POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 9
1) NACHTOMIN SEPARATING MA'ASER SHENI FROM DEMAI
(a) Nachtomin are exempt from all tithes except Terumas Ma'aser
2) THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE FIRST AND SECOND BAYIS
(b) A logic is given for each exemption, except as follows:
(c) Question: Why are they exempt from separating and bringing
Ma'aser Sheni to Yerushalayim?
(d) Answer: Chazal were lenient because of the oppressive market
conditions (created by the Parhadrin) the Nachtomin worked
(a) The first Mikdash stood for 410 years and there were only 18
Kohanim Gedolim (the longevity mentioned in the Pasuk).
(b) The second Mikdash had more than 300 Kohanim Gedolim in 420
years (R. Yochanan goes on to make the calculation that none
of the later Kohanim Gedolim survived the year).
(c) Shiloh was destroyed because...(proof texts for each)
1. Gilui Arayos [not really the Aveirah as implied].
2. Bizayon Kodeshim.
(d) The first Mikdash was destroyed because... (proof texts from
Yeshayah and Melachim).
3) RESH LAKISH AND THE BABYLONIAN
1. Avodah Zarah.
(e) The second Mikdash, where there was Torah, Mitzvos and
Gemilus Chasadim, was destroyed on account of Sinas Chinam
2. Gilui Arayos.
3. Shefichus Damim.
1. The Bereisa which says that their Bitachon was false is
speaking of the first Mikdash.
(f) Question: But it seems from Yechezkel that the first Mikdash
*did* have Sinas Chinam!?
2. Three punishments (all related to the destruction of
Yerushalayim) followed in the wake of the sins
committed with confidence that HaShem would not make
(g) Answer: That was speaking only of the leadership.
(h) To those (first Mikdash) whose Aveiros were revealed by the
Pasuk, the end to their exile was also revealed, whereas the
(i) (R. Yochanan) The earlier ones (first Mikdash) were better.
(j) (Resh Lakish) No, we are better (for we study Torah even in
the face of foreign dominion).
(k) The return of the Mikdash seems to support R. Yochanan.
(a) Resh Lakish indicated to Rabah b.b. Chanah his hatred for
the Babylonians for not coming en masse to Eretz Yisrael
during the days of Ezra.
(b) Had they done so, the Mikdash would not have been subject to
deterioration (we are not silver but rather cedar).
(c) The rotting of the cedar is a Mashal to Bas Kol (remaining
vestige of prophecy).
(d) Question: But surely Resh Lakish would not have spoken with
Rabah b.b. Chanah (who was of a lesser stature than R.
Elazar, with whom Resh Lakish would not speak in public)?!
(e) Answer: (R. Papa) Names in the story need to be changed.