POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 43
YOMA 42, 43 have been anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to
Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas
1) THE PESUKIM BY PARAH WHICH RECTIFY OR MAINTAIN (cont'd)
(a) VeShachat Osah... another may not be slaughtered with it.
(b) Lefanav... to forbid Hesech HaDa'as (Rav); that a Zar may
slaughter under Elazar's supervision (Shmuel).
(c) VeLakach Elazar HaKohen... to bring the Avodah back to
Elazar (Shmuel); a second Miut to include a Kohen Hedyot.
(d) VeLakach HaKohen Eitz Erez... even a Kohen Hedyot (Shmuel);
to require a Kohen (Rav).
(e) VeChibes Begadav HaKohen... dressed as a Kohen.
(f) VeTamei HaKohen....future Paros require Bigdei Kehunah.
1. Question: According to the one who requires a Kohen
Gadol for future Paros, need we be told this elementary
(g) VeAsaf Ish Tahor...VeHiniach... Ish- to permit a Zar; Tahor-
to permit a woman; VeHiniach- He who has Da'as LeHaniach.
2. Answer: Yes, the Torah may spell out that which could
be derived logically.
1. The Mishnah cites a Machlokes regarding whether a Katan
and a woman may be Mekadesh.
(h) VeLakach Eizov...Ish- excludes a woman and Tahor to include
a Katan (Rabanan); Ish- to exclude a Kohen and Tahor to
include a woman (R. Yehudah).
(i) (R. Yehudah) A Katan may and a woman may not.
2. Question: What is the rationale for the Rabanan?
(ii) (Rabanan) A woman may and a Katan may not.
3. Answer: The Pasuk links Aseifah to Kidush.
4. Question: What will R. Yehudah do with that link?
5. Answer: The plural VeLakchu comes to include the Katan.
6. Question: Whence does R. Yehudah exclude a woman?
7. Answer: The masculine form of VeNasan.
8. Question: How will the Rabanan understand this?
9. Answer: VeLakchu and VeNasan teach the proper number of
Kohanim to be involved.
1. Question: But the Beraisa teaches that a woman is
excluded and R. Yehudah does not argue there?!
2) SHECHITAH B'ZAR
2. Answer: Since we were taught that all of the Pesukim
either maintain the previous position or rectify it, he
must argue (since he cannot be maintaining).
(i) VeHizah HaTahor al HaTamei... HaTahor implies one who would
otherwise be considered Tamei (a Tevul Yom).
(j) No consistent pattern could be found in the Pesukim (rather
some are Motze Miyad and some are Mekayem).
(a) A Tana taught that a Parah may not be slaughtered by a Zar.
3) THE SECOND VIDUI
(b) R. Yochanan discarded that teaching (and even that of his
own Rebbi) and insisted that *all* Shechitah may be done by
(a) Question: Why didn't he mention others (e.g. the Kohanim) in
his first Vidui?
4) MISHNAH: KABALAH AND CHITUI
(b) Answer: It is proper for a Zakai to atone for a Chayav.
(a) The blood is collected and given to one who (on the fourth
row of the Heichal) stirs it to prevent coagulation.
(b) He does Chitui from the inner ashes, and places them on the
fourth row in the Azarah.
(c) Differences between this Avodah and others during the year:
1. Gold Machtah.
2. It stayed in three Kavin (Machlokes what was done all
3. Lighter Machtah.
4. Longer handle.
5. Redder gold.
6. A Chafnayim-full more.
7. Extra fine flour.
8. Walking in the center of the Kevesh (Machlokes
regarding the practice of the Kohen Gadol all year).
9. Kidush from the gold Kiton (Machlokes regarding year-
round practice of the Kohen Gadol).
10. An additional Ma'arachah (three-way Machlokes regarding
the actual number.