POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 44
YOMA 44 (1 Adar 5759) - dedicated by my mother on the Yahrzeit of my
father's father, Mordecai [ben Elimelech Shmuel] Kornfeld, who perished in
the Holocaust along with most of his family. May the deaths of the Kedoshim
of the Holocaust atone for Klal Yisrael like Korbanos.
1) THE FOURTH ROW OF THE HEICHAL
(a) Question: But the Pasuk teaches that no person may be in
the Ohel Moed at the time of the Ketores?
2) BETWEEN THE ULAM AND THE MIZBEACH
(b) Answer: The Mishnah means *from* the Heichal, into the
(c) The Beraisa provides the sources for the Halachos of staying
out of the Ohel Moed.
1. Lest we think that the prohibition also applies to the
(d) Question: How does the time of Haktarah come to be assumed
in the Bereisa?
2. To apply the restriction to Shiloh and to the Beis
3. To extend the prohibition from Ketores to Matan Damim.
4. To extend the prohibition to the time of his departure.
5. To teach the order of atonement (himself, his wife and
Shevet, Klal Yisrael).
(e) Answer: Since the Pasuk speaks of that which brings Kaparah
(f) Question: Does the Ketores bring Kaparah?
(g) Answer: Yes, as we find that it did so in the Midbar.
1. It atones for Lashon Hara.
2. A private offering for a private transgression.
(a) The Mishnah teaches that during the Ketores we must remove
ourselves from the area between the Ulam and the Mizbeach.
(b) (R. Elazar) This restriction applies only while the Ketores
is brought in the Heichal (not while it is brought in the
(c) Question: But from the Beraisa we see that we are Poresh
from between the Ulam and the Mizbeach while the Ketores is
brought, and presumably this is the Ketores in the Kodeshei
(d) Answer: No, the Beraisa is speaking of the Ketores in the
(e) Question: In that case there should have been no question
looking for Ma'alos of the Heichal over the area between the
Ulam and the Mizbeach?
(f) Answer: This, indeed, is the difference which the Beraisa
intended (and the Beraisa referred to the time that the
Ketores is brought in the Kodeshei Kodoshim as the time it
is not being brought in the Heichal).
(g) Question: But there is another Ma'alah of the Heichal, as
regards the Perishah at the time of Matan Damim?
3) THE KEDUSHAH OF THE ULAM
(h) Answer: That is considered part of the same Perishah.
(i) Question: Whence do we know the Perishah at the other times
(Matan Damim of the Kohen Mashuach, etc.)
(j) Answer: They are derived through a Gezeirah Shavah from Yom
(k) Question: This implies that the Ma'alos listed in the
Mishnah in Keilim are D'Oreisa (and the rest of the Azarah
is distinct from the area Bein HaUlam LaMizbeach), since if
the distinctions are D'Rabanan, then the same concern of
trespassing should apply throughout the Azarah!?
(l) Answer: While the Kedushah is the same throughout the
Azarah, the Mizbeach serves as a reminder in the rest of the
Azarah, unlike past the Mizbeach where there is no reminder.
(a) (Rava) We see from the above that the Ulam has the same
Kedushah as the Heichal, for otherwise the Gezeirah
regarding Bein HaUlam LaMizbeach is a Gezeirah LeGezeirah.
4) THE GOLDEN SHOVEL
(b) No, the Ulam has the same Kedushah (and is subject to the
same Gezeirah) as Bein HaUlam LaMizbeach.
(a) Question: Why is this Machtah of gold, rather than the usual
5) THE SURPLUS KAV OF COALS
(b) Answer: The Torah has compassion on Jewish funds.
(c) Question: Why is the Kohen Gadol not required to transfer
the coals to the gold Machtah?
(d) Answer: In deference to his weakened state.
(a) Question: A Beraisa teaches that there were *two* Kavim of
leftover coals (this seems too large or too small to match
the differentials mentioned by either Rabanan or R. Yosi)?
6) THE LIGHTER MACHTAH
(b) Answer: It is the opinion of R. Yishmael b. R. Yochanan b.
Berokah (who learns that he went in with two Kavim).
(c) (R. Ashi) It could even be the opinion of R. Yosi, if we
understand the switch from Midbar measures to Yerushalayim
(a) The Tana taught that it's walls were normally thicker, and
thus it was heavier than the one for Yom Kipur, also its
handle was normally shorter than this one.
(b) Question: Why the need for the longer handle?
(c) Answer: So that the Kohen Gadol might use his arm to support
(d) A Tana also taught that it normally did not have a noise-
making ring, which (the Ben HaSegan reported) it *did* have
on Yom Kipur.