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Yoma 87

YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will long be remembered.

1) [line 3] AMBUHA - a crowd of people [escorting him to honor him]
2) [line 3] A'BASREI - behind him
3) [line 4] "IM YA'ALEH LA'SHAMAYIM SI'O, V'ROSHO LA'AV YAGI'A, K'GELELO LA'NETZACH YOVED; RO'AV YOMERU AYO." - "Though his eminence ascends to heaven and his head touches the clouds, he will perish forever like his own dung; those who had seen him will ask, 'Where is he?'" (Iyov 20:6, 7)

4) [line 6] KI HAVU MECHATFEI LEI - when they (his servants or students) carried him in a sedan chair on their shoulders (Rashi Beitzah 25b)

5) [line 6] B'SHABSA D'RIGLA - on the Shabbos approximately thirty days preceding the festival, when they would teach the laws pertaining to the festival

6) [line 7] "KI LO L'OLAM CHOSEN, V'IM NEZE L'DOR VA'DOR." - "For strength does not endure forever. Does the crown last from generation to generation?" (Mishlei 27:24) - Rav (alt. Mar -- Sanhedrin 7b, Beitzah 25b) Zutra quoted this verse to himself, referring to the honor that he received.

7) [line 25] LISAMECH - to receive Semichah (Rabbinic ordination)
8) [line 30] "ADAM ASHUK B'DAM NEFESH, AD BO YANUS, AL YISMECHU BO!" - "A man guilty of bloodshed will flee until the grave; no one will support him." (Mishlei 28:17) - The Gemara interprets this verse to mean, "A person who destroys the soul of another (by causing him to sin), will run until he reaches the pit (Gehinom). Do not hold him back [from falling]!"

9) [line 35] AGAV SHA'ANI - [when a person sins] relying on Yom ha'Kipurim [for atonement, that] is a different matter

10) [line 39] "BENI, IM ARAVTA L'RE'ECHA..." - "My son, if you have been a guarantor for your friend; if you have given your handshake to a stranger, you have been trapped by the words of your mouth...Do this, therefore, my son, and be rescued; for you have come into your fellow's hand. Go humble yourself before him, and placate your fellow." (Mishlei 6:1-3)

11) [line 40] HATER LO PISAS YAD - open up for him the palm of your hand, i.e. pay him back. (These four words are the result of using Notrikon for the word "Hisrapes.")

12) [line 41] B'SHALOSH SHUROS - three rows, i.e. three different times
13) [line 41] "YASHOR AL ANASHIM..." - "He then goes around to people and says, 'I have sinned; I have made crooked that which was straight; my actions were to no avail." (Iyov 33:27) - This verse hints at the three times that a person must ask forgiveness.

14) [line 42] HA'MEVAKESH MATU - one who begs forgiveness
15) [line 44] HAVAH LEI MILSA L'REBBI ABA BAHADEI - Rebbi Aba had a matter of contention with him; a complaint against him (against Rebbi Yirmeyah)

16) [line 44] EISIV A'DASHA - he sat by the door
17) [line 45] B'HADI D'SHADYA AMSEI MAYA - when his maidservant threw out foul water
b) [line 45] MATA ZARZIFEI D'MAYA A'REISHA - drops of water landed on his head
18) [line 46] HASHTA TZERICHNA L'MEIPAK A'DA'ATACH - now it is I (Rebbi Aba) who must make amends to you (Rebbi Yirmeyah)

19) [line 47] REBBI ZEIRA KI HAVAH LEI MILSA B'HADI INISH - when Rebbi Zeira had a matter of contention with a person (who had wronged him)

20) [line 47] HAVAH CHALIF V'TANI L'KAMEI - he would pass back and forth in front of him
21) [line 47] U'MAMTZI LEI - and make himself available to him
22) [line 47] KI HEICHI D'NEISI V'NEIFUK LEI MI'DA'ATEI - in order that the person should make amends to him

23) [line 48] B'MA'ALEI YOMA D'CHIPUREI - on Erev Yom Kipur
24) [line 48] AMAR IHU - Rav said to himself
25a) [line 49] AZIL ABA L'MIKTAL NAFSHA - Rav is going to kill a person (the butcher, who will be punished for not asking forgiveness)
b) [line 49] ABA - father, a title of distinction; Rav was called Aba (a) because he was his teacher (RASHI); (b) because of his dignity (see RASHI Berachos 47a ILU MAISU); (c) because it was his real name (Tosfos Chulin 38a DH Itzterich)

26) [line 50] V'KA PALI REISHA - and he was splitting open the head of an animal
27) [line 50] DALI EINEI V'CHAZYEI - the butcher raised his eyes and saw him
28) [last line] ISHTEMIT GARMA - a bone flew off
29) [last line] U'MACHYEI B'KU'EI V'KATLEI - and struck his throat (severing an artery) and killed him

30) [last line] RAV HAVAH PASIK SIDRA KAMEI D'REBBI - Rav was reading a section of Nevi'im or Kesuvim before Rebbi


31) [line 1] HADAR L'REISHA - he went back to the beginning
32) [line 5] TELISAR MA'ALEI YOMEI D'CHIPUREI - thirteen Yom Kipur Eves
33) [line 8] RAV SHA'ANI - (a) *Rav* was different because he wanted to be more stringent with himself (RASHI); (b) a *teacher* is different; Rav was the student of Rebbi Chanina (RABEINU CHANANEL)

34) [line 11] CHELMA CHAZI LEI L'RAV - had a dream about Rav
35) [line 11] D'ZAKFUHU B'DIKLA - that they hung him from a palm tree
36) [line 12] U'GEMIRI - and we have a tradition
37) [line 12] REISHA HEVEI - becomes the leader
38) [line 13] BA'I L'ME'EVAD RESHUSA - [Rav] needs to become a leader, a Rosh Yeshiva
39) [line 19] DEVAR KALKALAH - (lit. a matter of ruin) a sin
40) [line 24] ATAH YODE'A RAZEI OLAM - "You know the secrets of the world", the prayer that we say at the beginning of "Al Cheit"

41) [line 25] MI'MA'AMAKEI HA'LEV - "From the depths of the heart", a prayer that was known to them

42) [line 28] V'CHATOSEINU ATZMU MI'SAPER - and our sins increased beyond the possibility of telling over

43) [line 29] NOTZARTI - I was formed
44) [line 33] MEROK - clean, purge, abolish
45) [line 40] KAM MEIKAM - he stood up (RABEINU CHANANEL)

46) [line 45] MA'AMADOS
(a) The Mishnah in Ta'anis 26a states that the early prophets divided Benei Yisrael into twenty-four groups, or Ma'amados. Each Ma'amad consisted of Kohanim, Leviyim and Yisraelim, and it was their duty to make sure that the Korbanos were sacrificed properly. The Ma'amados worked in a rotation and took responsibility for the Korbanos of one week, twice each year.
(b) When each Ma'amad's turn arrived, the Kohanim and Leviyim would travel to the Beis ha'Mikdash to do the divine service. Some of the Yisraelim traveled to Yerushalayim, also, but most of them stayed in their own cities. It was the job of the Yisraelim to pray that the week's Korbanos should be accepted by HaSh-m. They gathered together to fast, read special portions of the Torah and recite the special Shemoneh Esrei of Ta'aniyos (see Background to Shabbos 24:1).

47) [line 46] TZELOSA YESEIRTA - an additional Shemoneh Esrei prayer of seven blessings

48) [line 47] OR YOM HA'KIPURIM - the night of Yom ha'Kipurim
49) [line 49] YOM HA'KIPURIM IM CHASHEICHAH - at the end of the day of Yom ha'Kipurim

50) [last line] ME'EIN SHEMONEH ESREI
Me'ein Shemoneh Esrei refers to "Havineinu", a shortened version of the daily Shemoneh Esrei prayer. The first three and last three blessings remain the same. The thirteen blessings which are requests are condensed into one blessing that ends in Shome'a Tefilah (Berachos Daf 29a). It was used mostly by travelers who were forced to pray on the road, when there was no life- threatening danger. There is a difference of opinion as to whether it was abolished or may still be used.

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