POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 28
YOMA 27, 28, 29 (16 Shevat), 30 - have been dedicated by Gitle Bekelnitzky
for the 38th Yahrzeit of Leah bas Mordechai Dovid and Chasya (Bikelnitzky),
mother of her late husband, Simcha Bekelnitzky.
1) ALTERNATE RENDITION OF THE QUESTION OF R. ZEIRA
(a) Question (R. Zeira to R. Yochanan): How can a Zar be Chayav
Misah for Sidur HaMa'arachah, given that it is not the last
Avodah (Avodah Tamah)?!
Hadran Alach BaRishona
1. Question: But by Eivarim and Pedarim a Zar is Chayav
even though there is Terumas HaDeshen which follows?
(b) Answer: It is a good question, and R. Yochanan should be
rendered as referring to Sidur of the two Gizrei Eitzim
(that a Zar is Chayav since it is Avodah Tamah).
2. Answer: They are the end of the day's Avodah.
3. Question: But Terumas HaDeshen which is followed by the
Hotza'ah and yet (according to Levi) a Zar is Chayav?
4. Answer: It is the start of the day's Avodah (as we saw
from R. Yochanan's requirement of washing).
(c) Question (Rava): If this Sidur is so important then it
should be allocated by a Payis?
(d) Answer: It *does* get a Payis, as an extension of the Payis
of Terumas HaDeshen!
(e) Question: We meant, it should get a Payis of its own.
(f) Answer: As we said in the first Lashon.
We skip to "Amar Mar Zutra" following Rashi.
(g) (Mar Zutra or R. Ashi) A Mishnah supports R. Yochanan.
1. The coming Mishnah teaches that we check for daybreak
in anticipation of Shechitah.
2. We do not check for Sidur Gizrei Eitzim.
3. Thus, they must be Kosher at night.
4. Perhaps not, but we only check for irreparable Avodos.
*****PEREK AMAR LAHEM HAMEMUNEH*****
1) MISHNAH: CHECKING FOR DAYBREAK
(a) The appointed Kohen calls for someone to climb up and check
for daybreak to allow for the Shechitas HaTamid.
(b) The observer calls out Barkai!
(c) Masia b. Shmuel says: The entire East until Hevron is lit.
(d) He (see Gemara) says Hen!
(e) This procedure was necessitated by an incident in which the
moonlight was mistaken for daybreak, and the Tamid was
(f) Once the call was made, the Kohen Gadol was taken down to
(g) The rule in the Mikdash requires Tevilah for one who moved
his bowels and washing from the Kiyor for one who urinates.
2) WHO CALLED OUT WHAT
(a) There are five opinions cited (each implying a later time)
as to what was called out.
3) LEARNING FROM AVRAHAM
(b) The last opinion was that the People have gone out to their
(c) Question: But that is a *very* late time!?
(d) Answer: We meant the employers have gone out to hire
(a) (R. Safra): One should pray Minchah (called here the Prayer
of Avraham) when the (East side of the) walls become dark.
4) ANNOUNCING THE DAWN
(b) Question: Do we learn Halachos from Avraham?!
(c) Answer: We find that the Tana does so (regarding Zerizus).
(d) Question: Should we then (in contradiction to the Mishnah
which mandates 6.5 hours) slaughter the Tamid right at
(e) Answer: What a question, perhaps (even though Avraham prayed
at midday) the walls of the Mikdash only darkened at 6.5
(given their construction, narrowing as they rose)?!
(f) Alternate Answer: Perhaps Avraham was particularly familiar
with the skies and time?!
(g) Third Alternate Answer: Perhaps Avraham was unique owing to
his being an elder, studying in Yeshivah (as we know that
from the Avos onward, the Jews never ceased intense study)!?
1. Mentioned are Avraham, the Jews in Mitzrayim, Yitzhok,
Yakov, and Eliezer.
(h) (Rav) Avraham Avinu fulfilled all of the Torah (proof text).
2. Eliezer was Moshel, meaning he was completely familiar
with the Torah of Avraham.
3. He was Damesek, teaching the Torah of Avraham to
(i) Question: Maybe he only fulfilled the seven Noahide laws?
1. But surely he also fulfilled Bris Milah!
(j) Answer: Mitzvosei v'Sorosei implies more than only the
Mitzvos Bnei Noach.
2. We meant the seven plus Bris Milah.
(k) (Rava or R. Ashi) Avraham Avinu fulfilled even Eruv
Tavshilin, as Sorosei implies both the written and oral
(a) Question: Who said Hen?
5) CONFUSING MOONLIGHT WITH SUNLIGHT
1. The one on the roof should not say it, lest he both
"dream and interpret!"
(b) Answer: It could have been either one.
2. The one on the ground is in no position to say it!
1. For the one on the roof, he called out the dawn; the
one on the ground asked about Hevron, and the one on
the roof said Hen.
2. The one on the ground would say Hen to confirm that,
indeed, he was asking about Hevron.
(a) Question: The diffusion of sunlight is broader than
moonlight, precluding such an error!?
(b) Answer: It was a cloudy day, and the moonlight diffuses
broadly through the cracks between the clouds.
(c) We learn from here that a cloudy day is all sunlight.
(d) Question: What difference does that statement make?
(e) Answer: One can spread the skins to dry anywhere.
(f) Alternate Answer: Everywhere outdoors is considered "in the
sun" to prohibit kneading the Matzah dough there.