POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 35
YOMA 32-35 - anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to Shmuel
Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas Mammie
1) MISHNAH (34b): CHANGING INTO THE BIGDEI LAVAN
(a) The Kohen Gadol is brought to the Beis HaParvah (in the
Azarah) where a linen sheet is held up so that he might do
Kidush Yadayim v'Raglayim and disrobes.
2) THE PARVAH
(b) R. Meir holds that he first disrobes and then does the
(c) He immerses, emerges and dries himself and dons the Bigdei
Lavan he is brought.
(d) (R. Meir) The first set of Bigdei Lavan came from Egypt and
were valued at 12 Maneh; while the second set, from
Ethiopia, were valued at 800.
(e) (Chachamim) The first set was worth 18 Maneh and the second
was 12, totalling 30 Maneh.
(f) These garments were purchased at public expense, and the
Kohen may add of his own funds.
(a) Question: What is Parvah?
3) THE LINEN DRAPE
(b) Answer: It was named for a sorcerer who built it.
(a) Question: Why did they specifically use a linen drape?
4) THE SUMMATIVE NUMBER
(b) Answer: To remind him of the Avodah of the day with linen.
(a) Question: Why does the Mishnah add up the Maneh of the
(b) Answer: The total is meant to teach us the minimum total
value (with less stress on the value of each set, so long as
the first set is more valuable than the second).
(c) Question: How do we know this?
(d) Answer: The multiple occurrence of Bad teaches us Bad
(e) Question: The Pasuk in Yechezkel seems to imply that the
"other" (second) Begadim which the Kohen Gadol wears are
*more* distinguished than the first?
5) PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN THE BEGADIM
(f) Answer: No, "other" implies *less* distinguished.
(a) The Beraisa teaches that for the "private" component of his
Avodah, the Kohen Gadol may wear privately prepared Begadim,
provided that they are turned over to the Public.
6) THE POOR, THE RICH AND THE SINFUL
(b) Question: But this is obvious!?
(c) Answer: No, we might have suspected that the donation to the
Public was incompletely felt and is not to be relied upon.
(d) In one incident the private Begadim were valued at 100 Maneh
and turned over to the Public; in another they were worth
20,000 Maneh, but the other Kohanim would not let him wear
it since it was see-through.
(e) Question: But if the threads had to be six-ply, how could he
be seen through them?
(f) Answer: Like wine through thick glass.
(a) The poor person will be judged for forsaking the Torah,
given the example of Hillel whose dedication to Torah study
led him to freeze on the rooftop of the Beis Medrash of
Shemaya and Avtalyon.
(b) The rich person will be similarly judged, given the example
of R. Elazar b. Charsom who abandoned his enormous holdings
(and was even mistaken for a citizen of his holdings) to
(c) The sinful person will be similarly judged, given the
example of Yosef who withstood the temptation to sin with
the wife of Potifar, as related.