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by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Yoma 43

YOMA 42, 43 have been anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie.


(a) VeShachat Osah... another may not be slaughtered with it.
(b) Lefanav... to forbid Hesech HaDa'as (Rav); that a Zar may slaughter under Elazar's supervision (Shmuel).
(c) VeLakach Elazar HaKohen... to bring the Avodah back to Elazar (Shmuel); a second Miut to include a Kohen Hedyot.
(d) VeLakach HaKohen Eitz Erez... even a Kohen Hedyot (Shmuel); to require a Kohen (Rav).
(e) VeChibes Begadav HaKohen... dressed as a Kohen.
(f) VeTamei HaKohen....future Paros require Bigdei Kehunah.
1. Question: According to the one who requires a Kohen Gadol for future Paros, need we be told this elementary requirement?!
2. Answer: Yes, the Torah may spell out that which could be derived logically.
(g) VeAsaf Ish Tahor...VeHiniach... Ish- to permit a Zar; Tahor- to permit a woman; VeHiniach- He who has Da'as LeHaniach.
1. The Mishnah cites a Machlokes regarding whether a Katan and a woman may be Mekadesh.
(i) (R. Yehudah) A Katan may and a woman may not.
(ii) (Rabanan) A woman may and a Katan may not.
2. Question: What is the rationale for the Rabanan?
3. Answer: The Pasuk links Aseifah to Kidush.
4. Question: What will R. Yehudah do with that link?
5. Answer: The plural VeLakchu comes to include the Katan.
6. Question: Whence does R. Yehudah exclude a woman?
7. Answer: The masculine form of VeNasan.
8. Question: How will the Rabanan understand this?
9. Answer: VeLakchu and VeNasan teach the proper number of Kohanim to be involved.
(h) VeLakach Eizov...Ish- excludes a woman and Tahor to include a Katan (Rabanan); Ish- to exclude a Kohen and Tahor to include a woman (R. Yehudah).
1. Question: But the Beraisa teaches that a woman is excluded and R. Yehudah does not argue there?!

2. Answer: Since we were taught that all of the Pesukim either maintain the previous position or rectify it, he must argue (since he cannot be maintaining).
(i) VeHizah HaTahor al HaTamei... HaTahor implies one who would otherwise be considered Tamei (a Tevul Yom).
(j) No consistent pattern could be found in the Pesukim (rather some are Motze Miyad and some are Mekayem).
(a) A Tana taught that a Parah may not be slaughtered by a Zar.
(b) R. Yochanan discarded that teaching (and even that of his own Rebbi) and insisted that *all* Shechitah may be done by a Zar.
(a) Question: Why didn't he mention others (e.g. the Kohanim) in his first Vidui?
(b) Answer: It is proper for a Zakai to atone for a Chayav.
(a) The blood is collected and given to one who (on the fourth row of the Heichal) stirs it to prevent coagulation.
(b) He does Chitui from the inner ashes, and places them on the fourth row in the Azarah.
(c) Differences between this Avodah and others during the year:
1. Gold Machtah.
2. It stayed in three Kavin (Machlokes what was done all year).
3. Lighter Machtah.
4. Longer handle.
5. Redder gold.
6. A Chafnayim-full more.
7. Extra fine flour.
8. Walking in the center of the Kevesh (Machlokes regarding the practice of the Kohen Gadol all year).
9. Kidush from the gold Kiton (Machlokes regarding year- round practice of the Kohen Gadol).
10. An additional Ma'arachah (three-way Machlokes regarding the actual number.
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