POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 27
YOMA 27, 28, 29 (16 Shevat), 30 - have been dedicated by Gitle Bekelnitzky
for the 38th Yahrzeit of Leah bas Mordechai Dovid and Chasya (Bikelnitzky),
mother of her late husband, Simcha Bekelnitzky.
1) HEFSHET AND NITUACH BY A ZAR (cont'd)
(a) Question: But that reference to the Kohanim is not
2) OTHER PESUKIM WHICH SPEAK OF KOHANIM AFTER KABALAH
(b) Answer (R. Shimi b. Ashi, citing Abaye, who was teaching
this Derashah to his sons): This is how Chizkiyah is to be
1. First he taught the Beraisa which teaches the Shechitah
can be done by a Zar.
(c) Question: But, still, we would need to be taught that the
Kohen must place the fire (even though it is after Kabalah)?
2. This is learned from the reference to Kohanim by
Kabalas Dam, and not by Shechitah, demonstrating that
only from Kabalah onward requires a Kohen, whereas the
owner who is Somech may also be Shochet.
3. If, Abaye went on to explain, Kabalah and forward is
the Mitzvah of Kohanim, then why are we taught that
they must place the fire on the Korban?
4. It must be to permit Hefshet and Nituah by a Zar.
1. Since the fire is not Me'akev Kaparah, it might not
need a Kohen.
(d) Answer: The source is "V'Archu...HaKohanim..."
2. And, as it teaches us this Din, we cannot make other
inferences from this Pasuk to Hefshet and Nituach.
1. Since from Kabalah onward is known as the realm of the
Kohanim, why do I need this Pasuk?
(e) Question: But perhaps this Pasuk excludes Sidur Eitzim?
2. It must exclude Hefshet and Nituach.
(f) Answer: It more likely excludes a similar Avodah (done on
the animal itself, unlike the Sidur Eitzim).
1. Question: To the contrary, Sidur Eitzim is more likely
excluded, since they both involve arrangements of the
(g) Question: Then what is the purpose of V'Hiktir HaKohen (who
would have thought that Haktarah does not require a Kohen)?
2. Answer: We really would not have thought that Sidur
Eitzim does not require a Kohen, once the Pasuk
excludes *bringing* the Eitzim.
3. Thus, V'Archu must exclude Hefshet and Nituach.
(h) Answer: Indeed, V'Hiktir is that which excludes Hefshet and
(a) The Pasuk teaches that bringing the Eivarim to the Kevesh
requires a Kohen, but not bringing the Eitzim (and, by
inference, the Sidur Eitzim does require a Kohen).
(b) V'Nasenu teaches its own requirement (since it is not
Me'akev the Kaparah).
(c) We may derive from the Pasuk V'Archu that a Teleh requires
(d) Question: There is a challenge to R. Elazar since the Pasuk
of V'Archu speaks of a Ben Bakar, which requires 24 Kohanim!
(e) Answer: The end of the Pasuk (speaking of Eitzim) teaches
that the six Kohanim are not dealing with the Ben Bakar, but
with the Teleh, about which the Torah requires that Eitzim
be prepared each morning.
3) A ZAR AND SIDUR EITZIM
(a) (Rav) A Zar who does Sidur Eitzim on the Ma'arachah is
(b) Question: What can be done to repair such a Ma'arachah.
(c) Answer: He takes it apart and puts it back together.
(d) Question: How will that help if the Zar puts it back?
(e) Answer: The Zar dismantles it and the Kohen rearranges it.
(f) Question (R. Zeira): How could an Avodah of the night (such
as Sidur HaMa'arachah) be forbidden to a Zar!?
(g) Answer: Yes, witness the Eivarim and Pedarim (Kosher all
night yet forbidden to a Zar)!
(h) Question: But these are the end of the *day's* Avodah.
(i) Answer: Yes, but witness the Terumas HaDeshen (Kosher at
night yet forbidden to a Zar).
(j) Terumas HaDeshen is the beginning of the day's Avodah (as
taught in the name of R. Yochanan that once a Kohen does
Kidush YaDayim for the Terumas HaDeshen, he is set for the
(k) Question: Then R. Zeira's claim is a question on R.
(l) Answer: R. Yochanan meant that a Zar would be Chayav if he
did Sidur of the two Gizrei Eitzim (Avodas Yom).
(m) Question (Rava): Then this Sidur should require a Payis!?
(n) Rava forgot the answer from the Beraisa which provides that
the one who wins the Terumas HaDeshen also wins Sidur of the
Ma'arachah as well as the two Gizrei Eitzim.
(o) Question: Would only an Avodas Yom get a Payis, what about
Eivarim and Pedarim which are in the fourth Payis!?
(p) Answer: That is the end of the day's Avodah.
(q) Question: But what about the Terumas HaDeshen!?
(r) Answer: That was because of the incident.
(s) Question: Are we to infer that there is a Payis only for
Avodas Yom, and that which is forbidden to a Zar, then why
is there a Payis for Shechitah!?
(t) Answer: Shechitah is given distinction since it is the start
of the Avodas HaKorban.
(u) Question: But we have a Mishnah which indicates that Sidur
of the two Gizrei Eitzim is *not* part of Avodas Yom (since
they did not look for daybreak to do it)?
(v) Answer: The Mishnah only mentioned looking for daybreak for
that Avodah which, if inadvertently done before daybreak is