HaKodoshim to remove the Kaf and
(g) He went through the procedure again to change to Bigdei
Zahav and offered the afternoon Ketores, and to arrange the
(h) He did Kidush, removed the Bigdei Zahav, put on his own
clothes and was escorted to his home where he hosted a
Seudah, having emerged peacefully from the Avodah.
(a) Question: The Par (Olah) in R. Akiva's teaching is to be
read as attached to the first clause (and is brought with
the morning Tamid) or to the second clause (and is
associated with the afternoon Tamid).
(b) Additional Question: When was the Par (Olah) done according
to R. Eliezer?
(c) Additional Question: When were the Eimurei Chatas brought?
(d) Answer (Rava): You will find one order listed according to
R. Eliezer (in a Beraisa from Bei Shmuel) and one according
to R. Akiva (in the Tosefta).
1. The Tana d'Vei Shmuel teaches that, according to R.
Eliezer, the Eimurei Chatas were right after the Ailim,
and the Par LeOlah, seven Kavasim and Seir were all
associated with the afternoon Tamid.
2. The Tosefta teaches that, according to R. Akiva, the
Par LeOlah is connected to the seven Kevasim, and with
the morning Tamid (as a rule derived from Milvad...).
i. Next is the Avodas HaYom (Hagralah, Chataos
Penimiyos) then (after the Par and Seir within)
bring the outer Seir.
7) OTHER OPINIONS IN THE TOSEFTA
(e) Question: What is the rationale of R. Eliezer (for
associating the Musafim with the afternoon Tamid, unlike the
other Regalim when the Musafim are associated with the
(1) In spite of its being part of the Musaf, the
outer Seir is associated with the morning
ii. Next are the Ailim, then the Eimurei Chatas and
then the afternoon Tamid.
(2) This is drawn from the Pasuk Seir Izim Echad
Chatas - Milvad Chatas HaKipurim.
(f) Answer: First do the Avodos listed in VaYikra (Par and Seir
Penimi'im), and then the Avodos listed in BaMidbar (Musaf).
(g) Question: What is the rationale of R. Akiva?
(h) Answer: As taught, Milvad Olas HaBoker... implying that the
Musafim come together with the morning Tamid (as well by Yom
(i) Question: What will R. Eliezer do with Milvad Chatas
HaKipurim (which R. Akiva used to put the outer Seir before
(j) Answer: To teach that they both (Seir HaPenimi and Chitzon)
atone for the same things.
(a) (R. Yehudah, citing R. Akiva) One of the seven Kevasim is
brought with the morning Tamid, and the other six with the
8) THE AYIL OF THE TZIBUR
(b) (R. Elazar b. R. Shimon citing R. Akiva) Six with Shachar,
one with Bein Ha'Arbayim.
1. Question: What is the rationale of these two renditions
of R. Akiva (splitting up the Kevasim)?
(c) Question: What, then, is the basis of their dispute?
2. Answer: It is a resolution of two, seemingly
(d) Answer: R. Yehudah holds to do the minimum Kevasim before
the Avodas HaYom in order not to tire out the Kohen Gadol;
(e) R. Elazar holds to do as many as possible lest he neglect to
do them later, and the Kohan Gadol is Zariz and not likely
to get weak.
(a) Both R. Eliezer and R. Akiva agree that only one Ayil is
brought for the Tzibur, like the opinion of Rebbi.
(b) Rebbi had taught that the Ayil mentioned in Acharei Mos is
the same one mentioned in Pinchas.
(c) R. Elazar b. R. Shimon holds that there are two.
(d) Question: What is the rationale of Rebbi?
(e) Answer: The extra word Echad.
(f) Question: How will R. Elazar b. R. Shimon learn Echad?
(g) Answer: Echad means the finest (Meyuchad) of his flock.
(h) Question: How will Rebbi learn the requirement of Meyuchad?
(i) Answer: From Mivchar Nidarechah (Nidreichem).
(j) Question: How will R. Elazar b. R. Shimon relate to these
two references to Meyuchad?
(k) Answer: One is for Korbanos Chovah and one for Nedavos (and
each reference is needed- Rashi).