POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 11
YOMA 11 (27 Teves) - dedicated to the memory of Chana Elka Krieger, Z"L,
wife of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Avraham Abba Krieger (author of Yad Yisrael on
Rambam and other Sefarim), by their son, Benayahu Krieger.
1) MEZUZOS IN THE GATES
(a) The Bereisa teaches that any gate which leads to a residence
(such as the Nikanor Gate leading to Lishkas Parhadrin) must
have a Mezuzah.
2) PLACE MEZUZOS ON YOUR HOMES - BEISECHA
(b) Question: This could not be the opinion of R. Yehudah, since
the Lishkah itself is, according to him, only a Gezeirah,
making the Gate a Gezeirah l'Gezeirah.
(c) Answer: He could view it as one inclusive Gezeirah.
(d) The Bereisa teaches that all gates require Mezuzos.
(e) Question: Why were Mezuzos not put on the gates of Mechuza?
(f) Answer: Those gates were only to support the structures
(g) Question: But that should require that they have Mezuzos!?
1. The Bereisa teaches that a Beis HaKeneses does not
ordinarily require a Mezuzah.
(h) Answer: Rather, they did not put up Mezuzos for fear of the
dangers involved, as reported in the incident in Tzipori.
2. If there is a residence within for the Chazan, then the
building *does* require a Mezuzah.
(i) Question: But Sheluchei Mitzvah Einan Nizokin.
(j) Answer: That is not where danger is ever-present, as in the
incident of Shmuel.
(a) This excludes places which are not for human residence.
(b) Others obligate such places but exclude places such as
outhouses, bathhouses and places of women's adornments.
(c) R. Kehana explains the opinions above:
1. Tana Kama derives the obligation from Beisecha; and the
Others assume the obligation and derive the exclusions.
(d) R. Yehudah explains the opinions above:
2. Women adorn means they bathe there.
3. Question: Then that is the same as Merchatz?
4. Answer: Both public and private bathes are thus
mentioned (as we might have obligated the latter).
1. Tana Kama understands Beisecha as restricted to full,
personal residence, and excludes any other place, even
if it is *also* used for people, such as if women adorn
2. Others consider the "combined" places to be obligated,
but exempt the storehouses (used *only* as such).
3. Unseemly places (outhouses, etc.) are exempt even if
women also adorn themselves there.
(e) Question: How can R. Yehudah claim that an ordinary
storehouse would be exempt according to all opinions, when a
Bereisa shows that Tana'im hold that they are Chayav!?
3) THE ARCHED GATE
(f) Answer: Indeed, this is a Tiyuvta.
(a) Six gates which are exempt... and here are seven of them.
4) OTHER OBLIGATED BUILDINGS
(b) The one, the arched gate, is a Machlokes R. Meir (who
obligates) and the Chachamim (who exempt) [however they
agree to obligate if the frame rises 10 Tefachim before the
1. Abaye explains that there is no dispute when Chokekin
would not give us 10 Tefachim.
2. The Machlokes is whether (R. Meir) or not (Chachamim)
we hold Chokekin L'Hashlim to obligate in Mezuzah.
(a) A Beis HaKeneses, a woman's home and a home of partners are
obligated in Mezuzah.
(b) Question: These are *obviously* obligated?!
(c) Answer: Beisecha could be understood in the singular.
(d) Question: Maybe they are, indeed, exempt.
(e) Answer: All who need long life are obligated.
(f) Question: Then what is implied by the singular Beisecha?
(g) Answer: To teach the obligation on the right side.
(h) Another Bereisa teaches that these same three buildings are
subject to the laws to Nega'im.
(i) Question: Again, this is obvious!?
(j) Answer: From the singular male "lo" I might have learned
(k) Question: Maybe, indeed.
(l) Answer: All homes which are part of the inheritance are
(m) Question: What is implied by the singular lo?
(n) Answer: That the cause for the Nega is miserliness.
(o) Question: But a Bereisa teaches that a Beis HaKeneses is
*not* subject to the laws of Nega'im?!
(p) Answer: One Bereisa (which subjects a synagogue to the laws)
is R. Meir, and the other (which exempts) is Rabanan (as
indicated by R. Meir's opinion obligating it in a Mezuzah
even without a residence within).
(q) Alternate Answer: They are both the opinion of Rabanan; one
speaking where there is an apartment within and one without.