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by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Yoma 60

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.


(a) An Avodah done out of sequence is meaningless.
(b) If he did the Haza'ah of the Dam Sair before the Dam Par, he must do the Haza'as Dam Sair again.
(c) If the rest of the Dam (Shirayim) was poured out before he completed the Matanos, he must slaughter a new Par and start that Avodah again;
1. The same will hold if it was poured out during the Hazaos in the Heichal, whether on the Paroches or on the Mizbeach HaZahav.
2. Each one is a separate Avodah which, once completed, need not be repeated.
(d) R. Elazar and R. Shimon maintain that he need not even go back to the beginning of that Avodah, rather, he resumes where he left off.
(a) (R. Yehudah) Only the order of the Avodos in the Kodesh HaKodoshim (done in Bigdei Lavan) is Me'akev (not those done in Bigdei Lavan outside of the Kodesh HaKodoshim).
(b) (R. Nechemyah) The order of all Avodos done in Bigdei Lavan is Me'akev (inside or out).
(c) (R. Yochanan) Both of these opinions derive from the application of the word Chukah in the Pasuk:

1. R. Yehudah would say that Chukah refers to the *place* where the once a year Kaparah occurs.
2. R. Nechemyah understands that Chukah refers to all those Avodos which bring atonement once a year.
3. Question: But *place* does not appear in the Pasuk!?
4. Answer: Rather, R. Yehudah derives from the limiter words Zos and Achas that Chukah is not speaking about Bigdei Lavan outside, nor about Bigdei Zahav.
5. Question: What will R. Nechemyah learn from these limiters?
6. Answer: One excludes Bigdei Zahav and the other excludes Shirayim (which were poured later than its proper turn).
7. Question: Whence will R. Yehudah know the Din that the order is not Me'akev the Shirayim?
8. Answer: Shirayim follows the other Avodos done in Bigdei Lavan (and will be Me'akev, as they are).
9. R. Yehudah's Din is found as one opinion in the Beraisa:
i. R. Akiva learns the Pasuk Kiper-Kilah (as explained below).
ii. R. Yehudah learns (with the order of the Pasuk) Kilah-Kiper.
iii. Their meaning is the subject of a Machlokes R. Yochanan and R. Yehoshua b. Levi.
iv. One view holds that all agree that Shirayim are not Me'akev and the argument revolves around how to decode the Pasuk.
v. According to the other view, the argument is over the issue of Shirayim being Me'akev (hence the position of R. Yehudah).
(d) Question: But we find R. Yochanan teaching that R. Nechemyah (who interprets Chukah, as does R. Yehudah) is of the view that Shirayim *are* Me'akev (yet here [in 2.c.] he says that, according to R. Nechemyah, Shirayim are not Me'akev!?
(e) Answer: Good question.
(a) (R. Chanina) Chafinah of the Ketores done before the Shechitah of the Par is meaningless.
(b) Question: This seems to depart from the view of R. Yehudah who holds that Chukah only applies to Avodos which are done in Bigdei Lavan within (and Shechitah is not done there)?
(c) Answer: Even according to R. Yehudah, Shechitah is *needed* for the Avodas Penim and is considered as such.
(d) Question: Then the Mishnah (in 1.c. above) should require a new *Chafinah* in a case where we needed to slaughter a new Par for the Hazaos!?
(e) Answer: The Tana was only dealing with the Hazaos (and not with the Ketores at all, whose Chafinah would, indeed, need to be repeated -Rashi).
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